Comparing Public Policies : Issues and Choices in Industrialized Countries

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-01-05
  • Publisher: Cq Pr
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The study of comparative public policy reveals the intensely political nature of policy choices. While policy analysts often look to policy successes and failures outside their borders to draw valuable lessons and insights, cultural, economic, political, and institutional conditions vary from country to country and strongly affect how policy analysis is ultimately used. By combining a conceptual discussion of policy making with an examination of seven specific policy areas, Jessica Adolino and Charles Blake show how politics-in the realm of the environment, education, taxation, economics, immigration, health care, and social welfare-shapes policy choices. The second edition of Comparing Public Policies has been revised and updated to reflect the most recent political and policy developments. This new edition expands coverage of the internationalization of domestic policy making by including a European Union case study in each issue area, along with further discussion of the role of international interest groups in the policy process. The seven policy chapters have been revised and updated to examine current issues in the United States, Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, and the European Union, such as: - the heightened calls for immigration policy reform - the return to higher budget deficits in several countries - the efforts to lower tax rates in countries with falling expenditures and in countries with rising spending levels - the often unsuccessful attempts to control increasing health care costs in countries with aging populations - the spirited debate over the future role of the welfare state in an increasingly globalized economy - the, at times, divergent education reform debates regarding the role of assessment and calls for decentralization - the uneven environmental performance in the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions Chapters include analyses of crossnational trends-past and present-and a final chapter reexamines the internationalization of public policy in industrialized countries. Useful pedagogical features have been incorporated throughout the text, including "In Depth" boxes that offer detailed discussion of the political process or analytical techniques, and "Country At-a-Glance" boxes that provide quick reference to political institutions. A wealth of recent data is displayed in numerous tables and a glossary gives students a practical guide to terminology.

Author Biography

Jessica R. Adolino is professor of political science at James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia, where she teaches courses on comparative politics, European politics, and international affairs. She also serves as associate dean of the College of Arts and Letters. Her research interests primarily lie in the areas of British politics and comparative public policy. She published an extensive study of immigration and ethnic politics, Ethnic Minorities, Electoral Politics and Political Integration in Britain, in 1998. Charles H. Blake is professor and chair of political science at James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia, where he teaches comparative politics, comparative public policy, and research methods. His research on the political economy of upper-income and middle-income societies has been published in a variety of journals, including Comparative Political Studies, Democratization, and the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, among others. He is also the author of Politics in Latin America: The Quests for Development, Liberty, and Governance and coeditor (with Stephen D. Morris) of Corruption and Democracy in Latin America.

Table of Contents

Tables, Figures, and Boxesp. ix
Prefacep. xi
An Introduction to Comparative Public Policyp. 1
The Increasing Internationalization of Public Policyp. 4
The Organization of This Bookp. 6
The Policy Processp. 1
The Study of the Policy Processp. 8
The Policy Process Revisitedp. 28
Theories of Policy Makingp. 31
The Cultural Schoolp. 31
The Economic Schoolp. 34
The Political Schoolp. 38
The Institutional Schoolp. 41
An Eclectic Approach to Examining Policy Theoriesp. 45
Political and Economic Dynamics in Industrialized Countriesp. 47
Social Cleavagep. 47
Interest Groupsp. 48
Political Parties and Party Systemsp. 51
Voting Behaviorp. 55
Electoral Systemsp. 59
Executive-Legislative Relationsp. 63
Intergovernmental Relationsp. 67
The Bureaucracyp. 69
The Judiciaryp. 70
Economic Dynamicsp. 71
The Policy-making Contextp. 77
The United Statesp. 77
Japanp. 80
Germanyp. 83
Francep. 86
The United Kingdomp. 89
Italyp. 92
European Unionp. 95
Immigration Policyp. 100
Common Policy Problemsp. 100
Major Policy Optionsp. 103
Explaining Policy Dynamicsp. 104
International Policy Makingp. 109
United Statesp. 111
Japanp. 118
Germanyp. 123
Francep. 129
United Kingdomp. 134
Italyp. 140
European Unionp. 146
Cross-national Trendsp. 150
Fiscal Policyp. 159
Common Policy Problemsp. 159
Major Policy Optionsp. 161
Explaining Policy Dynamicsp. 163
Internafional Policy Makingp. 167
United Statesp. 169
Japanp. 174
Germanyp. 177
Francep. 180
United Kingdomp. 183
Italyp. 186
European Unionp. 189
Cross-national Trendsp. 192
Taxation Policyp. 198
Common Policy Problemsp. 198
Major Policy Optionsp. 200
Explaining Policy Dynamicsp. 203
International Policy Makingp. 206
United Statesp. 207
Japanp. 211
Germanyp. 214
Francep. 217
United Kingdomp. 219
Italyp. 222
European Unionp. 225
Cross-national Trendsp. 229
Health Care Policyp. 234
Common Policy Problemsp. 234
Major Policy Optionsp. 235
Explaining Policy Dynamicsp. 239
International Policy Makingp. 242
United Statesp. 243
Japanp. 249
Germanyp. 253
Francep. 257
United Kingdomp. 262
Italyp. 266
European Unionp. 270
Cross-national Trendsp. 273
Social Policyp. 278
Common Policy Problemsp. 278
Major Policy Optionsp. 281
Explaining Policy Dynamicsp. 283
International Policy Makingp. 287
United Statesp. 287
Japanp. 293
Germanyp. 296
Francep. 301
United Kingdomp. 305
Italyp. 309
European Unionp. 313
Cross-national Trendsp. 315
Education Policyp. 321
Common Policy Problemsp. 321
Major Policy Optionsp. 322
Explaining Policy Dynamicsp. 326
International Policy Makingp. 329
United Statesp. 329
Japanp. 334
Germanyp. 338
Francep. 342
United Kingdomp. 346
Italyp. 351
European Unionp. 355
Cross-national Trendsp. 358
Environmental Policyp. 364
Common Policy Problemsp. 364
Major Policy Optionsp. 366
Explaining Policy Dynamicsp. 369
International Policy Makingp. 372
United Statesp. 373
Japanp. 379
Germanyp. 383
Francep. 388
United Kingdomp. 392
Italyp. 396
European Unionp. 401
Cross-national Trendsp. 405
Conclusionp. 412
Contemporary Trendsp. 412
Learning Lessons by Comparing Policiesp. 417
Glossaryp. 419
Referencesp. 429
Indexp. 441
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