Competitive Authoritarianism: Hybrid Regimes After the Cold War

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-08-16
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

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Based on a detailed study of 35 cases in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and post-communist Eurasia, this book explores the fate of competitive authoritarian regimes between 1990 and 2008. It finds that where social, economic, and technocratic ties to the West were extensive, as in Eastern Europe and the Americas, the external cost of abuse led incumbents to cede power rather than crack down, which led to democratization. Where ties to the West were limited, external democratizing pressure was weaker and countries rarely democratized. In these cases, regime outcomes hinged on the character of state and ruling party organizations. Where incumbents possessed developed and cohesive coercive party structures, they could thwart opposition challenges, and competitive authoritarian regimes survived; where incumbents lacked such organizational tools, regimes were unstable but rarely democratized.

Author Biography

Steven Levitsky is Professor of Government at Harvard University. Lucan A. Way is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Toronto.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Acronyms and Abbreviationsp. xv
Introduction and Theoryp. 1
Introductionp. 3
Explaining Competitive Authoritarian Regime Trajectories: International Linkage and the Organizational Power of Incumbentsp. 37
High-Linkage and Democratization: Eastern Europe and the Americasp. 85
Linkage, Leverage, and Democratization in Eastern Europep. 87
Linkage, Leverage, and Democratization in the Americasp. 130
The Dynamics of Competitive Authoritarianism in Low-Linkage Regions: The Former Soviet Union, Africa, and Asiap. 181
The Evolution of Post-Soviet Competitive Authoritarianismp. 183
Africa: Transitions without Democratizationp. 236
Diverging Outcomes in Asiap. 309
Conclusionp. 339
Measuring Competitive Authoritarianism and Authoritarian Stabilityp. 365
Measuring Leveragep. 372
Measuring Linkagep. 374
Measuring Organizational Powerp. 376
Referencesp. 381
Indexp. 493
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