Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, Updated, A

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-01-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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For undergraduate courses in History, Political Science, Jewish Studies, International Relations, Foreign Relations, and Diplomatic History that specifically cover the Arab-Israeli Conflict or the Middle East. This concise and comprehensive text presents a balanced, impartial, and well-illustrated coverage of the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict. The authors identify and examine the issues and themes that have characterized and defined the conflict over the past century. The updated Fourth Edition includes a new final unit that examines the many developments since 9/11.

Table of Contents

Tables, Charts, and Mapsp. xiii
Documentsp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Defining the Questionp. 4
Who Are the Arabs and Jews?p. 4
The Religious Dimension: Judaism and Islamp. 6
The Task of the Historianp. 11
The Landscape of Palestinep. 11
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 15
Palestine in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 16
Palestine under the Ottoman Empirep. 17
The Arabs of Palestinep. 19
Jews in Nineteenth-Century Palestinep. 20
The Birth of Modern Zionismp. 21
The Jewish and Arab Communities of Palestine on the Eve of World War Ip. 28
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 30
Palestine During the Mandatep. 36
The Hussein-McMahon Correspondencep. 37
The Sykes-Picot Agreementp. 39
The Balfour Declarationp. 41
Postwar Settlementp. 42
The Mandatesp. 44
Land, Immigration, and White Papersp. 49
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 57
World War II, Jewish Displaced Persons, and the Partition of Palestinep. 68
The Holocaustp. 70
Jewish Resistance to the Holocaustp. 72
The United States, American Jews, and Palestine to 1945p. 73
Palestine after World War IIp. 76
The Displaced Persons and Palestinep. 76
Postwar British and American Policyp. 78
The Anglo-American Committee of Enquiryp. 79
Palestine before the United Nationsp. 83
UNSCOP Majority Reportp. 84
The United States and the Partition Proposalp. 85
UNGA Approves the Partition of Palestinep. 86
Arab and Jewish Response to the UN Partition Resolutionp. 87
Partition in Doubtp. 90
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 92
The Proclamation of Israel and the First Arab-Israeli Warp. 100
Israel Declared and the War of 1948p. 101
The Palestinian Refugeesp. 104
Israel: A Jewish Statep. 106
The Arabs of Palestine: 1948p. 110
Conclusionp. 112
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 113
The Conflict Widens: Suez, 1956p. 116
The Uncertain Years, 1949-1956p. 117
Israel and the Palestiniansp. 117
Israel and the Arab Statesp. 120
Background to the 1956 Warp. 121
The Baghdad Pact, 1955p. 124
The Suez Crisisp. 126
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 132
The Turning Point: June 1967p. 137
Israel after 1956p. 138
The Arabs after 1956p. 140
U.S.-Soviet Involvement: The Cold War and the Arms Racep. 141
Syria, the Palestinians, and the War of 1967p. 144
Recapitulationp. 154
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 155
Holy Days and Holy War: October 1973p. 160
The Palestinians and the PLO after 1967p. 162
Diplomacy, the War of Attrition, and the Rogers Planp. 168
Detente and the Role of the Superpowersp. 170
Egypt Prepares for Warp. 171
The 1973 War and Its Aftermathp. 174
The Arab Embargo and the Oil Weaponp. 176
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 178
The Search for Peace, 1973-1979p. 183
The Peace Process, 1973-1979p. 184
Water and the Arab-Israeli Conflictp. 192
The Camp David Accordsp. 193
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 199
Lebanon and the Intifadap. 210
Lebanonp. 211
The Intifadap. 224
The Superpowers and the Peace Processp. 234
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 236
The Peace of the Bravep. 244
The End of the Cold War and the Dissolution of the Soviet Unionp. 245
The Gulf Warp. 245
The Madrid Peace Conferencep. 250
The Road to Peacep. 255
The September 1993 Israeli-PLO Accordp. 262
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 266
The Peace Progressesp. 280
The Gaza-Jericho Agreement between Israel and the PLOp. 281
Peace between Jordan and Israelp. 282
The Road to Oslo IIp. 284
The Assassination of Yitzhak Rabinp. 286
The Israeli Elections of May 1996p. 295
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 301
Collapse of the Peace Processp. 313
Peace Negotiations Stallp. 314
Internal Problems In Israelp. 315
The Wye River Memorandump. 317
The Death of King Husseinp. 321
The Election of Ehud Barakp. 321
The Sharm al-Sheikh Memorandump. 324
The Syrians--and Great Expectationsp. 327
The Talks Continuep. 331
Lebanonp. 333
Camp David IIp. 337
The al-Aqsa Intifada and Collapse of the Peace Processp. 339
The Election Victory of Ariel Sharonp. 343
Conclusionp. 352
The Changing Character of the Arab-Israeli Conflictp. 352
Outstanding Issues in the Conflictp. 354
Glossaryp. 361
Guide to Pronunciationp. 365
Photo Creditsp. 366
Indexp. 367
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.


The first edition of this book was written ten years ago. Since then, there have been tremendous changes both in the Arab-Israeli conflict itself, and in the way it has been written about. The Gulf War of 1991, the Madrid peace conference later the same year, the end of the Cold War and dissolution of the Soviet Union, together with the 1993 Oslo accord between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization, led to a changed dynamic in the relations between Israel and the Arab countries, and to a significant transformation in the relationship between Israel and the Palestinians. Over the next seven years, until mid-2000, remarkable, if halting, measures were taken by both sides toward a peaceful resolution of the complex issues that had divided Jews and Arabs for the past century. Then, dramatically, in September 2000, we witnessed a reversal and a return to an escalating cycle of violence and alienation. The way the participants, including their respective historians, view, speak, and write about themselves and each other has also significantly shifted in the past decade. The discourse between Palestinians/Arabs and Israelis, and within each group--especially among Israelis--has matured and moderated with the passage of time, and despite recent events, we still believe that a majority on both sides recognize that specific goals are more attainable through peaceful means than by warfare. Bitterness and hatred may once again threaten to destroy the fabric of the peace process built up between Israelis and Palestinians; nevertheless, Israel is now recognized and accepted as a reality by most Arabs, and most Israelis are ready to acknowledge the almost certain possibility of a Palestinian state. Despite extremists in both camps, Arabs no longer call for Israel to be driven into the sea, and Israelis understand that Palestinians are more than a bunch of terrorists. With this new awareness, new questions have arisen, new frameworks through which the past and present can be viewed have been constructed, new histories have been written. Of course, the circumstances that produced the Arab-Israeli conflict have not changed, nor have old enmities disappeared. Historians cannot ignore or change past events or sentiments. We simply see things differently in the twenty-first century than we did in earlier years. Time provides alternative perspectives with which to interpret events. The most dramatic example of this is to be seen in the way a group of Israeli historians, "post-Zionists"--called the New Historians--have reinterpreted the history of the origins and early history of Israel and have challenged many of what they call the myths of the previous generation of nationalist historians. A similar revision of Palestinian and Arab history will, no doubt, appear in the future. The Arab-Israeli conflict continues to surprise pundits and commentators, however. It even appears to defy the participants themselves. The unexpected ferocity and level of violence that erupted in late September 2000 seem once again to have transformed the relationship between Israel, the Palestinians, and the Arab states from one of relative calm to one of explosive bitterness and hostility. It is difficult to know what to make of it all, and events are unfolding so quickly as we write that, at times, we ourselves have not always agreed on how to interpret them. A year ago we were optimistic; now we are not so sure. In this fourth edition ofA Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflictwe have tried to reflect the changes outlined above. Our narrative and chronologies have been updated, and we have reviewed how we interpret many of the events preceding these startling, rapidly changing, and somewhat unpredictable happenings. We have also considered the many new accounts and interpretations and have included many in the bibliographies at the end of each chapter. In the last chapter of this edition,

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