9780495130307

A Concise History Of Christianity

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780495130307

  • ISBN10:

    0495130303

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-05-26
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

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Summary

It's concise, easy to read, and full of interesting material! A CONCISE HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITY shows you exactly how Christianity came to be, the major highlights of its history, and why appreciating its diversity is such an important component of properly understanding it. Plus, Peterson's lively writing style will keep your attention and the many study tools will help you succeed on midterms and finals.

Table of Contents

Tables, Boxes, and Maps
xiv
Preface to the Third Edition xvi
Introduction
1(29)
Christianity and History
2(1)
Historians and History
3(3)
History and the Problem of Interpretation
3(1)
The Historian's Toolbox
4(2)
Understanding the Historical Process
6(1)
The Historical Process and Church History
6(1)
The Jewish Background of Christianity
7(10)
The Founding Fathers and the Exodus
9(1)
The Judges and the United Kingdom
10(2)
The Prophets
12(1)
The Babylonian Captivity
13(3)
The Greek Period
16(1)
Jewish Independence and Roman Domination
17(1)
The Roman World of Jesus of Nazareth
17(2)
The Jewish World of Jesus of Nazareth
19(2)
The Messiah and the Kingdom
19(1)
Jewish Groups
20(1)
Conclusions
21(1)
Notes
22(1)
Additional Readings
22(1)
Websites
23(2)
I. Early Christianity
Introduction: The Growth and Decline of the Roman Empire
25(4)
Republic to Empire
25(1)
The High Point of the Empire
26(1)
A Declining Empire
27(1)
Reforms of Diocletian and Constantine
27(2)
Notes
29(1)
Beginnings (6 B.C.E.--100 C.E.)
30(24)
The Life, Teachings, and Ministry of Jesus
31(7)
The Life of Jesus
32(4)
The Teachings of Jesus
36(1)
The Miracles and Ministry of Jesus
37(1)
The Post-Resurrection Church
38(3)
The Question and the Power of the Resurrection
39(1)
The Church at Jerusalem
39(1)
The Church Spreads
40(1)
Pauline Christianity
41(5)
Paul as Missionary and Pastor
42(1)
Pauline Theology
43(3)
Johannine Christianity
46(1)
The Church at the Close of the First Century
47(4)
The Church and the World
49(1)
Emerging Orthodoxy
50(1)
Conclusions
51(1)
Notes
51(1)
Additional Readings
52(1)
Websites
53(1)
The Faith of the Fathers: Persecution to Establishment (100--500 C.E.)
54(22)
Church-State Relations
55(10)
Persecution and Conflict
56(8)
Fourth-Century Persecution
64(1)
Christ and Culture: The Apologists
65(2)
Christ Against Culture
65(1)
Christ in Dialogue with Culture
66(1)
Beginnings of an Age-Old Dispute
66(1)
Triumph and New Challenges
67(5)
Constantine and the Donatists
69(1)
Triumph and Establishment
70(1)
The Rise of Monasticism
70(2)
Conclusions
72(1)
Notes
73(1)
Additional Readings
74(1)
Websites
75(1)
The Faith of the Fathers: Controversies and Councils (100--500 C.E.)
76(35)
The Quest for Authority
77(6)
Gnostic Christianity
77(1)
The Establishment of an Official Canon
78(1)
The Development of Creeds
79(1)
The Establishment of Bishops
80(3)
The Nature of Christ and the Trinity
83(6)
One God: Monarchianism
85(1)
The Equality of Christ: The Arian Controversy
85(1)
Coeternal and Coequal: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
86(3)
Augustine: The Theologian of the West
89(5)
Augustine's Life
90(1)
Controversy with the Manichees
91(1)
Controversy with the Donatists
92(1)
Controversy with Pelagius
93(1)
Controversy with the Pagans
93(1)
The Church at the Close of the Patristic Period
94(3)
Conclusions
97(1)
Notes
97(1)
Additional Readings
98(1)
Websites
99(2)
II. Christianity in the Middle Ages
Introduction: The Middle Ages
101(1)
The World in the Early Middle Ages
101(7)
The Byzantine Empire
101(2)
The State and the Church in Western Europe
103(4)
The Rise of Islam
107(1)
Western Europe in the High Middle Ages
108(1)
Nation Building, Trade, and New Rights
108(2)
Black Death and Rebirth
110(1)
Notes
110(1)
The Church in the Early Middle Ages: Chaos, Darkness, and Emerging Order (500--1000 C.E.)
111(26)
The Eastern Church
112(7)
Symphonia
112(1)
Monastics
113(2)
The Expansion of Eastern Christianity
115(2)
Controversies and the Seven Councils
117(2)
The Western Church
119(13)
The Rise of the Papacy
119(6)
The Decline of the Papacy
125(1)
Missionary Expansion
126(4)
The Body and Blood of Christ and Other Controversies
130(2)
The Church at the Close of The Early Middle Ages
132(1)
Conclusions
133(1)
Notes
134(1)
Additional Readings
135(1)
Websites
136(1)
The Church in the High Middle Ages: Flowering of Christian Society (1000--1500 C.E.)
137(29)
Empire and Church Revived
138(8)
The Holy Roman Empire
138(1)
Cluny and Monastic Reform
139(4)
The Papacy and the Investiture Controversy
143(3)
The Peak of Papal Power
146(2)
The Crusades
148(3)
Reasons for the Crusades
148(1)
A Brief Overview of the Crusades
149(1)
The Results of the Crusades
150(1)
Scholasticism
151(12)
Anselm of Canterbury
152(2)
Peter Abelard
154(1)
Thomas Aquinas
155(2)
Plato and Aristotle
157(1)
Realism and Nominalism
158(1)
Implications of the Realists-Nominalist Debates
159(3)
Triumph of Aristotle and Nominalism
162(1)
Conclusions
163(1)
Notes
163(1)
Additional Readings
164(1)
Websites
165(1)
The Church in the High Middle Ages: Reform and Decline (1000--1500 C.E.)
166(30)
Reform Within the Church
167(2)
The Franciscans
167(1)
The Dominicans
168(1)
Reform Movements Outside the Church
169(2)
The Cathari and the Waldenses
169(1)
Wycliffe and Hus
170(1)
Decline and Rebirth
171(6)
Papal Decline
172(3)
The Renaissance and Humanism
175(2)
The Orthodox Church in the High Middle Ages
177(5)
Byzantine Orthodoxy
177(4)
Russian Orthodoxy
181(1)
The Church at the Close of the Middle Ages
182(2)
Conclusions
184(1)
Notes
185(1)
Additional Readings
185(1)
Websites
186(1)
III. The Reformation
The World of the Reformation
187(5)
The Nation-States
187(2)
Capitalism and World Expansion
189(1)
The Context of the Reformation
190(2)
The World in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
192(3)
States and Empires
192(1)
Royal Absolutism
193(1)
New States
194(1)
Notes
195(1)
The Protestant Reformation: A Watershed in History (1500--1600 C.E.)
196(24)
Luther and Lutheranism
197(11)
Luther and Early Lutheranism
198(5)
Luther's Later Life
203(2)
Luther's Theology
205(3)
Calvin and the Reformed Tradition
208(9)
Ulrich Zwingli
208(4)
John Calvin
212(1)
Calvin's Theology
213(4)
Conclusions
217(1)
Notes
218(1)
Additional Readings
218(1)
Websites
219(1)
The Protestant Reformation: Further Reform and Reaction (1500--1600 C.E.)
220(27)
The English Reformation
221(5)
Henry VIII and the Early Reformation
221(2)
Edward VI and Mary Tudor
223(2)
Elizabeth and the Elizabethan Settlement
225(1)
The Anabaptists
226(6)
The Early Anabaptists
226(2)
The Radical Anabaptists
228(1)
Other Anabaptists: Moderate and Radical
228(4)
The Catholic Reformation
232(9)
Renewal Efforts and Spiritual Movements
232(2)
Loyola and the Jesuits
234(3)
The Council of Trent
237(1)
The Immediate Aftermath of the Reformation
237(4)
The Orthodox Church During the Reformation
241(2)
The Russian Church
241(1)
The Reformation and Orthodoxy
242(1)
The Church at the Close of the Sixteenth Century
243(1)
Conclusions
244(1)
Notes
245(1)
Additional Readings
245(1)
Websites
246(1)
The Aftermath of the Reformation: War, Piety, and Reason (1600--1800 C.E.)
247(32)
Religious Wars
248(10)
The Thirty Years' War
249(4)
The Church in the Desert
253(1)
The Puritans and the Puritan Revolt
254(4)
Protestant Orthodoxy and Pietism
258(6)
Fox and the Quakers
260(1)
The Pietists
260(2)
Moravians and Methodists
262(2)
The Smile of Reason
264(5)
The Scientific Revolution
265(1)
Rationalism in Philosophy and Religion
266(2)
Opponents of Rationalism
268(1)
The Orthodox Church of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century
269(3)
Church and State in Russia
270(1)
The Old Believers Controversy
271(1)
The Church at the Close of the Eighteenth Century
272(2)
Conclusions
274(1)
Notes
274(1)
Additional Readings
275(1)
Websites
276(1)
IV. Christianity in the Modern and Global Eras
Introduction
277(2)
Christianity from Modern to Global Society: Modernization, Globalization, and the Catholic Reaction (1800--Present)
279(31)
The World in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
280(11)
Revolutions, New Powers, and the New Imperialism
280(4)
Industrialization, Urbanization, and Population Growth
284(3)
World Wars I and II
287(3)
Emerging Global Society
290(1)
Perspectives of the Modern Era
291(5)
Political Liberalism
291(2)
Scientific Advances
293(1)
The Social Sciences, History, and Philosophy
294(2)
Shifting Perspectives and Standards of Global Society
296(5)
Human Rights, One Humanity, and Global Civil Society
297(2)
Fluidity and Identity
299(2)
The Catholic Reaction to the Modern World
301(5)
Ultramontanism
302(1)
Second Vatican Council
303(2)
Pope John Paul II
305(1)
Conclusions
306(1)
Notes
307(1)
Additional Readings
308(1)
Websites
309(1)
Christianity from Modern to Global Society: Optimism, Uncertainty, and Opportunity (1800--Present)
310(41)
The Protestant Reaction to the Modern World
311(3)
Liberal Theology
311(1)
Biblical Criticism and Historical Studies
312(2)
Reactions Against Liberalism
314(2)
Reactions Against Christian Culture
316(1)
Revivalism, Missions, and Sunday School
317(6)
Revivalism
317(3)
Missions
320(3)
Sunday School
323(1)
Other Twentieth-Century Movements
323(3)
Neo-Orthodoxy
324(2)
Liberalism and Fundamentalism
326(8)
Church Decline and Growth in the United States
331(1)
The Death of God and Process Theology
332(2)
The Ecumenical Movement
334(2)
The Dispossessed and the Prospects of Global Christianity
336(6)
Christianity in Latin America
338(1)
Christianity in Africa
339(2)
Christianity in Asia
341(1)
The Orthodox Church in the Modern Era
342(2)
Christianity at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century
344(2)
Conclusions
346(1)
Notes
347(1)
Additional Readings
348(1)
Websites
349(2)
Glossary 351(10)
Index 361

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