A Concise History Of the Middle East

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  • Edition: 9th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-07-14
  • Publisher: Westview Pr
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The ninth edition of this widely acclaimed text by Arthur Goldschmidt Jr. and Lawrence Davidson has been extensively revised to reflect the latest scholarship and the most recent events in the Middle East. As an introduction to the history of this turbulent region from the beginnings of Islam to the present day, the book is distinguished by its clear style, broad scope, and balanced treatment. It focuses on the evolution of Islamic institutions and culture, the influence of the West, the modernization efforts of Middle Eastern governments, the struggle of various peoples for political independence, the course of the Arab-Israeli conflict, the reassertion of Islamic values and power, the issues surrounding the Palestinian Question, and the roles of Iraq and Iran in the post-9/11 Middle East. Nine maps newly commissioned for the ninth edition highlight key aspects of Middle East history. Two popular study aids, the chronology and the glossary, have been extensively revised, and the superlative bibliographic essay, an essential guide to further reading, has been thoroughly rewritten to reflect current scholarship.

Author Biography

Lawrence Davidson is professor of history at West Chester University.

Table of Contents

Illustrationsp. xiii
Preface to the Ninth Editionp. xv
Introductionp. 1
What Is History?p. 2
Then and Now, There and Herep. 4
The Physical Settingp. 6
Some Descriptive Geographyp. 6
Conclusionp. 12
The Middle East Before Muhammadp. 13
Persia and Romep. 14
The Arabsp. 18
Conclusionp. 23
The Prophet of Meccap. 25
Muhammad's Early Lifep. 26
The Emigration (Hijra)p. 30
Aisha bint Abi-Bakrp. 36
Assessmentp. 37
What Is Islam?p. 39
Basic Beliefsp. 39
The Five Pillars of Islamp. 43
Conclusionp. 47
The Early Arab Conquestsp. 49
The Succession Issuep. 49
The Initial Conquestsp. 51
The Beginnings of Islamic Governmentp. 53
Dissension in the Ummap. 55
Changes in the Government of Islamp. 57
Mu'awiya ibn-abi-Sufyanp. 63
Conclusionp. 64
The High Caliphatep. 65
Restoration of the Umayyad Orderp. 67
The Downfall of the Umayyadsp. 70
The Abbasid Caliphatep. 71
Mamunp. 76
The Decline of the Abbasidsp. 77
Conclusionp. 78
Shiites and Turks, Crusaders and Mongolsp. 81
Shiite Islam in Powerp. 82
The Turksp. 87
The Crusadesp. 91
The Mongol Invasionp. 95
Hulegu Khanp. 97
Conclusionp. 98
Islamic Civilizationp. 99
The Rules and Laws of Islamp. 100
Development of Jurisprudencep. 100
Islamic Societyp. 106
Intellectual and Cultural Lifep. 111
Theologyp. 115
Conclusionp. 117
Ahmad ibn Hanbalp. 118
Firearms, Slaves, and Empiresp. 121
The Mamluksp. 122
The Mongol Il-Khanidsp. 126
Gunpowder Technologyp. 129
The Ottoman Empirep. 129
Orhanp. 133
Persia under the Safavidsp. 142
Conclusionp. 146
European Interests and Imperialismp. 147
Ottoman Weaknessp. 148
The Koprulu Family of Viziersp. 150
The European Powers and the Eastern Questionp. 151
Conclusionp. 157
Westernizing Reform in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 159
Egypt's Transformationp. 161
Westernization of the Ottoman Empirep. 165
Mustafa Reshid Pashap. 170
Persia under the Qajarsp. 171
Some Afterthoughtsp. 173
The Rise of Nationalismp. 177
Egyptian Nationalismp. 179
Ahmad Urabip. 185
Ottomanism, Pan-Islam, and Turkismp. 187
Nationalism in Persiap. 191
Conclusionp. 194
The Roots of Arab Bitternessp. 197
Arab Nationalismp. 197
World War Ip. 203
Faysal ibn al Husaynp. 209
The Postwar Peace Settlementp. 210
Conclusion and Summaryp. 213
Modernizing Rulers in the Independent Statesp. 215
Turkey: Phoenix from the Ashesp. 216
Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk)p. 227
From Persia to Iranp. 228
The Rise of Saudi Arabiap. 235
Conclusionp. 241
Egypt and the Fertile Crescent under European Controlp. 243
Egypt's Struggle for Independencep. 244
The Creation of New States in the Fertile Crescentp. 250
Phony Democracy and False Independencep. 255
World War IIp. 261
King Faruqp. 262
Postwar Egyptp. 263
Egypt's Era of Political Frustrationp. 264
Independence for Lebanon, Syria, and Iraqp. 267
Conclusionp. 268
The Contest for Palestinep. 271
Originsp. 271
Prefatory Remarksp. 273
The Beginnings of Political Zionismp. 275
Britain and the Palestine Problemp. 279
Amin al-Husaynip. 290
Conclusionp. 291
Israel's Rebirth and the Rise of Arab Nationalismp. 293
Israel's War for Independencep. 294
The War's Aftermathp. 297
The Arab Countriesp. 299
Israel's Early Yearsp. 306
Middle Eastern Oilp. 309
David Ben-Gurionp. 310
The Great Powers and the Arab Worldp. 311
Rising Arab-Israeli Tensionsp. 320
Conclusionp. 324
War and the Quest for Peacep. 327
The June 1967 Warp. 328
The Palestiniansp. 334
Abortive Peace Effortsp. 335
Political Changes: 1967-1970p. 337
Danger Signs in the Middle Eastp. 342
The October (Yom Kippur) Warp. 346
The War's Aftermathp. 349
Lebanon: The Arena for a New Arab Strugglep. 354
The Road to Camp Davidp. 357
Anwar al-Sadatp. 361
Conclusionp. 362
The Reassertion of Islamic Powerp. 365
Prefatory Remarks on Islam and Politicsp. 367
The Iranian Revolutionp. 368
Sayyid Ruhollah Musavi Khomeinip. 377
The Struggle for Gulf Supremacyp. 378
The Retreat from Camp Davidp. 383
Western Policy Formation and Islamic Polityp. 394
The Gulf War and the Peace Processp. 397
The Gulf Crisisp. 398
Operation Desert Stormp. 404
The Palestinians: Their Struggle and an Elusive Peacep. 406
Yasir Arafatp. 415
Whither Islam?p. 417
The War on Terrorismp. 421
The Present in Historical Perspectivep. 423
Survey of Terrorismp. 423
Osama bin Ladenp. 430
The Iraq Warp. 435
The Contest for Palestine (Redux)p. 442
A Parting Messagep. 451
Chronologyp. 455
Glossaryp. 471
Bibliographic Essayp. 503
Basic Statistics for Middle Eastern Countriesp. 534
How Many Palestinians?p. 536
Indexp. 537
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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