A Concise Introduction to Criminal Justice

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-01-16
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

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The "briefest of the brief," A Concise Introduction to Criminal Justice meets the demand for a more succinct examination of the criminal justice system in the United States, one that focuses almost exclusively on the police, courts, and corrections. Features of A Concise introduction to Criminal Justice: "Careers in Criminal Justice" provide students with relevant criminal justice career information presented by criminal justice professionals. A focus on the "myths" of criminal justice enables students to understand that much of what they "know" and the public "knows" about criminal justice is wrong or misunderstood. Critical-thinking questions and exercises allow students to develop the ability to ask critical questions about criminal justice so they can begin to think about viable solutions to the issues of today. Book jacket.

Table of Contents

The Foundations of Criminal Justicep. 1
Criminal Justice in the United States: An Overviewp. 3
Criminal Justice: An Institution of Social Controlp. 4
Crime and Criminal Lawp. 4
Criminal Justice: The Systemp. 5
Policep. 5
Courtsp. 5
Correctionsp. 9
Standards of Proof in Criminal Justicep. 11
Two Models of Criminal Justicep. 13
The Crime Control Modelp. 14
The Due Process Modelp. 15
Crime Control versus Due Processp. 16
Myths about Criminal Justicep. 17
Summaryp. 18
Key Termsp. 19
Review Questionsp. 19
In the Fieldp. 20
On the Netp. 20
Critical Thinking Exercisesp. 20
Law Enforcementp. 23
History and Structure of American Law Enforcementp. 25
The Limited Authority of American Law Enforcementp. 26
English Rootsp. 27
The Tithing Systemp. 27
The Constable-Watch Systemp. 28
The Bow Street Runnersp. 28
The London Metropolitan Policep. 28
The Development of American Law Enforcementp. 30
Early American Law Enforcementp. 30
Law Enforcement in the Citiesp. 30
Law Enforcement in the States and on the Frontierp. 33
Professionalism and Reformp. 35
Conflicting Rolesp. 36
Community Policingp. 37
The Structure of American Law Enforcementp. 38
Local Policing and Its Dutiesp. 40
County Law Enforcementp. 45
State Law Enforcementp. 47
Federal Law Enforcementp. 49
The Department of Homeland Securityp. 52
The War on Terrorism: A Preliminary Evaluationp. 58
American Private Securityp. 60
Private Security Officersp. 61
Reasons for Growthp. 62
Issues Involving Private Securityp. 62
Summaryp. 65
Key Termsp. 66
Review Questionsp. 66
In the Fieldp. 66
On the Netp. 67
Critical Thinking Exercisesp. 67
Policing: Rotes, Styles, Functions, and Legal Constraintsp. 69
Policing in Americap. 70
The Roles of the Policep. 70
Characteristics of Police Workp. 71
Operational Stylesp. 74
Police Functionsp. 76
Patrolp. 77
Investigationp. 81
Trafficp. 86
Drug Enforcementp. 86
Community Policingp. 93
The Philosophy and Components of Community Policingp. 95
Implementing Community Policingp. 97
Procedural Law and Policingp. 98
Summaryp. 109
Key Termsp. 110
Review Questionsp. 110
In the Fieldp. 110
On the Netp. 111
Critical Thinking Exercisesp. 111
Policing America: Issues and Ethicsp. 113
The Police and the Publicp. 114
Public Attitudes toward the Policep. 114
Police Recruitment and Selectionp. 117
Qualities of a Successful Police Officerp. 118
The Police Recruitment Processp. 119
Successful Recruiting Practicesp. 124
The Police Selection Processp. 125
The Selection of a Law Enforcement Executivep. 129
Issues in Policingp. 130
Discretionp. 130
Job Stressp. 135
Use of Forcep. 136
Police Corruptionp. 139
Terrorism and Homeland Securityp. 141
Definitions and Types of Terrorismp. 142
The Law Enforcement Response to Terrorismp. 144
How Prepared Is the United States to Defend Against Terrorism?p. 147
Summaryp. 148
Key Termsp. 149
Review Questionsp. 149
In the Fieldp. 149
On the Netp. 150
Critical Thinking Exercisesp. 150
The Courtsp. 151
The Administration of Justicep. 153
The American Court Structurep. 154
The Federal Courtsp. 154
The State Courtsp. 160
Purposes of Courtsp. 163
Key Actors in the Court Processp. 165
The Prosecutorp. 165
The Defense Attorneyp. 170
The Judgep. 177
Pretrial Stagesp. 179
Caseflow Managementp. 180
From Arrest Through Initial Appearancep. 181
Bail and Other Methods of Pretrial Releasep. 183
Informationp. 186
Preliminary Hearingp. 186
Grand Juryp. 187
Arraignmentp. 188
Plea Bargainingp. 188
The Criminal Trialp. 190
The Juryp. 191
The Trial Processp. 193
Trial Rightsp. 196
Miscarriages of Justicep. 198
Summaryp. 202
Key Termsp. 203
Review Questionsp. 204
In the Fieldp. 204
On the Netp. 204
Critical Thinking Exercisesp. 205
Sentencing, Appeals, and the Death Penaltyp. 207
Sentencingp. 208
The U.S. Constitution's Eighth Amendmentp. 209
Statutory Provisionsp. 210
Philosophical Rationalesp. 216
Organizational Considerationsp. 223
Presentence Investigation Reportsp. 223
Personal Characteristics of Judgesp. 224
Appealsp. 225
The Death Penaltyp. 225
A Brief History of the Death Penalty in the United Statesp. 225
Enter the Supreme Courtp. 226
The Procedural Reforms Approved in Greggp. 232
Prospects for the Futurep. 236
Summaryp. 242
Key Termsp. 243
Review Questionsp. 243
In the Fieldp. 243
On the Netp. 244
Critical Thinking Exercisesp. 244
Correctionsp. 245
Correctionsp. 247
Historical Overview of Institutional Correctionsp. 248
European Backgroundp. 248
Developments in the United Statesp. 250
The Incarceration Boomp. 255
Recent Trendsp. 256
Prison Inmate Characteristicsp. 260
Incarceration Facilitiesp. 262
Organization and Administration by Governmentp. 263
Classification and Other Special Facilitiesp. 263
Men's Prisonsp. 266
Women's Prisons and Cocorrectional Facilitiesp. 270
Jails and Lockupsp. 271
Institutional Security, Services, and Programsp. 278
Security and Inmate Disciplinep. 279
Services and Programsp. 281
Summaryp. 287
Key Termsp. 288
Review Questionsp. 288
In the Fieldp. 288
On the Netp. 289
Critical Thinking Exercisesp. 289
Prison Life, Inmate Rights, Release, and Recidivismp. 291
Living in Prisonp. 292
Inmate Societyp. 292
Lite in Women's Prisonsp. 297
Correctional Officersp. 299
Inmate Rights and Prison Reformp. 303
Access to the Courts and Legal Servicesp. 303
Procedural Due Process in Prisonp. 305
First Amendment Rightsp. 305
Eighth Amendment Rightsp. 306
Fourteenth Amendment Rightsp. 308
The Limits of Litigationp. 309
Release and Recidivismp. 310
Summaryp. 315
Key Termsp. 315
Review Questionsp. 316
In the Fieldp. 316
On the Netp. 316
Critical Thinking Exercisesp. 317
Community Correctionsp. 319
Community Corrections: Definition and Scopep. 320
Goals and Staff Rolesp. 320
The Importance of Community Correctionsp. 322
Probationp. 324
Historical Contexp. 325
Administrationp. 326
Process and Proceduresp. 326
Issues in Probationp. 333
Parolep. 335
Historical Contextp. 337
Administrationp. 337
Process and Proceduresp. 338
Parole Issuesp. 341
Intermediate Sanctionsp. 347
Intensive-Supervision Probation and Parole (ISP)p. 348
Day Reporting Centersp. 351
Structured Fines or Day Finesp. 351
Home Confinement and Electronic Monitoringp. 353
Halfway Housesp. 357
Temporary-Release Programsp. 361
Summaryp. 363
Key Termsp. 364
Review Questionsp. 364
In the Fieldp. 365
On the Netp. 365
Critical Thinking Exercisesp. 365
Juvenile Justicep. 367
Juvenile Justicep. 369
Historical Development of Juvenile Justicep. 370
The Development of Institutions for Youthsp. 371
The Development of the Juvenile Courtp. 374
The Processing of Juvenile Offendersp. 379
The Informal Juvenile Justice Processp. 379
The Formal Juvenile Justice Processp. 379
Correctional Programs for Juvenilesp. 394
Community-Based Correctional Programs for Juvenilesp. 394
Institutional Programs for Juvenilesp. 398
Summaryp. 405
Key Termsp. 406
Review Questionsp. 406
In the Fieldp. 406
On the Netp. 407
Critical Thinking Exercisesp. 407
Endnotesp. 408
Glossaryp. 422
Case Indexp. 431
Subject Indexp. 432
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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