Constitutional Law in a Nutshell

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-09-01
  • Publisher: West Group

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Provides you with a reliable guide to constitutional law. Expert authors summarize judicial review and its limits, national legislative powers, state power in American federalism, Congress and the executive power, due process of law; equal protection, freedom of expression and religion, state action, and congressional legislation in civil rights and liberties.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. V
Table of Casesp. XIX
Introduction: Constitutional Principlesp. 1
The Allocation of Powers
Judicial Review and Its Limitsp. 4
Foundations of Judicial Reviewp. 4
Review of Federal Actionsp. 5
Review of State Actionsp. 9
Foundations of Federal Jurisdictionp. 10
The Constitutional Basis of Federal Jurisdictionp. 10
Bases of Federal Court Jurisdictionp. 11
Statutory Forms of Reviewp. 16
Constitutional and Policy Limitations on Judicial Reviewp. 17
Constitutional Limitationsp. 18
The Bar of the Eleventh Amendmentp. 18
The "Case or Controversy" Requirementp. 25
Policy Limitationsp. 26
Specific Doctrines Limiting Judicial Reviewp. 28
Who May Litigate?-The Problem of Standingp. 29
Constitutional Requirements for Standingp. 29
Federal Taxpayer Standingp. 45
Citizen Standingp. 47
Third Party Standingp. 49
When Can Constitutional Litigation Be Brought? The Problem of Timingp. 53
Rule Against Mootnessp. 53
Ripeness, Prematurity, and Abstractnessp. 58
What Can Be Litigated? The Political Question Doctrinep. 61
National Legislative Powersp. 68
Scope of Congressional Powerp. 68
The Commerce Powerp. 72
Establishing the Foundationsp. 72
Using the Commerce Clause for Police Power Endsp. 74
The Stream of Commercep. 76
The Affectation Doctrinep. 78
The Taxing Powerp. 92
The Spending Powerp. 93
Intergovernmental Immunitiesp. 98
State Power in American Federalismp. 110
State Power to Regulate Commercep. 113
The Nature of the Powerp. 113
The Subject of the Regulation: The Cooley Doctrinep. 114
The Modern Approach: The Balancing of Interestsp. 115
Discrimination: Purpose, Means, Effectsp. 116
Undue Burdens-Ad Hoc Balancingp. 131
State as Market Participantp. 135
Interstate Privileges and Immunitiesp. 139
When Congress Speaksp. 144
Preemptionp. 144
Legitimizationp. 146
Congress and the Executive Powerp. 148
The Domestic Arenap. 151
Executive Lawmakingp. 151
Executive Impoundmentp. 153
Delegation, the Legislative Veto, and the Line Item Vetop. 155
Appointment and Removalp. 163
Separation of Powers Generallyp. 167
The Foreign Arenap. 168
Allocating the Foreign Relations Powerp. 169
Treaties and Executive Agreementsp. 171
Allocating the War Powerp. 175
Promoting Executive Responsibilityp. 177
Executive Privilegep. 177
Executive Immunityp. 180
Individual Rights and Liberties
Due Process of Lawp. 189
The Process of Incorporationp. 189
Substantive Due Processp. 192
Traditional Substantive Due Processp. 192
The Early Rise and Demise of Economic Due Processp. 193
Economic Regulation: Substantive Due Process Todayp. 198
The Takings Alternativep. 201
Substantive Due Process Revisited: Fundamental Personal Rightsp. 211
In Generalp. 211
Contraception, Abortion and Sodomyp. 215
Marital and Familial Rightsp. 238
Right to Care and Protectionp. 245
The Right to Refuse Treatmentp. 248
No Right to Assisted Suicidep. 250
Other Fundamental Rightsp. 253
Procedural Due Processp. 253
Life, Liberty and Property Interestsp. 254
Property Interestsp. 255
Liberty Interestsp. 257
The Process That Is Duep. 262
Equal Protectionp. 274
Traditional Equal Protectionp. 276
The New Equal Protectionp. 285
Classifying Traitsp. 285
Race and Ethnic Originsp. 293
Alienage: The "Sometimes Suspect" Classificationp. 320
Gender Classification: Intermediate Reviewp. 323
Illegitimacy Classification: Intermediate Reviewp. 337
Discrimination on the Basis of Sexual Preferencep. 340
Other Bases of Classificationp. 344
Fundamental Rightsp. 345
Interstate Travelp. 347
Marriage and Family Lifep. 351
Votingp. 352
Access to Justicep. 362
The Limits of Fundamental Rightsp. 368
Freedom of Expressionp. 373
The Basic Doctrinep. 373
The Rationale of Speech Protectionp. 373
A Doctrinal Overviewp. 376
Content Control v. Indirect Burdensp. 376
Vagueness and Overbreadthp. 382
The Doctrine of Prior Restraintp. 386
The Clear and Present Danger Doctrinep. 390
Symbolic Conductp. 396
Freedom of Association and Beliefp. 404
The Source of the Rightp. 404
Membership and Associational Actionp. 405
Group Registration and Disclosurep. 408
Public Benefits and Government Employmentp. 410
The Right Not to Associate-Compelled Speechp. 413
The Doctrine Appliedp. 423
Expression in the Local Forump. 423
Controlling Speech Content: Inciting, Provocative and Offensive Languagep. 424
Access to Public Property-The Public Forump. 435
Access to Private Propertyp. 447
Licensing, Permits and Injunctionsp. 452
Commercial Speechp. 455
From Valentine to Virginia Pharmacyp. 455
The Advent of the Central Hudson Testp. 458
Lawyer Advertisingp. 467
Defamation and Privacyp. 471
Rise of the Public Law of Defamationp. 471
The Modern Public Law of Defamationp. 474
Identifying the Public Figure Plaintiffp. 478
The Public Law of Privacyp. 480
Obscenity and Indecencyp. 485
Freedom of the Pressp. 505
Newsgatheringp. 506
Public Access to the Mediap. 514
Speech in the Electoral Processp. 522
Government-Funded Speechp. 539
Freedom of Religionp. 545
The Establishment Clausep. 546
Public Aid to Religionp. 548
Religion in the Schoolsp. 560
Establishment Outside the Schoolsp. 571
Free Exercise of Religionp. 582
State Actionp. 596
Introductionp. 596
Framing the State Action Doctrinep. 597
Finding State Actionp. 601
Public Functionsp. 602
Significant Involvement/Joint Participationp. 605
Encouragement, Authorization and Approvalp. 608
Congressional Legislation in Aid of Civil Rights and Libertiesp. 618
Sources of Congressional Powerp. 618
Enforcing the Thirteenth Amendmentp. 619
Enforcing the Fourteenth Amendmentp. 622
Congress' Remedial Powersp. 622
Congress' Substantive Powersp. 623
Reaching Private Conductp. 634
Enforcing the Fifteenth Amendmentp. 636
Indexp. 639
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