Constitutional Law : Principles and Practice

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-10-22
  • Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
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Unlike many texts on Constitutional Law, this book not only explains major legal principles and concepts but relates these concepts to the practical, everyday experiences of legal professionals as well as non-professionals. The book is appropriate for a variety of students, including legal studies, paralegal, pre-law and administration of justice students. The book discusses and explains major Supreme Court cases and provides examples of how these decisions impact law practice and daily lives. Selected cases, carefully edited for ease of reading, are included throughout the book. Each chapter begins with a hypothetical case illustrating a constitutional law problem then includes a related ethical dilemma for those working in a legal environment and ends with a feature entitled, "Putting It Into Practice", requiring students to complete an assignment of practical nature. The inclusion of key web sites also facilitates the practical application of many constitutional principles. Book jacket.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
Table of Casesp. xx
Introduction to Constitutional Lawp. 2
Chapter Outlinep. 2
Chapter Objectivesp. 3
Historical Backgroundp. 5
The United States Constitutionp. 13
The Constitution and Case Lawp. 14
How to Read a Supreme Court Casep. 15
The Constitution and Other Sources of U.S. Lawp. 21
Chapter Summaryp. 24
Key Termsp. 24
Key Sitesp. 24
Questions for Reviewp. 25
Questions for Analysisp. 25
Assignments and Projectsp. 26
Putting It into Practicep. 27
The Constitution and the Federal Government: An Overviewp. 28
Chapter Outlinep. 28
Chapter Objectivesp. 29
Federalismp. 30
Separation of Powers and Checks and Balancesp. 33
The Legislative Branch (Article I)p. 35
The Executive Branch (Article II)p. 39
The Judicial Branch (Article III)p. 43
The Judiciary Act of 1789p. 45
The Federal Court Systemp. 46
Chapter Summaryp. 51
Key Termsp. 51
Key Sitesp. 51
Questions for Reviewp. 52
Questions for Analysisp. 52
Assignments and Projectsp. 53
Putting It into Practicep. 53
Federal Judicial Powerp. 54
Chapter Outlinep. 54
Chapter Objectivesp. 55
Jurisdiction of the Federal Courtsp. 56
Case or Controversy: Justiciabilityp. 60
The Nature of Judicial Powerp. 69
Judicial Reviewp. 70
Sovereign Immunity and the Eleventh Amendmentp. 74
The Relationship between Federal and State Courtsp. 76
Chapter Summaryp. 78
Key Termsp. 79
Key Sitesp. 79
Questions for Reviewp. 80
Questions for Analysisp. 80
Assignments and Projectsp. 81
Putting It into Practicep. 81
Federal Legislative Powersp. 82
Chapter Outlinep. 82
Chapter Objectivesp. 83
The Legislative Power in Generalp. 84
Taxation and Spending Powersp. 87
Interstate Commerce Powerp. 91
War Powersp. 106
Fiscal Powersp. 107
Power to Investigatep. 108
Delegation of Congressional Powersp. 108
Chapter Summaryp. 110
Key Termsp. 110
Key Sitesp. 110
Questions for Reviewp. 111
Questions for Analysisp. 111
Assignments and Projectsp. 112
Putting It into Practicep. 113
Federal Executive Powerp. 114
Chapter Outlinep. 114
Chapter Objectivesp. 115
Executive Orders and Proclamationsp. 116
Express versus Inherent Powersp. 118
The President as Commander in Chiefp. 120
Treaties and Executive Agreementsp. 127
Appointment Powerp. 127
Power to Pardonp. 130
Executive Privilegep. 133
Executive Immunityp. 135
Impeachment of the Presidentp. 138
Chapter Summaryp. 141
Key Termsp. 141
Key Sitesp. 142
Questions for Reviewp. 142
Questions for Analysisp. 142
Assignments and Projectsp. 143
Putting It into Practicep. 143
State Powers and the Constitutionp. 144
Chapter Outlinep. 144
Chapter Objectivesp. 144
Federal Preemptionp. 146
Dormant Commerce Clausep. 155
State Tax Laws and Commercep. 162
Other Constitutional Challenges to State Lawsp. 166
Chapter Summaryp. 169
Key Termsp. 169
Key Sitesp. 169
Questions for Reviewp. 170
Questions for Analysisp. 170
Assignments and Projectsp. 171
Putting It into Practicep. 171
Constitutional Protections of Civil Rights and Libertiesp. 172
Chapter Outlinep. 172
Chapter Objectivesp. 173
Civil Rights and Liberties: Sources of Protectionsp. 174
The Bill of Rights and State Governmentp. 180
Due Process Clauses of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendmentsp. 186
The Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendmentp. 186
Privileges and Immunities Clause of the Fourteenth Amendmentp. 188
Congress and Civil Rights Legislationp. 190
Chapter Summaryp. 199
Key Termsp. 200
Key Sitesp. 200
Questions for Reviewp. 200
Questions for Analysisp. 201
Assignments and Projectsp. 201
Putting It into Practicep. 201
Equal Protectionp. 202
Chapter Outlinep. 202
Chapter Objectivesp. 203
Introductionp. 204
Classification versus Invidious Discriminationp. 204
Application of the Equal Protection Clause to State and Federal Governmentp. 206
How the Supreme Court Reviews Laws for Equal Protection Violationsp. 208
Violations of Equal Protection: Applying the Testsp. 215
Equal Protection and Voting Rightsp. 225
Remedies for Violations of Equal Protectionp. 229
Nonlegislative Remediesp. 236
Chapter Summaryp. 238
Key Termsp. 239
Key Sitesp. 239
Questions for Reviewp. 239
Questions for Analysisp. 240
Assignments and Projectsp. 240
Putting It into Practicep. 241
Due Processp. 242
Chapter Outlinep. 242
Chapter Objectivesp. 242
Due Process-An Overviewp. 2444
Substantive Due Processp. 250
Procedural Due Processp. 255
Chapter Summaryp. 270
Key Termsp. 271
Key Sitesp. 271
Questions for Reviewp. 272
Questions for Analysisp. 272
Assignments and Projectsp. 272
Putting It into Practicep. 273
Economic Freedom and Property Rightsp. 274
Chapter Outlinep. 274
Chapter Objectivesp. 275
Economic Due Processp. 276
The Fifth Amendment Takings Clausep. 284
The Contract Clausep. 295
Chapter Summaryp. 297
Key Termsp. 298
Key Sitesp. 298
Questions for Reviewp. 298
Questions for Analysisp. 299
Assignments and Projectsp. 299
Putting It into Practicep. 299
Freedom of Expressionp. 300
Chapter Outlinep. 300
Chapter Objectivesp. 301
Backgroundp. 302
Freedom of Speechp. 302
Peaceable Assembly and the Right to Petitionp. 333
Freedom of the Press-The Press Clause of the First Amendmentp. 339
Chapter Summaryp. 347
Key Termsp. 348
Key Sitesp. 348
Questions for Reviewp. 349
Questions for Analysisp. 349
Assignments and Projectsp. 349
Putting It into Practicep. 349
Freedom Of Religionp. 350
Chapter Outlinep. 350
Chapter Objectivesp. 351
Religious Protections of the First Amendmentp. 352
What Is Religion?p. 353
The Establishment Clausep. 359
Education and Religionp. 363
Financial Aid to Religionp. 366
The Free Exercise Clausep. 373
Chapter Summaryp. 377
Key Termsp. 378
Key Sitesp. 378
Questions for Reviewp. 379
Questions for Analysisp. 379
Assignments and Projectsp. 379
Putting It into Practicep. 379
The Right to Privacy Under the Due Process and Equal Protection Clausesp. 380
Chapter Outlinep. 380
Chapter Objectivesp. 381
The Right to Privacyp. 382
The Ninth Amendmentp. 382
The Right to Marryp. 387
The Right to Reproductive Freedomp. 388
Contraceptionp. 392
Abortion Rightsp. 398
Constitutional Protection for Sexual Acts and Sexual Orientationp. 412
The Right to Diep. 421
Chapter Summaryp. 425
Key Termsp. 426
Key Sitesp. 426
Questions for Reviewp. 426
Questions for Analysisp. 427
Assignments and Projectsp. 427
Putting It into Practicep. 427
Criminal Justice and the Constitutionp. 428
Chapter Outlinep. 428
Chapter Objectivesp. 428
The Exclusionary Rulep. 430
The Fourth Amendment: Search and Seizurep. 433
The Fifth Amendment: Self-Incrimination, Grand Jury, and Double Jeopardyp. 439
The Sixth Amendment: Right to Counsel and a Fair Trialp. 446
Eighth Amendment: Bail and Cruel and Unusual Punishmentp. 456
The Juvenile Justice Systemp. 462
Chapter Summaryp. 463
Key Termsp. 464
Key Sitesp. 465
Questions for Reviewp. 465
Questions for Analysisp. 465
Assignments and Projectsp. 466
Putting It into Practicep. 466
The Constitutionp. 467
Historical Documentsp. 485
Magna Cartap. 485
English Bill of Rightsp. 492
Articles of Confederationp. 496
Legal Documents-Constitutional Law and the Courtsp. 501
Application and Affidavit for Search Warrantp. 502
Petition for Writ of Certiorarip. 503
Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpusp. 511
Complaint Form-Department of Justice/Discrimination Claimp. 519
Civil Rights Complaint (Prisoners)p. 525
War Powers Resolution Actp. 531
Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpusp. 537
Clarence Darrow's Examination of W.J. Bryan in the Scopes Trialp. 546
Glossaryp. 553
Indexp. 561
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