9780130893260

Contemporary Ethnic Families in the United States Characteristics, Variations, and Dynamics

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780130893260

  • ISBN10:

    0130893269

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-04-05
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

Designed to increase readers' awareness of healthful family processes across and within ethnic households, this book features 45 accessible, non-technical articles on 9 substantive family-related issues. Organized by topics rather than ethnic groups, it features selections that examine the intersections of social class, age, sexual orientation, gender differences, and intragroup variations. It provides selections that are representative of the increasing "heterogeneity of diversity" of contemporary ethnic families in the U.S.Features representative articles on five ethnic groups--African-Americans (including African and Caribbean families); Latinos (including Cuban-Americans, Mexican-Americans, and Puerto Rican-Americans); Asian-Americans (including Korean-Americans, Japanese-Americans, Chinese-Americans, Filipino-Americans, Pacific Islanders, Vietnamese-Americans, Cambodian-Americans, Indian Americans, and Laotian-Americans); American Indians; and Middle Eastern Americans (including Arab-Americans and Muslim families). Explores the ethnic families' characteristics, variations, and dynamics in terms of socialization, gender roles, marriage and communication, parenting, work and discrimination, social class, violence and other family crises, separation and divorce, and family caregiving and aging.For professionals in healthcare and practitioners who work with ethnic families.

Author Biography

Nijole V. Benokraitis received her Ph.D. is sociology from the University of Texas, Austin. She is currently Professor of Sociology at the University of Baltimore. Dr. Benokraitis has authored, coauthored, edited, or coedited Feuds about Families: Conservative, Centrist, Liberal, and Feminist Perspectives; Subtle Sexism: Current Practices and Prospects for Change; Marriages and Families: Changes, Choices and Constraints (3d ed.); Modern Sexism: Blatant, Subtle, and Covert Discrimination (2d ed.); Seeing Ourselves: Classic, Contemporary and Cross-Cultural Readings in Sociology (5th ed.); and Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity: Action, Inaction, and Reaction. She is a member of the editorial board of Women and Criminal Justice, reviews manuscripts for several periodicals, and has published numerous journal articles in the areas of institutional racism, discrimination in government and higher education, and social policy. She has for some time served as a consultant in the areas of sex and race discrimination to women's commissions, business groups, colleges and universities, and state and federal government programs.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
Contributors xii
About the Editor xv
The Changing Ethnic Profile of U.S. Families in the Twenty-First Century
1(14)
Nijole V. Benokraitis
Socialization and Family Values
15(40)
Socialization Concerns in African American, American Indian, Asian American, and Latino Families
18(11)
Ross D. Parke
Raymond Buriel
African American Family Values
29(7)
Ramona W. Denby
Filipino American Culture and Family Values
36(7)
Pauline Agbayani-Siewart
Taiwanese American Family Values and Socialization
43(6)
Franklin Ng
Grandmother to Granddaughter: Learning to Be a Dakota Woman
49(6)
Angela Cavender Wilson
Gender Roles
55(38)
Behind, beside, in front of Him? Black Women Talk about Their Men
58(8)
Earl Ofari Hutchinson
Grappling with Changing Gender Roles in Dominican American Families
66(5)
Patricia R. Pessar
Appropriate Gender Roles in Vietnamese American Families
71(7)
Min Zhou
Carl L. Bankston III
Coping with Gender Role Strains in Korean American Families
78(5)
Moon H. Jo
To Be an Asian Indian Woman in America
83(10)
Monisha Das Gupta
Cohabitation, Marriage, and Intermarriage
93(34)
Black Couples and the ``Big C'': The Ring, the Ceremony, Forever
96(5)
Denene Millner
Nick Chiles
Asian Indian Marriages---Arranged, Semi-Arranged, or Based on Love?
101(4)
Johanna Lessinger
Changes in Marital Satisfaction in Three Generations of Mexican Americans
105(5)
Kyriakos S. Markides
Jan Roberts---Jolly
Laura A. Ray
Sue K. Hoppe
Laura Rudkin
Intermarriage and Ethnic Identity among Second-Generation Chinese and Korean Americans
110(10)
Nazli Kibria
Turkish American Intermarriage
120(7)
Barbara Bilge
Parenting
127(44)
Fathers' Child-Rearing Involvement in African American, Latino, and White Families
130(11)
John F. Toth Jr.
Xiaohe Xu
Parenting in Middle-Class Black Families
141(8)
Susan D. Toliver
Las Comandres as a Parenting Support System
149(7)
Rebecca A. Lopez
Perspectives of Asian American Parents with Gay and Lesbian Children
156(6)
Alice Y. Hom
Parenting and the Stress of Immigration among Jordanian Mothers
162(9)
Marianne Hattar-Pollara
Afaf I. Meleis
Work Experiences, Discrimination, and Family Life
171(46)
Some Benefits and Costs of Black Dual-Career Commuter Marriages
174(15)
Anita P. Jackson
Ronald P. Brown
Karen E. Patterson-Stewart
Chicanas in White-Collar Jobs: ``You Have to Prove Yourself More''
189(10)
Denise A. Segura
Struggling to Succeed: Haitians in South Florida
199(6)
Alex Stepick
Central American Workers: New Roles in a New Landscape
205(7)
Terry A. Repak
Family and Traditional Values: The Bedrock of Chinese American Business
212(5)
Bernard Wong
The Impact of Social Class
217(42)
Are Ethinic and White Middle Classes Booming?
220(6)
Alison Stein Wellner
Explaining Cuban American's Success
226(6)
Roberto Suro
Peurto Rican Migrants: Juggling Family and Work Roles
232(8)
Maura I. Toro-Morn
Living Poor: Family Life among Single Parent African American Women
240(11)
Robin L. Jarrett
Social Class, Interaction, and Perceptions about Other Ethnic Groups: The Case of Korean Americans
251(8)
Kyeyoung Park
Violence and Other Family Crises
259(48)
Risk-Taking Behavior among American Indian, Black, and White Adolescents
263(6)
Enid Gruber
Ralph J. DiClemente
Martin M. Anderson
Intergenerational Conflict, Acculturation, and Drug Use among Asian Indian Adolescents
269(10)
Gauri Bhattacharya
Eating Problems among African American, Latina, and White Women
279(10)
Becky W. Thompson
Domestic Violence in African American, Asian American, and Latino Communities
289(10)
Doris Williams Campbell
Beckie Masakim
Sara Torres
Mistreatment of Vietnamese Elderly by Their Families in the United States
299(8)
Quyen Kim Le
Marital Conflict, Divorce, and Remarriage
307(44)
Divorce and Iranian Immigrants' Attitudes about Gender Roles and Marriage
310(8)
Mohammadreza Hojat
Reza Shapurian
Danesh Foroughi
Habib Nayerahmadi
Mitra Farzaneh
Mahmood Shfieyan
Mohin Parsi
Seperation and Divorce in Brazilian Immigrant Families
318(4)
Maxine L. Margolis
Black Men and the Divorce Experience
322(9)
Erma Jean Lawson
Aaron Thompson
Divorce Mediation among Asian Americans
331(10)
Roger R. Wong
Latino Fathers and the Child Support Enforcement Experience
341(10)
Kimberly A. Folse
Grandparenting, Aging, and Family Caregiving
351(44)
Sixty-Five Plus in the United States
354(6)
Robert Bernstein
Intergenerational Assistance within the Mexican American Family
360(8)
Tracy L. Dietz
Elder Care in Pueblo Indian Families
368(10)
Catherine Hagan Hennessy
Robert John
Black Grandmothers Raising Their Grandchildren
378(7)
Antoinette Y. Rodgers-Farmer
Rosa L. Jones
Variations in Asian Grandparenting
385(10)
Yoshinori Kamo
Internet Resources 395(5)
Photo Credits 400

Excerpts

PrefaceThe proportion of ethnic minority families in the United States is growing at a breathtaking pace. By 2025, according to Census Bureau projections, 62 percent of the U.S. population will be white, down from 76 percent in 1990 and 86 percent in 1950 (see Reading 1). The increasing cultural, racial, and ethnic diversity of U.S. families is generating much interest among scholars, journalists, politicians, and students. During the mid-1980s, "Racial and Ethnic Relations" courses often were canceled because of low enrollments, but a decade later, classes were overflowing. During end-of-semester course evaluations, moreover, a number of students offered (unsolicited) comments like "I never realized I stereotyped until I took this course" or "This course should be required forallUniversity of Baltimore students because we don't know very much about our classmates and coworkers."Such remarks were gratifying, of course, but despite many students' enthusiastic reactions, I felt frustrated when choosing textbooks--for several reasons. First, although there are several excellent race and ethnic textbooks on the market, they typically offer scope rather than depth because it's nearly impossible to provide both.Second, when I searched for edited volumes that would provide the depth I wanted, I discovered several shortcomings. The books typically devoted much space to European American families, but I wanted more coverage of ethnic minority families. The books tended to focus on low-socioeconomic households--especially those in black and Latino communities--but I was interested in increasing students' awareness of healthful family processes across and within ethnic households, whether poor, middle-class, or affluent. And all of the anthologies failed to recognize what I call the "heterogeneity of diversity" of U.S. families. For example, in 1990 Chinese, Filipinos, and Japanese ranked as the largest Asian American groups, but Southeast Asians, Indians, Koreans, and Pakistanis have been registering much faster growth. Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans have been the dominant groups among Latinos, but their growth rate, too, is being outpaced by immigration from Central and South American countries such as El Salvador, Guatemala, and Brazil. Similarly, we rarely read or hear about the influx of Middle Eastern or Caribbean families. Ignoring many of the relatively small ethnic groups gives a skewed picture of diversity and increases the invisibility of significant numbers of U.S. households.Third, many of the edited volumes focus on demographic characteristics, migration patterns, and the history of the immigrants' country of origin. I wanted students to learn more aboutfamiliesandfamily processes--how ethnic families interact on a daily basis, cope with difficulties, and adjust to a new environment. Selections that emphasize historical backgrounds do not capture recent intergenerational changes.Fourth, I found that many of the anthologies contained articles based on 1970s and 1980s data. Although there is nothing wrong with using older selections when necessary, ethnic families changed considerably--demographically and culturally--during the 1990s. Purpose of the BookContemporary Ethnic Families in the United Stateswill broaden students' awareness of the increasing heterogeneity of diversity in U.S. society. This anthology provides representative articles about African Americans; families with Latino roots (including Mexican Americans, Central Americans, and Latin Americans); Caribbean families; families from East Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia; and families from the Mideast. I would have liked to include selections about many of the subgroups within each major ethnic group (such as Laotian Americans for Southeast Asian families) and for each of the topics I cover. But substantive articles are

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