Corrections in the 21st Century

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-01-10
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
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Corrections in the 21st Century uses a practical approach to introduce students to the ideas and practices characteristic of modern corrections while equipping them with the skills necessary to succeed in the field. Its approach to corrections includes a thorough description of correctional ideology, a comprehensive overview of correctional practice, and the development of personal skills applicable to the corrections field. The text's central theme throughout is professionalism in corrections. The new edition features enhanced coverage on the goals of punishment, restorative and retributive justice, the impact of terrorism on facility management, prison and sentencing reform, professional credentialing, capital punishment, and much more

Table of Contents

Introduction To Corrections
Corrections: An Overview
Punishments: A Brief History
Sentencing: To Punish or to Reform?
Community Corrections
Diversion and Probation: How Most Offenders Are Punished
Intermediate Sanctions: Between Probation and Incarceration
Institutional Corrections
Jails: Way Stations Along the Justice Highway
Prisons Today: Change Stations or Warehouses?
Parole: Early Release and Reentry
The Prison World
The Staff World: Managing the Prison Population
The Inmate World: Living Behind Bars
The Legal World: Prisoners' Rights
Special Prison Populations: Prisoners Who Are Elderly, Mentally Challenged, and Who Have HIV/AIDS
Issues In Corrections
Prison Issues and Concerns: Security, Privatization, Technology, and Accreditation
The Victim: Helping Those in Need
Death: The Ultimate Sanction
Juvenile Corrections: End of an Era?
Professionalism in Corrections
Appendix: Careers in Corrections Endnotes
Case Index
Subject Index
Detailed Contents Boxed Features
Preface A Guided Tour Part 1. Introduction To Corrections
Corrections: An Overview
The Corrections Explosion Historical Roots of the Corrections Explosion Correctional
Employment Crime and Corrections Measuring Crime
The Crime Funnel Corrections and the Criminal Justice System Entering the Correctional System
Prosecution and Pretrial Procedure Judicial Procedures Sentencing and Sanctions
The Correctional Subsystem Professionalism in Corrections Standards and Training Basic Skills and Knowledge Standard-Setting Organizations
Education Social Diversity in Corrections Review and Applications Reflections on the Future: Does Corrections Need to Look Ahead?
Summary Key Terms Questions for Review Thinking Critically About Corrections On-the-Job Decision Making Live Links
Punishments: A Brief History Punishments in Ancient Times Ancient Greece Ancient
Israel Early Rome Physical Punishments Flogging Branding Mutilation Instant Death Lingering Death
The Role of Torture Exile and Transportation Public Humiliation Confinement Incarceration as Punishment
The House of Correction (1550–1700)
The Emergence of the Prison
The Reformers William
Howard Cesare Beccaria Jeremy Bentham Sir Samuel Romilly Sir Robert Peel Elizabeth
Harris Sanford Bates
Review and Applications Reflections on the Future: Restorative Justice Summary Key Terms Questions for Review Thinking Critically About Corrections On-the-Job Decision MakingLive Links
Sentencing: To Punish or to Reform? Sentencing: Philosophy and Goals Philosophy of Criminal Sentencing
The Goals of Sentencing Sentencing Options and Types of Sentences Options Types of Sentences Sentencing Models
Indeterminate Sentencing Determinate Sentencing Guideline Sentencing Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Three-Strikes Models—Washington and California
Impact on Local Courts and Jails Impact on State Prison Systems Issues in Sentencing Proportionality Equity Social Debt Truth in Sentencing Broader Issues Review and Applications Reflections on the Future: America's Sentencing Future
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