9780375761812

Cracking the SAT II: Biology E/M, 2001-2002 Edition

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780375761812

  • ISBN10:

    0375761810

  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 2001-03-01
  • Publisher: Princeton Review
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Summary

The Princeton Review realizes that acing the SAT II: Biology E/M exam is very different from getting straight As in school. They don't try to teach students everything there is to know about biology--only what they'll need to score higher on the exam.There's a big difference. InCracking the SAT II: Biology E/M, The Princeton Review will teach test takers how to think like the test makers and: * Score higher by reviewing key biology concepts * Earn more points by becoming familiar with the format of the test * Safeguard against test traps that can lower scores * Perfect skills by practicing review questions in each chapter *** This book includes 2 full-length simulated SAT II: Biology E/M exams. All of the sample test questions are just like the ones test takers will see on the actual exam, and every solution is fully explained. Contents Include: I Introduction Point 1: Approaching the Test Strategically Point 2: Teaching You the Biology You Need to Know to do Well on the Exam II The Exam Format, Question Types, and Strategies The Format Classification Questions Five-Choice Questions Laboratory Five-Choice Questions Strategy 1: Study the Right Stuff the Right Way Strategy 2: Practice the Right Stuff at the Right Time Strategy 3: Easy Stuff First Strategy 4: Take a Guess, but Guess Smart Strategy 5: Choosing the "Wrong" Answer--Least/Except/Not Questions Strategy 6: I, II, III--You're Out! Strategy 7: Avoid the Camouflage Trap Strategy 8: Avoiding the Temptation Trap--Predict an Answer Strategy Summary Special Tips for Laboratory Five-Choice Questions III Cracking Cellular and Molecular Biology Biologically Important Macromolecule #1: Protein Biologically Important Macromolecule #2: Carbohydrate Biologically Important Macromolecule #3: Lipid Biologically Important Macromolecule #4: Nucleic Acid Eukaryotic Cell Structure What Goes On in the Cytoplasm: Chemical Reactions and Enzymes Time to Talk about Cellular Respiration Glycolysis The Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex (PDC) The Krebs Cycle Electron Transport and Oxidative Phosphorylation What Happens if Oxygen is NOT Available? DNA Replicates Itself Chromosomes How chromosomes Govern Protein Synthesis: Transcription and Translation More About Translation How Translation Works, Part 1: tRNA How Translation Works, Part 2: The Ribosome How a Whole Cell Reproduces Itself: Mitosis IV Cracking Genetics Remember Why Chromosomes are Important The Formation of Gametes: Meiosis Let's Get Back to Genetics Phenotype and Genes Mating and Crossing Punnett Squares Sex and Sex-Linked Traits Pedigree Analysis V Cracking Evolution and Diversity The Origin of Life Evolution Getting Organized: Phylogeny Kingdom Monera Kingdom Protista Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Animalia VI Cracking the Structure and Functions of Organisms Control of the Body, Part 1--The Nervous System Control of the Body, Part 2--The Endocrine System Transport Within the Body--The Circulatory System Blood Typing The Heart Ventilation and Gas Exchange Body Processing, Part 1--The Digestive System Body Processing, Part 2-- The Urinary system Support and Protection of the Body, Part 1--The Skeletal System Support and Protection of the Body, Part 2--The Muscular System Support and Protection of the Body, Part 3--The Skin Reproduction and Development, Part 1--The Male System Reproduction and Development, Part 2--The Female System Reproduction and Development, Part 3--Fertilization, Embryology, and Fetal Development The Structures and Functions of Plants Behavior, Learning, and Coexistence The Structures and Functions of Microorganisms VII Cracking Ecology What is a Population? What is a Co

Author Biography

<b>Judene Wright </b>holds a master's degree in physiology and biophysics from the University of California, Irvine, and a bachelor's degree in animal physiology from the University of California, San Diego. Judene is a senior lecturer in biology with The Princeton Review, and is the senior biology developer and editor for The Princeton Review Hyperlearning medical-based preparatory courses (MCAT, DAT, OAT, and MedStart). She has developed The Princeton Review SAT II Biology E/M preparatory course, and is also involved in training new instructors for The Princeton Review. She also teaches anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry at several universities and community colleges in California.

Table of Contents

Introduction
1(6)
Approaching the Test Strategically
2(1)
Teaching You the Biology You Neeed to Know to do Well on the Exam
3(4)
The Exam Format, Question Types, and Strategies
7(16)
The Format
7(1)
Classification Questions
8(1)
Five-Choice Questions
9(2)
Laboratory Five-Choice Questions
11(1)
Study the Right Stuff in the Right Way
12(1)
Practice the Right Stuff at the Right Time
13(1)
Easy Stuff First
14(1)
Take a Guess, but Guess Smart
14(1)
Chossing the ``Wrong'' Answer --- Least/Except/Not Questions
15(1)
I, II, III --- You're Out!
15(1)
Avoid the Camouflage Trap
16(1)
Avoiding the Temptation Trap---Predict an Answer
17(4)
Summary
21(1)
Special Tips for Laboratory Five-Choice Questions
22(1)
Cracking Cellular and Molecular Biology
23(62)
Biologically Important Macromolecule #1: Protein
25(4)
Biologically Important Macromolecule #2: Carbohydrate
29(3)
Biologically Important Macromolecule #3: Lipid
32(5)
Biologically Important Macromolecule #4: Nucleic Acid
37(5)
Eukaryotic Cell Structure
42(10)
What Goes On in the Cytoplasm: Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
52(2)
Time to Talk about Cellular Respiration
54(2)
Glycolysis
56(1)
The Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex (PDC)
57(1)
The Krebs Cycle
58(2)
Electron Transport and Oxidative Phosphorylation
60(4)
What Happens if Oxygen is NOT Available?
64(1)
DNA Replicates Itself
65(2)
Chromosomes
67(2)
How Chromosomes Govern Protein Synthesis: Transcription and Translation More About Translation
69(5)
How Translation Works, Part 1: tRNA
74(1)
How Translation Works, Part 2: The Ribosome
75(4)
How a Whole Cell Reproduces Itself: Mitosis
79(6)
Cracking Genetics
85(30)
Remeber Why Chromosomes are Important: They Contain Genes
85(1)
The Formation of Gametes: Meiosis
86(8)
Let's Go Back to Genetics
94(1)
Phenotype and Genes
95(3)
Mating and Crossing: Predicting the Offsprings' Phenotypes and Genotypes
98(3)
Punnett Squares
101(5)
Sex and Sex-Linked Traits
106(4)
Pedigree Analysis
110(5)
Cracking Evolution and Diversity
115(18)
The Origin of Life
116(1)
Evolution
117(5)
Getting Organized: Phylogeny
122(2)
Kingdom Monera
124(1)
Kingdom Protista
125(1)
Kingdom Plantae
126(2)
Kingdom Fungi
128(1)
Kingdom Animalia
128(5)
Cracking the Structures and Functions of Organisms
133(88)
Control of the Body, Part 1 --- The Nervous System
134(12)
Control of the Body, Part 2 --- The Endocrine System
146(10)
Transport Within the Body --- The Circulatory System
156(2)
Blood Typing
158(7)
The Heart
165(3)
Ventilation and Gas Exchange---The Respiratory System
168(7)
Body Processing, Part 1 --- The Digestive System
175(8)
Body Processing, Part 2 --- The Urinary System
183(5)
Support and Protection of the Body, Part 1 --- The Skeletal System
188(1)
Support and Protection of the Body, Part 2 --- The Muscular System
189(3)
Support and Protection of the Body, Part 3 --- The Skin
192(4)
Reproduction and Development, Part 1 --- The Male System
196(1)
Reproduction and Development, Part 2 --- The Female System
197(3)
Reproduction and Development, Part 3 --- Fertilization, Embryology, and Fetal Development
200(4)
The Structures and Functions of Plants
204(8)
Behavior, Learning, and Coexistence
212(5)
The Structures and Functions of Microorganisms
217(4)
Cracking Ecology
221(18)
What is a Population?
222(2)
What is a Community?
224(2)
More about the Community --- Who's Who
226(3)
Let's Talk about Ecological Succession
229(1)
Getting Bigger --- The Ecosystem
230(1)
What Goes Around Comes Around --- Nutrient Cycles
230(3)
Getting Bigger Again --- Biomes
233(6)
The Princeton Review SAT II: Biology E/M Subject Test/A
239(20)
Explanations for the SAT II: Biology E/M Subject Test/A
259(12)
The Princeton Review SAT II: Biology E/M Subject Test/B
271(24)
Explanations for the SAT II: Biology E/M Subject Test/B
295(16)
Answers to In-Chapter Questions
311

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