Creativity : Understanding Innovation in Problem Solving, Science, Invention, and the Arts

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  • Format: eBook
  • Copyright: 2006-06-01
  • Publisher: Wiley
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How cognitive psychology explains human creativity Conventional wisdom holds that creativity is a mysterious quality present in a select few individuals. The rest of us, the common view goes, can only stand in awe of great creative achievements: we could never paint Guernica or devise the structure of the DNA molecule because we lack access to the rarified thoughts and inspirations that bless geniuses like Picasso or Watson and Crick. Presented with this view, today's cognitive psychologists largely differ finding instead that "ordinary" people employ the same creative thought processes as the greats. Though used and developed differently by different people, creativity can and should be studied as a positive psychological feature shared by all humans.Creativity: Understanding Innovation in Problem Solving, Science, Invention, and the Arts presents the major psychological theories of creativity and illustrates important concepts with vibrant and detailed case studies that exemplify how to study creative acts with scientific rigor.Creativity includes: Two in-depth case studies-Watson and Crick's modeling of the DNA structure and Picasso's painting of Guernica- serve as examples throughout the text Methods used by psychologists to study the multiple facets of creativity The "ordinary thinking" or cognitive view of creativity and its challengers How problem-solving and experience relate to creative thinking Genius and madness and the relationship between creativity and psychopathology The possible role of the unconscious in creativity Psychometrics-testing for creativity and how personality factors affect creativity Confluence theories that use cognitive, personality, environmental, and other components to describe creativity Clearly and engagingly written by noted creativity expert Robert Weisberg, Creativity: Understanding Innovation in Problem Solving, Science, Invention, and the Arts takes both students and lay readers on an in-depth journey through contemporary cognitive psychology, showing how the discipline understands one of the most fundamental and fascinating human abilities."This book will be a hit. It fills a large gap in the literature. It is a well-written, scholarly, balanced, and engaging book that will be enjoyed by students and faculty alike." -David Goldstein, University of Toronto

Table of Contents

Two Case Studies in Creativity
Beliefs about Creativity
Two Case Studies in Creativity
Creativity in Science: Discovery of the Double Helix
Conclusions: Watson and Crick's Discovery of the Double Helix
Artistic Creativity: Development of Picasso's Guernica
Structure in Creative Thinking: Conclusions from the Case Studies
Revisiting the Question of Artistic Creativity versus Scientific Discovery
Beyond Case Studies: Outline of the Book
The Study of Creativity
Outline of the Chapter
Creative Product, Creative Process, and Creative Person: Questions of Definition
Method versus Theory in the Study of Creativity
Methods of Studying Creativity
An Introduction to Theories of Creativity
The Cognitive Perspective on Creativity
Ordinary Thinking, Creative Thinking, and Problem Solving
Outline of the Chapter
Basic Cognitive Components of Ordinary Thinking
General Characteristics of Ordinary Thinking
Creative Thinking and Ordinary Thinking: Conclusions
The Cognitive Analysis of Problem Solving
An Example of Problem Solving
Solving a Problem: Questions of Definition
A Brief History of the Cognitive Perspective on Problem Solving
Problem Solving: Processes of Understanding and Search
Strategies for Searching Problem Spaces
Weak Heuristic Methods of Problem Solving and Creative Thinking: Conclusions
The Cognitive Perspective on Creativity
Knowledge and Expertise in Problem Solving
Outline of the Chapter
Use of Knowledge in Problem Solving: Studies of Analogical Transfer
Strong Methods in Problem Solving: Studies of Expertise
Outline of a Cognitive- Analytic Model of Problem Solving: Strong and Weak Methods in Problem Solving
The Cognitive Perspective on Problem Solving and Creativity: Conclusions and Implications
The Creative Cognition Approach: A Bottom- Up Analysis of Creative Thinking
Skepticism about Expertise and Creativity
Practice or Talent?
Expertise and Achievement: Reproductive or Productive?
Expertise, Knowledge, and Experience versus Creativity: The Tension View
The Cognitive Perspective on Problem Solving and Creativity: Conclusions
Case Studies of Creativity: Ordinary Thinking in the Arts, Science, and Invention
Outline of the Chapter
Basic Components of Ordinary Thinking
The 10- Year Rule in Creative Development
Case Studies of Creativity in the Visual Arts
Case Studies of Creativity in Science
Scientific Creativity: Scientific Discovery as Problem Solving
The Wright Brothers' Invention of the Airplane
Thomas Edison as a Creative Thinker: Themes and Variations Based on Analogy
James Watt's Invention of the Steam Engine
Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin
Ordinary Thinking in Invention: Summary
Case Studies of Creativity: Conclusions
The Question of Insight in Problem Solving
Outline of the Chapter
The Gestalt Analysis of Insight: Problem Solving and Perception
Evidence to Support the Gestalt View
The Neo- Gestalt View: Heuristic- Based Restructuring in Response to Impasse
Challenges to the Gestalt View
An Elaboration of the Cognitive- Analytic Model to Deal with Restructuring and Insight
A Critical Reexamination of Evidence in Support of the Gestalt View
Insight in Problem Solving: Conclusions and Implications
Out of One's Mind
Muses, Primary Proces
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