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9781583605097

Crime Prevention : Approaches, Practices and Evaluations

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781583605097

  • ISBN10:

    1583605096

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-10-30
  • Publisher: Lexis Nexis Matthew Bender
  • View Upgraded Edition

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Table of Contents

Crime and the Fear of Crimep. 1
The Problem of Crime in Societyp. 1
Official Measures of Crimep. 2
Measuring Victimizationp. 4
The Fear of Crimep. 7
Defining and Measuring Fearp. 7
Fear and Victimizationp. 10
Fear and Demographicsp. 10
Explaining the Divergent Findingsp. 11
Fear Summaryp. 14
Summaryp. 14
A Crime Prevention Modelp. 15
Crime Prevention Through the Agesp. 15
Summaryp. 18
Defining Crime Preventionp. 19
The Crime Prevention Modelp. 19
Primary Crime Preventionp. 20
Secondary Crime Preventionp. 20
Tertiary Crime Preventionp. 22
Alternate Modelsp. 22
An Overview of the Bookp. 23
Primary Preventionp. 25
The Physical Environment and Crimep. 27
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Designp. 27
Physical Design Features in Crime Preventionp. 28
Access Controlp. 29
Surveillancep. 30
Activity Support and Motivation Reinforcementp. 30
The Impact of Physical Designp. 31
The Effects of Individual Factorsp. 32
Residential Crime Prevention Programs--Physical Designp. 39
Cpted in a Commercial Areap. 41
Summaryp. 42
Incivility, Disorder, and Crimep. 42
Summaryp. 44
Neighborhood Crime Preventionp. 47
Types of Neighborhood Crime Prevention Approachesp. 49
Neighborhood/Block Watchp. 49
Community Anti-Drug Programsp. 52
Citizen Patrolsp. 52
Police-Community Involvementp. 53
Evaluation of Neighborhood Crime Preventionp. 53
Effects on Community Cohesionp. 54
Effects on Crimep. 55
Community Anti-Drug Programsp. 59
Citizen Patrolsp. 61
Neighborhood Crime Prevention and Fear of Crimep. 62
Additional Evaluation Issuesp. 63
Citizen Participation and Supportp. 65
Who Participates?p. 65
Organizing Neighborhood Crime Preventionp. 67
Summaryp. 70
Chapter Summaryp. 70
Displacement and Diffusionp. 73
Crime Displacementp. 73
Types of Displacementp. 74
Assumptionsp. 75
Displacement: Benign or Malign?p. 76
Diffusionp. 76
Offender Choice and Mobilityp. 77
Routine Activitiesp. 78
Rational Choicep. 79
Crime Pattern Theoryp. 82
Summaryp. 84
Evidence of Displacement and Diffusionp. 85
Displacement Effectsp. 85
Diffusion Effectsp. 89
Implications of Displacement and Diffusionp. 90
The Mass Media and Crime Preventionp. 91
The Media and Crimep. 91
The Level of Reported Crimep. 92
Media Accounts and Actual Crimep. 92
Does the Media Cause Crime and Fear?p. 93
Mass Media Crime Prevention Activitiesp. 97
"Taking A Bite Out of Crime"p. 97
Other Campaignsp. 100
Crime Newslettersp. 101
Information Linesp. 103
Crime-Time Televisionp. 105
The Media's Responsibility for Crime Preventionp. 106
Summaryp. 107
General Deterrencep. 109
Deterrencep. 109
General and Specific Deterrencep. 109
Requirements for Deterrencep. 111
The Deterrent Effect of Legal Sanctionsp. 112
Cross-Sectional Analysesp. 112
Longitudinal Researchp. 115
Summaryp. 118
Perceptions and Deterrencep. 119
Perceived Certaintyp. 119
Perceived Severityp. 121
Combined Deterrence Factorsp. 122
Summaryp. 123
Secondary Preventionp. 125
Prediction for Secondary Preventionp. 127
Predicting Future Offendingp. 127
Types of Predictionp. 128
Risk Factors and Predictionp. 134
Family Factorsp. 135
Peer Factorsp. 136
Community Influences on Behaviorp. 136
Psychological/Personality Factorsp. 137
Biological Risk Factorsp. 137
Using Risk Factors as Predictorsp. 137
Predicting Places and Eventsp. 139
Hot Spots for Crimep. 139
Repeat Victimizationp. 141
Summaryp. 143
Implications for Crime Preventionp. 144
Situational Crime Preventionp. 145
The Growth of Situational Preventionp. 145
The Theoretical Basisp. 146
The Process of Situational Preventionp. 148
Clarke's Initial Situational Typologyp. 148
An Expanded Typologyp. 150
Unresolved Issuesp. 153
Situational Prevention Studiesp. 155
Studies of Transit System Fare Avoidancep. 155
Vandalism and Crime on Public Transportp. 156
Motor Vehicle Theftp. 157
Other Theft Offensesp. 158
Targeting Revictimizationp. 159
Summaryp. 159
Community Policingp. 161
What is Community Policing?p. 161
Precursors to Community Policingp. 162
Community Policingp. 163
Problem Identificationp. 167
Community Policing Programsp. 168
Civil Abatementp. 169
"Weed and Seed" Programsp. 170
Chicago's Alternative Police Strategyp. 172
"Innovative Neighborhood-Oriented Policing"p. 172
A Child Development-Community Policing Programp. 173
Problems and Concernsp. 174
Summaryp. 175
Drugs, Crime, and Crime Preventionp. 177
The Scope of Drug Usep. 178
Self-Reported Drug Usep. 178
Drug Use Among Offending Populationsp. 183
Summaryp. 185
The Drugs-Crime Connectionp. 185
Interventions and Preventionp. 188
Law Enforcement Effortsp. 189
Treatment of Drug Usersp. 190
Prevention Programsp. 193
Drugs and Crime Preventionp. 196
The School and Crime Preventionp. 197
Theoretical Viewsp. 197
Educational Factors and Delinquencyp. 199
IQ and Delinquencyp. 199
School Practices and Delinquencyp. 200
Victimization and Fear in Schoolp. 201
Summaryp. 203
School Programs for Delinquency Preventionp. 203
Preschool Programsp. 204
Elementary and High School Programsp. 206
Alternative Schoolsp. 210
Academic, Vocational, and Employment Programsp. 211
The Future of School/Educational Programs in Crime Preventionp. 213
Tertiary Preventionp. 215
Specific Deterrence and Incapacitationp. 217
The Specific Deterrent Effect of Criminal Sanctionsp. 218
Studies of Imprisonmentp. 218
Alternate Studies of Specific Deterrencep. 220
Summaryp. 223
Incapacitationp. 223
Assumptionsp. 224
Collective Incapacitationp. 224
The Costs of Collective Incapacitationp. 226
Selective Incapacitationp. 227
Future Implicationsp. 229
Electronic Monitoring and Home Confinementp. 231
The Growth of Home Confinementp. 231
The Beginnings of Electronic Monitoringp. 233
EMS Systemsp. 233
Expectations for EMSp. 235
EMS Programs and Evaluationp. 235
The Use of EMSp. 236
Eligibility Criteriap. 236
Offender Success on EMSp. 237
EMS and Institutional Overcrowdingp. 239
Costs of Electronic Monitoringp. 240
Other Client Impactsp. 241
Problems and Concernsp. 241
Operational Problemsp. 242
Net-Wideningp. 242
Legal Considerationsp. 243
Other Concernsp. 244
The Future of Electronic Monitoringp. 245
Rehabilitationp. 247
The "What Works?" Argumentp. 247
Subsequent Analysesp. 248
Alternative Outcome Measuresp. 249
Levels of Evaluationp. 250
Summaryp. 251
Evaluations of Recent Rehabilitation Programsp. 251
Intensive Supervisionp. 251
Restitutionp. 254
Boot Campsp. 255
Privatization in Correctionsp. 257
Assessing Rehabilitation and Crime Preventionp. 259
Some Closing Thoughts on Crime Prevention and the Futurep. 261
The State of the Evidencep. 261
Improving Our Knowledgep. 263
Recognizing the Diversity in Crime Preventionp. 265
Summaryp. 266
Referencesp. 267
Name Indexp. 315
Subject Indexp. 323
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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