9780205359479

Criminal Investigation : An Analytical Perspective

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780205359479

  • ISBN10:

    0205359477

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-01-01
  • Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
  • View Upgraded Edition

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Summary

";Several recent studies show that police chiefs think that new recruits who come out of college programs do not have the critical thinking skills that they reasonably should have as a result of their college experience. College students should be able to think, and think critically, about important issues and problems in criminal justice and, in particular, criminal investigation. Police work and criminal investigations are more complicated now than ever. The work requires that individuals have a solid understanding of what it is that they are expected to do, and the problems and pitfalls with this work. In particular, individuals who enter police work should have a critical understanding of evidence, the strengths and weaknesses of different forms of evidence, and how different types of evidence can be used to establish proof. This knowledge represents a necessary foundation for the study of criminal evidence and investigation, and they can get this knowledge from my book."; -Steven G. Brandl

Table of Contents

Preface x
Acknowledgments xii
CHAPTER 1 THE INVESTIGATION OF CRIME 1(27)
Objectives
1(1)
Important Terms
1(1)
Introduction
2(2)
Criminal Investigation and Evidence Defined
4(2)
Types of Criminal Investigations
6(1)
Information Theory and the Criminal Investigation Process
7(1)
The Role of Chance, Accident, and Discovery in Criminal Investigations
7(2)
The Role of Logic, Analysis, and Inference in Criminal Investigations
9(2)
Criminal Investigation in the Context of the Criminal Justice System
11(6)
Levels of Investigation
17(9)
Questions for Discussion and Review
26(1)
Related Internet Sites
27(1)
Answers to Logic Problems
27(1)
CHAPTER 2 THE HISTORY OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION 28(22)
Objectives
28(1)
Important Terms
29(1)
Introduction
29(3)
The Importance of History in Understanding the Present and the Future
32(1)
The Evolution of the Investigative Task: English Developments
33(2)
The Evolution of the Investigative Task: American Developments
35(13)
Questions for Discussion and Review
48(1)
Related Internet Sites
49(1)
CHAPTER 3 THE STRUCTURE AND CONTENT OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS 50(31)
Objectives
50(1)
Important Terms
51(1)
Introduction
51(3)
Forms of Police Action
54(1)
Stages of the Reactive Criminal Investigation Process
55(6)
Other Reactive Investigative Strategies
61(1)
Outcomes of Reactive Investigations
62(9)
Undercover Investigations
71(4)
Outcomes of Undercover Investigations
75(1)
Other Proactive Police Strategies
76(3)
Questions for Discussion and Review
79(1)
Related Internet Sites
80(1)
CHAPTER 4 THE ROLE OF EVIDENCE IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS 81(25)
Objectives
81(1)
Important Terms
82(1)
Introduction
82(10)
The Meaning of Criminal Evidence
92(1)
Standards of Proof
92(1)
The Meaning and Nature of Probable Cause
93(3)
Types of Evidence
96(6)
The Functions of Evidence
102(2)
Questions for Discussion and Review
104(1)
Related Internet Sites
105(1)
CHAPTER 5 THE LAW AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION 106(32)
Objectives
106(1)
Important Terms
107(1)
Important U.S. Supreme Court Cases
107(1)
Introduction
107(4)
Basic Legal Terminology
111(3)
The Rules and Admissibility of Evidence
114(2)
Constitutional Constraints on the Collection of Evidence
116(20)
Questions for Discussion and Review
136(1)
Related Internet Sites
137(1)
CHAPTER 6 PHYSICAL EVIDENCE 138(47)
Objectives
138(1)
Important Terms
139(1)
Introduction
139(6)
The Role of Physical Evidence in the Criminal Investigative Process
145(4)
The Role of Physical Evidence in the Criminal Justice Process
149(1)
The Crime Scene and Associated Procedures
149(9)
Types of Physical Evidence
158(16)
DNA Analysis and Its Impact on the Usefulness of Physical Evidence
174(8)
The Role of Crime Laboratories in Criminal Investigations
182(1)
Questions for Discussion and Review
183(1)
Related Internet Sites
184(1)
CHAPTER 7 INTERVIEWS 185(40)
Objectives
185(1)
Important Terms
186(1)
Introduction
186(14)
Interviews Defined
200(1)
Types of Witnesses
201(1)
Types of Information Obtained from Witnesses
201(1)
Methods of Eyewitness Identification
202(6)
Value of Eyewitness Identifications in Establishing Proof
208(1)
The Memory Process and the Identification Task
208(1)
Why Is Eyewitness Identification Evidence Often Inaccurate?
209(2)
Guidelines for the Collection of Eyewitness Evidence
211(5)
Investigative Tools in Interviewing
216(7)
Questions for Discussion and Review
223(1)
Related Internet Sites
224(1)
CHAPTER 8 INTERROGATIONS 225(40)
Objectives
225(1)
Important Terms
226(1)
Introduction
226(9)
Interrogations Defined
235(1)
The Psychology of Persuasion
236(1)
The Role of Police Deception in Interrogations
237(4)
The Ingredients of a Successful Interrogation
241(5)
Steps in the Interrogation of Suspects
246(3)
The Issue of False Confessions
249(2)
Investigative Tools in Recognizing Deception
251(11)
Questions for Discussion and Review
262(2)
Related Internet Sites
264(1)
CHAPTER 9 BEHAVIORAL EVIDENCE 265(25)
Objectives
265(1)
Important Terms
266(1)
Introduction
266(3)
Psychological Profiling
269(10)
Geographical Profiling
279(2)
Psycholinguistics
281(7)
Questions for Discussion and Review
288(1)
Related Internet Sites
289(1)
CHAPTER 10 OTHER SOURCES OF INFORMATION 290(25)
Objectives
290(1)
Important Terms
290(1)
Introduction
291(6)
The Role of the Public and Media in Criminal Investigations
297(6)
Crime Analysis and Mapping
303(4)
Computer Databases and Information Networks
307(4)
Psychics
311(2)
Questions for Discussion and Review
313(1)
Related Internet Sites
314(1)
CHAPTER 11 ISSUES IN THE INVESTIGATION OF VIOLENT CRIME 315(35)
Objectives
315(1)
Important Terms
316(1)
Introduction
316(6)
Homicide and Battery
322(11)
Forcible Rape and Other Sexual Assaults
333(8)
Robbery
341(6)
Questions for Discussion and Review
347(2)
Related Internet Sites
349(1)
CHAPTER 12 ISSUES IN THE INVESTIGATION OF PROPERTY CRIME 350(33)
Objectives
350(1)
Important Terms
350(1)
Introduction
351(6)
Burglary
357(8)
Vehicle Theft
365(5)
Arson
370(6)
Larceny and Fraud
376(5)
Questions for Discussion and Review
381(1)
Related Internet Sites
382(1)
CHAPTER 13 THE DOCUMENTATION AND PRESENTATION OF EVIDENCE 383(22)
Objectives
383(1)
Important Terms
383(1)
Introduction
384(4)
The Adversarial Process
388(2)
Reasons for Errors in Justice Outcomes
390(6)
The Role of Investigative Reports
396(1)
The Role of Testimony in Court
397(4)
The Role of the Jury
401(2)
Questions for Discussion and Review
403(1)
Related Internet Sites
404(1)
CHAPTER 14 THE FUTURE OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION 405(23)
Objectives
405(1)
Important Terms
405(1)
Introduction
406(6)
History as a Guide to the Future of Policing
412(1)
The History of Policing
413(3)
The Future of Policing
416(6)
Technology and the Future of Crime Detection and Criminal Investigation
422(3)
The Implications of Technology on Crime Detection and Criminal Investigation
425(1)
Questions for Discussion and Review
426(1)
Related Internet Sites
427(1)
Court Cases Cited 428(2)
References 430(13)
Index 443

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