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Criminology - The Core

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780534535230

ISBN10:
0534535232
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/14/1997
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $75.33
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Summary

Includes learning objectives, chapter summaries, key terms and concepts, a fill-in review, and self-tests with true/false, multiple choice, and essay questions.

Table of Contents

1 Concepts of Crime, Law, and Criminology 1(98)
Chapter 1 Crime and Criminology
2(22)
close-up: Is the United States Crime-Prone?
4(2)
WHAT IS CRIMINOLOGY?
6(1)
Criminology and Criminal Justice
6(1)
Criminology and Deviance
6(1)
A BRIEF HISTORY OF CRIMINOLOGY
7(6)
Classical Criminology
8(1)
Nineteenth-Century Positivism
9(1)
Positivist Criminology
9(1)
Cesare Lombroso and the Criminal Man
9(1)
The Development of Sociological Criminology
10(1)
The Chicago School and Beyond
11(1)
Conflict Criminology
11(1)
Criminology Today
12(1)
WHAT CRIMINOLOGISTS DO: THE CRIMINOLOGICAL ENTERPRISE
13(3)
Criminal Statistics
13(1)
Sociology of Law
13(1)
Theory Construction
13(1)
Criminal Behavior Systems
14(1)
Penology
14(1)
Victimology
15(1)
HOW DO CRIMINOLOGISTS VIEW CRIME?
16(3)
The Consensus View of Crime
16(1)
The Conflict View of Crime
16(1)
The Interactionist View of Crime
17(1)
Defining Crime
18(1)
DOING CRIMINOLOGY
19(2)
Survey Research
19(1)
Longitudinal (Cohort) Research
19(1)
Aggregate Data Research
20(1)
Experimental Research
20(1)
Observational and Interview Research
20(1)
ETHICAL ISSUES IN CRIMINOLOGY
21(1)
SUMMARY
22(2)
Chapter 2 The Criminal Law and Its Processes
24(21)
THE ORIGINS OF LAW
25(3)
Early Legal Codes
25(1)
The Dark Ages
25(1)
Origins of Common Law
26(2)
close-up: Origin of the Jury Trial
28(1)
THE COMMON LAW
28(2)
Common Law and Statutory Law
29(1)
Common Law in America
29(1)
Common Law in Other Cultures
30(1)
CLASSIFICATION OF LAW
30(3)
Crimes and Torts
30(1)
Felonies and Misdemeanors
31(1)
Mala in Se and Mala Prohibitum
31(2)
FUNCTIONS OF THE CRIMINAL LAW
33(3)
Providing Social Control
33(1)
Discouraging Revenge
33(1)
Expressing Public Opinion and Morality
34(1)
Deterring Criminal Behavior
35(1)
Maintaining the Social Order
35(1)
THE LEGAL DEFINITION OF A CRIME
36(1)
Actus Reus
36(1)
Mens Rea
37(1)
Strict Liability
37(1)
CRIMINAL DEFENSES
37(5)
Ignorance or Mistake
38(1)
Insanity
38(2)
Intoxication
40(1)
Duress
40(1)
Necessity
40(1)
Self-Defense
40(1)
Entrapment
41(1)
CHANGING THE CRIMINAL LAW
42(1)
SUMMARY
43(2)
Chapter 3 The Nature and Extent of Crime
45(31)
THE UNIFORM CRIME REPORT
46(2)
Collecting the UCR
46(1)
The Accuracy of the UCR
46(2)
Future of the Uniform Crime Report
48(1)
SELF-REPORT SURVEYS
48(2)
The Focus of Self-Reports
49(1)
The Accuracy of Self-Reports
49(1)
The "Missing Cases" Issue
50(1)
VICTIM SURVEYS
50(1)
The National Crime Victimization Survey
51(1)
Is the NCVS Valid?
51(1)
ARE CRIME STATISTICS SOURCES COMPATIBLE?
51(1)
OFFICIAL CRIME TRENDS IN THE UNITED STATES
51(6)
Self-Report Trends
52(1)
Victim Survey Trends
53(1)
Explaining Crime Trends
53(3)
What the Future Holds
56(1)
close-up: Crime and Shame: Crime Rates in the United States and Japan
57(1)
CRIME PATTERNS
58(2)
The Ecology of Crime
58(1)
Use of Firearms
58(1)
Social Class and Crime
58(2)
close-up: Gun Control
60(8)
Age and Crime
62(3)
Gender and Crime
65(1)
Race and Crime
66(2)
CRIMINAL CAREERS
68(3)
Delinquency in a Birth Cohort
68(1)
Birth Cohort II
69(1)
Chronic Offender Research
69(1)
Stability in Crime: From Delinquent to Criminal
69(1)
Criminal Careers in Other Cultures
70(1)
Implications of the Chronic Offender Concept
70(1)
SUMMARY
71(5)
Chapter 4 Victims and Victimization
76(23)
PROBLEMS OF CRIME VICTIMS: LOSS
77(1)
PROBLEMS OF CRIME VICTIMS: SUFFERING
77(2)
PROBLEMS OF CRIME VICTIMS: ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR
79(1)
THE NATURE OF VICTIMIZATION
79(3)
The Social Ecology of Victimization
79(1)
The Victim's Household
80(1)
Victim Characteristics
80(2)
close-up: Parents Who Get Killed and the Children Who Kill Them
82(2)
Repeat Victimization
83(1)
Victims and Their Criminals
84(1)
THEORIES OF VICTIMIZATION
84(5)
Victim Precipitation Theory
85(1)
Lifestyle Theories
86(1)
Routine Activities Theory
87(2)
close-up: Crime and Everyday Life
89(1)
CARING FOR THE VICTIM
89(4)
The Government's Response
90(1)
Victim Compensation
91(1)
Court Services
91(1)
Public Education
91(1)
Crisis Intervention
91(1)
Victim-Offender Reconciliation Programs (VORP)
92(1)
Victims' Rights
92(1)
SELF-PROTECTION
93(1)
Fighting Back
94(1)
Community Organization
94(1)
SUMMARY
94(5)
2 Theories of Crime Causation 99(176)
Chapter 5 Choice Theory
100(30)
THE DEVELOPMENT OF CLASSICAL THEORY
101(1)
CHOICE THEORY EMERGES
102(1)
THE CONCEPTS OF RATIONAL CHOICE
102(1)
close-up: Does Crime Pay?
103(4)
Offense and Offender Specifications
103(1)
Structuring Criminality
104(1)
Structuring Crime
104(1)
Rational Choice and Routine Activities
105(2)
IS CRIME RATIONAL?
107(3)
Are Street Crimes Rational?
107(1)
Is Drug Use Rational?
108(1)
Can Violence Be Rational?
108(1)
The Seductions of Crime
109(1)
ELIMINATING CRIME
110(1)
SITUATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION
110(3)
Crime-Prevention Strategies
111(1)
Targeting Specific Crimes
111(1)
Crime Discouragers
112(1)
Remifications of Situational Prevention
112(1)
GENERAL DETERRENCE
113(5)
Certainty of Punishment
113(2)
Severity of Punishment
115(1)
The Special Case of Capital Punishment
116(1)
Perception and Deterrence
117(1)
Informal Sanctions
117(1)
General Deterrence in Review
118(1)
SPECIFIC DETERRENCE
118(3)
Does Specific Deterrence Deter Crime?
119(1)
The Domestic Violence Studies
119(1)
Pain Versus Shame
120(1)
RETHINKING DETERRENCE
121(1)
INCAPACITATION STRATEGIES
121(2)
Can Incapacitation Reduce Crime?
122(1)
The Logic of Incarceration
122(1)
Selective Incapacitation: Three Strikes and You're Out
122(1)
POLICY IMPLICATIONS OF CHOICE THEORY
123(1)
SUMMARY
123(7)
Chapter 6 Trait Theories
130(32)
BIOLOGICAL TRAIT THEORY
131(11)
Development of Biological Theories
131(2)
Biochemical Conditions and Crime
133(3)
Neurophysiological Conditions and Crime
136(3)
Genetics and Crime
139(2)
Evolutionary Views of Crime
141(1)
Evaluation of the Biological Branch of Trait Theory
141(1)
PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAIT THEORIES
142(4)
Psychodynamic Perspective
143(1)
Behavioral Theories
144(2)
close-up: The Media and Violence
146(6)
Cognitive Theory
148(1)
Mental Illness and Crime
149(1)
Personality and Crime
150(1)
Intelligence and Crime
151(1)
close-up: The Antisocial Personality
152(2)
SOCIAL POLICY IMPLICATIONS
154(1)
SUMMARY
155(7)
Chapter 7 Social Structure Theories
162(33)
SOCIOLOGICAL CRIMINOLOGY
163(1)
ECONOMIC STRUCTURE AND CRIME
164(2)
Lower-Class Culture
164(1)
Racial Disparity
164(1)
The Underclass
165(1)
close-up: When Work Disappears
166(1)
Are the Poor "Undeserving"?
167(1)
BRANCHES OF SOCIAL STRUCTURE THEORY
167(1)
SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY
168(6)
Concentric Zone Theory
169(2)
The Social Ecology School
171(3)
STRAIN THEORY
174(8)
Anomie Theory
174(3)
Institutional Anomie Theory
177(1)
Relative Deprivation Theory
178(1)
General Strain Theory
179(3)
CULTURAL DEVIANCE THEORY
182(5)
Conduct Norms
182(1)
Focal Concerns
182(1)
Theory of Delinquent Subcultures
183(1)
Theory of Differential Opportunity
184(3)
EVALUATION OF SOCIAL STRUCTURE THEORIES
187(1)
SOCIAL STRUCTURE THEORY AND SOCIAL POLICY
188(1)
SUMMARY
188(1)
close-up: Unemployment and Crime
189(6)
Chapter 8 Social Process Theories
195(31)
SOCIAL PROCESSES AND CRIME
196(3)
Family Relations
196(1)
Educational Experience
197(1)
Peer Relations
198(1)
Institutional Involvement and Belief
198(1)
BRANCHES OF SOCIAL PROCESS THEORY
199(1)
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
199(8)
Differential Association Theory
200(4)
Differential Reinforcement Theory
204(1)
Neutralization Theory
205(2)
Are Social Learning Theories Valid?
207(1)
SOCIAL CONTROL THEORIES
207(5)
Self-Concept and Crime
207(1)
Containment Theory
208(1)
Social Control Theory
208(4)
LABELING THEORY
212(5)
Crime and Labeling Theory
212(1)
Differential Enforcement
213(1)
Becoming Labeled
213(1)
Consequences of Labeling
213(1)
Primary and Secondary Deviance
214(1)
General Theory of Deviance
214(1)
Differential Social Control
215(1)
Research on Labeling Theory
216(1)
Is Labeling Theory Valid?
216(1)
AN EVALUATION OF SOCIAL PROCESS THEORY
217(1)
SOCIAL PROCESS THEORY AND SOCIAL POLICY
218(1)
close-up: Head Start
219(1)
SUMMARY
220(6)
Chapter 9 Social Conflict Theory
226(26)
MARXIST THOUGHT
228(2)
Productive Forces and Productive Relations
228(1)
Surplus Value
229(1)
Marx on Crime
229(1)
DEVELOPING A SOCIAL CONFLICT THEORY OF CRIME
230(1)
The Contribution of Willem Bonger
230(1)
The Contribution of Ralf Dahrendorf
230(1)
The Contribution of George Vold
231(1)
MODERN CONFLICT THEORY
231(4)
Conflict Criminology
231(3)
Research on Conflict Theory
234(1)
Analysis of Conflict Theory
235(1)
MARXIST CRIMINOLOGY
235(5)
The Development of a Radical Criminology
235(1)
Fundamentals of Marxist Criminology
236(1)
Economic Structure and Surplus Value
236(1)
Instrumental Marxism
237(2)
Structural Marxism
239(1)
Research on Marxist Criminology
239(1)
close-up: How Capitalism Influences Rape
240(2)
Critique of Marxist Criminology
241(1)
LEFT REALISM
242(1)
RADICAL FEMINIST THEORY
242(3)
Marxist Feminism
242(1)
Radical Feminism
242(3)
DECONSTRUCTIONISM
245(1)
close-up: Restorative Justice
246(1)
PEACEMAKING CRIMINOLOGY
246(1)
SUMMARY
247(5)
Chapter 10 Integrated Theories
252(23)
OVERVIEW OF INTEGRATED THEORIES
253(1)
MULTIFACTOR THEORIES
254(5)
The Social Development Model (SDM)
255(2)
Elliott's Integrated Theory
257(1)
Integrated Structural Marxist Theory
258(1)
THE LATENT TRAIT APPROACH
259(4)
Crime and Human Nature
259(1)
General Theory of Crime
260(3)
LIFE-COURSE THEORIES
263(4)
The Glueck Research
264(1)
Life Course Emerges
264(1)
Is There a Problem Behavior Syndrome?
265(1)
The Course of Criminal Careers
265(2)
close-up: Violent Female Criminals
267(7)
Farrington's Theory of Delinquent Development
268(2)
Interactional Theory
270(1)
Sampson and Laub's Age-Graded Theory
271(3)
SUMMARY
274(1)
3 Crime Typologies 275(144)
Chapter 11 Violent Crime
280(37)
THE ROOTS OF VIOLENCE
281(1)
Personal Traits
281(1)
close-up: Violent Land
282(4)
Ineffective Families
283(1)
Evolutionary Factors/Human Instinct
283(1)
Cultural Values
284(1)
Regional Values
285(1)
Substance Abuse
285(1)
Firearm Availability
285(1)
FORCIBLE RAPE
286(6)
History of Rape
287(1)
Rape and the Military
287(1)
Incidence of Rape
287(1)
Types of Rapists
288(1)
Types of Rape
288(1)
The Cause of Rape
289(2)
Rape and the Law
291(1)
MURDER AND HOMICIDE
292(4)
"Born and Alive"
292(1)
Degrees of Murder
293(1)
The Nature and Extent of Murder
293(1)
Murderous Relations
294(1)
Homicide Networks
294(1)
Types of Murderers
294(1)
Serial Murder
295(1)
close-up: Mass Murder and Serial Killing
296(2)
ASSAULT AND BATTERY
298(3)
Nature of Assault
298(1)
Assault in the Home
298(1)
Causes of Child Abuse
299(1)
Spouse Abuse
300(1)
ROBBERY
301(2)
The Ecology of Robbery
302(1)
Robber Typologies
302(1)
EVOLVING FORMS OF VIOLENCE
303(2)
Hate Crimes
303(1)
Workplace Violence
304(1)
POLITICAL VIOLENCE AND TERRORISM
305(5)
Historical Perspective on Terrorism
306(1)
Forms of Terrorism
306(3)
The Extent of Terrorism
309(1)
Who Is the Terrorist?
309(1)
Responses to Terrorism
309(1)
close-up: Genocide
310(1)
SUMMARY
311(6)
Chapter 12 Property Crimes
317(19)
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THEFT
318(1)
MODERN THIEVES
319(3)
Occasional Criminals
319(1)
Professional Criminals
319(2)
The Nonprofessional Fence
321(1)
LARCENY/THEFT
322(6)
Larceny Today
322(1)
Shoplifting
323(2)
Bad Checks
325(1)
Credit Card Theft
325(1)
Auto Theft
326(1)
False Pretenses/Fraud
327(1)
Embezzlement
327(1)
BURGLARY
328(2)
The Extent of Burglary
328(1)
Careers in Burglary
328(1)
Burglars on the Job
328(2)
close-up: The Female Burglar
330(1)
ARSON
331(2)
SUMMARY
333(3)
Chapter 13 White-Collar and Organized Crime
336(39)
WHITE-COLLAR CRIME
337(3)
Redefining White-Collar Crime
337(1)
The White-Collar Crime Problem
338(1)
International White-Collar Crime
339(1)
Components of White-Collar Crime
339(1)
TYPES OF WHITE-COLLAR CRIME
340(8)
Stings and Swindles
340(1)
Chiseling
341(1)
Individual Exploitation of Institutional Position
342(1)
Influence Peddling and Bribery
343(2)
Embezzlement and Employee Fraud
345(1)
Client Frauds
346(2)
close-up: The Savings and Loan Scandal
348(5)
Corporate Crime
349(4)
HIGH-TECH CRIME
353(1)
Internet Crimes
353(1)
Computer Crimes
353(1)
THE CAUSE OF WHITE-COLLAR CRIME
354(3)
Greedy or Needy?
355(1)
Corporate Culture Theory
355(1)
The Self-Control View
356(1)
CONTROLLING WHITE-COLLAR CRIME
357(3)
White-Collar Law Enforcement Systems
357(1)
Corporate Policing
358(1)
White-Collar Control Strategies: Compliance
358(2)
White-Collar Control Strategies: Deterrence
360(1)
ORGANIZED CRIME
360(1)
close-up: Can Corporations Commit Murder?
361(2)
Characteristics of Organized Crime
362(1)
Activities of Organized Crime
362(1)
Organized Crime and Legitimate Enterprise
362(1)
THE CONCEPT OF ORGANIZED CRIME
363(3)
Alien Conspiracy Theory: La Cosa Nostra
363(2)
The Mafia Myth
365(1)
Organized Crime Groups
366(1)
ORGANIZED CRIME ABROAD
366(1)
CONTROLLING ORGANIZED CRIME
367(1)
THE FUTURE OF ORGANIZED CRIME
367(1)
close-up: Forfeiture
368(1)
SUMMARY
369(6)
Chapter 14 Public Order Crimes: Sex and Substance Abuse
375(44)
LAW AND MORALITY
376(3)
Debating Morality
377(1)
Criminal or Immoral?
377(1)
Vigilante Justice
378(1)
ILLEGAL SEXUALITY
379(7)
Homosexual Behavior
379(1)
Paraphilias
380(1)
Prostitution
381(4)
Pornography
385(1)
close-up: Child Prostitution in the United States and Japan
386(4)
Controlling Sex for Profit
389(1)
SUBSTANCE ABUSE
390(5)
When Did Drug Use Begin?
391(1)
Alcohol and Its Prohibition
391(1)
Commonly Abused Drugs Today
391(4)
close-up: Careers in Crack
395(7)
The Extent of Substance Abuse
396(1)
Why Is Drug Abuse Increasing?
396(1)
Are the Surveys Accurate?
396(2)
AIDS and Drug Use
398(1)
The Cause of Substance Abuse
398(2)
Types of Criminal Drug Users
400(2)
DRUGS AND CRIME
402(3)
Research Methods
403(1)
The Cycle of Addiction
404(1)
Drugs and the Law
404(1)
Alcohol Abuse
405(1)
DRUG CONTROL STRATEGIES
405(8)
Source Control
405(2)
Interdiction Strategies
407(1)
Law Enforcement Strategies
407(1)
Punishment Strategies
407(1)
Community Strategies
408(2)
Drug Education and Prevention Strategies
410(1)
Drug Testing Programs
410(1)
Treatment Strategies
410(1)
Employment Programs
411(1)
Legalization
411(2)
SUMMARY
413(6)
4 The Criminal Justice System 419(132)
Chapter 15 Overview of the Criminal Justice System
420(25)
ORIGINS OF CRIME IN THE UNITED STATES
421(1)
THE DEVELOPMENT OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE
422(1)
Early Origins of American Justice
422(1)
The Modern Era of Justice
422(1)
THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
423(3)
Police and Law Enforcement
423(1)
Courts
424(1)
Corrections
425(1)
close-up: The Juvenile Justice System
426(1)
THE PROCESS OF JUSTICE
427(5)
THE WEDDING CAKE MODEL
432(1)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND THE RULE OF LAW
433(4)
Procedural Laws
433(1)
Court Decision Making
433(1)
Due Process
434(2)
The Exclusionary Rule
436(1)
CONCEPTS OF JUSTICE
437(4)
Crime Control Model
437(1)
Justice Model
438(1)
Due Process Model
438(1)
Rehabilitation Model
439(1)
Nonintervention Model
440(1)
Radical Model
440(1)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE TODAY
441(1)
SUMMARY
442(3)
Chapter 16 Police and Law Enforcement
445(34)
THE HISTORY OF POLICE
446(3)
The London Police
447(1)
The American Colonial Experience
447(1)
Early American Police Agencies
447(1)
Reform Movements
448(1)
The Advent of Professionalism
448(1)
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
449(3)
Federal Law Enforcement
449(1)
County Law Enforcement
450(1)
State Police
450(1)
Metropolitan Police
450(2)
THE POLICE ROLE
452(1)
COMMUNITY POLICING
452(4)
Implementing Community Policing
452(1)
Community Policing in Action
453(1)
Problem-Oriented Policing
454(2)
Does Community Policing Work?
456(1)
POLICE FUNCTIONS
456(3)
Patrol Function
456(1)
Investigation Function
457(1)
Other Police Functions
458(1)
POLICE AND THE RULE OF LAW
459(2)
Custodial Interrogation
459(1)
Search and Seizure
460(1)
ISSUES IN POLICING
461(4)
Police Personality and Subculture
462(1)
Discretion
462(2)
Extralegal Factors: Race, Class, Gender, and Demeanor
464(1)
Limiting Police Discretion
464(1)
MINORITY AND FEMALE POLICE OFFICERS
465(2)
Minority Officers
466(1)
Female Police Officers
466(1)
THE POLICE AND VIOLENCE
467(3)
How Common Is the Use of Force?
467(1)
Who Are Problem-Prone Cops?
467(1)
Deadly Force
467(3)
close-up: Suing the Police
470(2)
IMPROVING POLICE EFFECTIVENESS
472(1)
SUMMARY
473(6)
Chapter 17 The Judicatory Process
479(39)
COURT STRUCTURE
480(2)
State Courts
480(1)
Federal Courts
480(1)
Court Caseloads
480(2)
PROSECUTORS
482(5)
Types of Prosecutors
485(1)
Prosecutorial Discretion
485(1)
Factors Influencing Decision Making
485(2)
DEFENSE ATTORNEYS
487(1)
Legal Counsel for the Indigent
488(1)
Conflicts of Defense
488(1)
JUDGES
488(1)
Judicial Selection
489(1)
Judicial Overload
489(1)
PRETRIAL PROCEDURES
489(6)
Bail
490(2)
Plea Bargaining
492(3)
Alternatives to Prosecution
495(1)
THE CRIMINAL TRIAL
495(1)
Jury Selection
495(1)
close-up: The Craft of Justice
496(7)
The Trial Process
498(3)
Trials and the Rule of Law
501(2)
SENTENCING
503(8)
Purposes of Sentencing
503(1)
Sentencing Dispositions
503(1)
Imposing the Sentence
503(1)
Sentencing Structures
503(4)
Mandatory Sentences
507(1)
"Three Strikes" Laws
508(1)
How People Are Sentenced
509(1)
Sentencing Disparity
510(1)
THE DEATH PENALTY
511(2)
Death Penalty Debate
511(1)
Legality of the Death Penalty
512(1)
SUMMARY
513(5)
Chapter 18 Corrections
518(33)
THE HISTORY OF PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS
519(4)
Greece and Rome
519(1)
The Middle Ages
519(1)
Punishment in the 17th and 18th Centuries
520(1)
Corrections in the Late-18th and 19th Centuries
520(1)
The Auburn System
521(1)
The New Pennsylvania System
522(1)
Post-Civil War Developments
522(1)
The Progressive Era and Beyond
522(1)
The Modern Era
523(1)
CORRECTIONS TODAY
523(1)
PROBATION
524(2)
Probation Organizations
524(1)
Probation Services
524(1)
Probation Rules and Revocation
525(1)
Success of Probation
525(1)
INTERMEDIATE SANCTIONS
526(7)
Fines
527(1)
Forfeiture
528(1)
Restitution
528(1)
Shock Probation and Split Sentencing
528(1)
Intensive Probation Supervision
529(1)
Home Confinement
529(1)
Electronic Monitoring
529(2)
Residential Community Corrections
531(1)
Boot Camps/Shock Incarceration
531(1)
Can Alternatives Work?
532(1)
JAILS
533(1)
Jail Populations
533(1)
Who Are Jail Inmates?
533(1)
Jail Conditions
533(1)
THE PRISON
534(2)
Types of Institutions
535(1)
Private Prisons
535(1)
Prisoners in the United States
535(1)
close-up: Ultra Maximum Security Prisons
536(8)
Prison Life: Males
539(1)
Prison Life: Females
540(2)
Correctional Treatment
542(1)
Prison Violence
543(1)
CORRECTIONS AND THE RULE OF LAW
544(1)
PAROLE
545(1)
The Parolee in the Community
545(1)
How Effective Is Parole?
545(1)
SUMMARY
546(5)
Glossary 551(16)
Subject Index 567(14)
Name Index 581(12)
Table of Cases
593(2)
Photo Credits 595


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