Cultural Anthropology : Global Forces, Local Lives

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-08-06
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Cultural Anthropology: Global Forces, Local Lives is an accessible, ethnographically rich, cultural anthropology textbook which gives a coherent and refreshingly new vision of the discipline and its subject matter-human diversity. The fifteen chapters and three extended case studies present all of the necessary areas of cultural anthropology, organizing them in conceptually and thematically meaningful and original ways.

Author Biography

Jack David Eller is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the Community College of Denver. He is the author of Introducing Anthropology of Religion (Routledge 2007).

Table of Contents

List of illustrationsp. xi
List of boxesp. xiv
Introductionp. xvi
Understanding Anthropologyp. 1
The Science(s) of Anthropologyp. 2
Traditional Anthropology and Beyondp. 7
The "Anthropological Perspective"p. 12
The Relevance of Anthropologyp. 19
Summaryp. 22
Understanding and Studying Culturep. 24
Defining Culturep. 25
The Biocultural Basis of Human Behaviorp. 35
Studying Culture: Method in Cultural Anthropologyp. 41
Summaryp. 49
The Origins of Cultural Anthropologyp. 50
What Makes Cultural Anthropology Possible - and Necessaryp. 51
Encountering the Otherp. 55
Rethinking Society: Seventeenth-and Eighteenth-Century Social Theoryp. 59
Toward an Ethnological Science in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 61
The Twentieth Century and the Founding of Modern Anthropologyp. 62
The Anthropological Crisis of the Mid-Twentieth Century and Beyondp. 67
Summaryp. 71
Language and Social Relationsp. 73
Human Language as a Communication Systemp. 75
The Structure of Languagep. 77
Making Society Through Language: Language and the Construction of Social Realityp. 84
Language Acquisition and the Linguistic Relativity Hypothesisp. 92
Summaryp. 96
Learning to be an Individual: Personality and Genderp. 98
Cultures and Persons, or Cultural Personsp. 99
Gender and Person, or Gendered Personsp. 108
Summaryp. 119
Individuals and Identities: Race and Ethnicityp. 121
The Anthropology of Racep. 122
The Modern Anthropological Critique of Racep. 128
The Anthropology of Ethnicityp. 132
Racial and Ethnic Groups and Relations in Cross-Cultural Perspectivep. 137
Summaryp. 147
Seeing Culture as a Whole #1: The Relativism of Motherhood, Personhood, Race, and Health in a Brazilian Communityp. 148
Economics: Humans, Nature, and Social Organizationp. 150
Economics as the Base or Core of Culturep. 151
The Anthropology of Economicsp. 153
Summaryp. 177
Kinship and Non-Kin Organization: Creating Social Groupsp. 179
Corporate Groups: The Fundamental Structure of Human Societiesp. 180
Kinship-Based Corporate Groupsp. 181
Non-Kinship-Based Corporate Groupsp. 198
Summaryp. 205
Politics: Social Order and Social Controlp. 207
Social Control: The Functions of Politicsp. 208
Powerp. 212
The Anthropology of Political Systemsp. 216
Maintaining Internal Order and "Social Harmony"p. 229
An Anthropology of Warp. 232
Summaryp. 234
Religion: Interacting with the Non-Human Worldp. 236
The Problem of Studying Religion Anthropologicallyp. 237
The Elements of Religion: Superhuman Entities and Human Specialistsp. 242
The Elements of Religion: Symbol, Ritual, and Languagep. 255
Summaryp. 262
Seeing Culture as a Whole #2: The Integration of Culture in Warlpiri Societyp. 264
Cultural Dynamics: Continuity and Changep. 267
The Tradition of Traditionp. 268
Cultural Dynamics: The Processes of Cultural Changep. 272
Summaryp. 288
Colonialism and the Origin of Globalizationp. 290
The Culture of Colonialismp. 292
The Legacy of Colonialismp. 303
Summaryp. 312
The Struggle for Political Identity: Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Conflictp. 314
Politics, Identity, and Post-Colonialismp. 316
Fluid, Fragmented, and Fractious Cultures in the Modern Worldp. 326
From Culture to Competition to Conflictp. 330
Summaryp. 336
The Struggle for Economic Independence: Development, Modernization, and Globalizationp. 338
Why Economic Dependence?p. 339
The Path to Underdevelopmentp. 341
Development: Solution and Problemp. 349
Models of Developmentp. 356
The Benefits - and Costs - of Developmentp. 358
Summaryp. 361
The Struggle for Cultural Survival, Revival, and Revitalizationp. 363
Voices from Another Worldp. 365
From Culture to Cultural Movementp. 369
The Future of Culture, and the Culture of the Futurep. 377
Summaryp. 387
Seeing Culture as a whole #3: Exile, Refuge, and Culturep. 389
Glossaryp. 391
Bibliographyp. 411
Indexp. 423
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