Culture and Psychology People Around the World

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1999-12-16
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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David Matsumoto uses cross-cultural research as a platform to evaluate psychology as we know it and shows readers how to develop their own critical thinking skills. He encourages readers to raise questions about traditional knowledge and theories and to investigate the world around them so they can reap the benefits of diversity and turn its challenges into assets. The Second Edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect current developments in the field and provides an overview of how culture affects psychology to give students a framework they can use throughout the book.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
An Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychologyp. 1
What Psychology Is All Aboutp. 2
The Creation of Knowledge and Truth in Sciencep. 3
Understanding the Process of Research in Psychologyp. 4
Cross-Cultural Research and Psychologyp. 8
The Impact of Cross-Cultural Psychology: Gaining a Multicultural Perspectivep. 11
The Goal of This Bookp. 14
Glossaryp. 16
Understanding and Defining Culturep. 17
Why Is It Important to Define Culture?p. 17
The Use of the Term Culture in Everyday Languagep. 18
A Definition of Culturep. 23
Pancultural Principles versus Culture-Specific Differences: Emics and Eticsp. 35
An Introduction to Ethnocentrism and Stereotypesp. 37
Transforming Culture into a Measurable Constructp. 38
The Influence of Culture on Psychologyp. 47
Conclusionp. 49
Glossaryp. 50
Culture and Selfp. 53
Culture and Concepts of Selfp. 54
An Example of Different Cultural Conceptualizations of Self: Independent and Interdependent Selvesp. 56
Critical Thinking and Evaluation of the Analysis of Independent and Interdependent Selvesp. 66
Beyond Independent and Interdependent Self-Construals: Interrelated and Isolated Self-Conceptsp. 70
Multicultural Identitiesp. 71
Conclusionp. 73
Glossaryp. 73
Ethnocentrism, Stereotypes, and Prejudicep. 75
Ethnocentrism and Intergroup Attitudesp. 76
Stereotypesp. 83
Prejudice, Discrimination, and "Isms"p. 92
Going Beyond Prejudice and Discriminationp. 97
Conclusionp. 101
Glossaryp. 102
Evaluating Cross-Cultural Researchp. 105
Why It Is Important to Understand Cross-Cultural Research Methodsp. 105
The Nature of Truth in Psychology and the Importance of Researchp. 106
The Parameters and Conditions of Hypothesis-Testing Researchp. 109
Special Issues in Cross-Cultural Researchp. 115
Guidelines for Reviewing Cross-Cultural Researchp. 130
Conclusionp. 134
Glossaryp. 136
Culture and Basic Psychological Processesp. 137
Culture and the Biological Bases of Behaviorp. 137
Culture and Perceptionp. 140
Culture and Cognitionp. 147
Culture and Consciousnessp. 157
Culture and Intelligencep. 161
Conclusionp. 171
Glossaryp. 172
Culture and Developmentp. 173
Enculturation and Socializationp. 173
Culture and Psychological Processes in Developmentp. 193
Conclusionp. 204
Glossaryp. 205
Culture and Genderp. 209
The Relationship of Gender and Culture to Mainstream Psychologyp. 210
Some Definitionsp. 211
Cross-Cultural Research on Genderp. 212
Conclusionp. 225
Glossaryp. 226
Culture and Physical Healthp. 229
Cultural Differences in the Definition of Healthp. 230
Culture and Conceptions of the Bodyp. 231
Sociocultural Influences on Physical Health and Medical Disease Processesp. 232
Cultural Influences on Attitudes and Beliefs Related to Health and Diseasep. 242
A Model of Cultural Influences on Physical Healthp. 245
Cultural Differences in Dealing with Illnessp. 246
Conclusionp. 249
Glossaryp. 250
Culture and Mental Healthp. 251
Defining Abnormalityp. 252
Culture and the Assessment of Abnormal Behaviorp. 261
Culture and the Treatment of Abnormal Behaviorp. 264
Conclusionp. 269
Glossaryp. 270
Culture and Emotionp. 271
The Importance of Emotion in Our Livesp. 271
Culture and Emotion Expressionp. 272
Culture and Emotion Perceptionp. 282
Culture and the Experience of Emotionp. 290
Culture and the Antecedents of Emotionp. 298
Culture and Emotion Appraisalp. 301
Culture and the Concept and Language of Emotionp. 305
Conclusionp. 311
Glossaryp. 312
Culture and Languagep. 313
The Components of Language and Language Acquisitionp. 314
Language Differences across Culturesp. 317
Language and Worldview: The Case for Linguistic Relativityp. 323
Language and Behavior: The Special Case of Bilingualismp. 330
Conclusionp. 335
Glossaryp. 336
Culture and Nonverbal Behaviorp. 337
What Are Nonverbal Behaviors?p. 337
Classifying the Functions of Nonverbal Behaviorsp. 338
Verbal and Nonverbal Behaviors in Communicationp. 340
Cultural Influences on Nonverbal Behaviors and Their Implications for Communicationp. 343
Cross-Cultural Research on Nonverbal Behaviorsp. 346
Applied Studies Examining Cross-Cultural Differences in Nonverbal Behaviorsp. 355
Conclusionp. 356
Glossaryp. 357
Intercultural Communicationp. 359
Defining Communicationp. 360
The Components of Communicationp. 360
The Role of Culture in the Communication Processp. 362
Intracultural versus Intercultural Communicationp. 365
Toward Effective Intercultural Communicationp. 373
Conclusionp. 382
Glossaryp. 383
Culture and Personalityp. 385
Defining Personalityp. 386
Cross-Cultural Research on Personalityp. 388
Culture and the Five Factor Model of Personalityp. 394
The Measurement of Personality across Culturesp. 397
The Measurement of Personality to Assess Psychopathology across Culturesp. 398
Culture and Indigenous Personalitiesp. 399
Conclusionp. 401
Glossaryp. 402
Culture and Social Behaviorp. 403
Culture and Ingroup/Outgroup Relationshipsp. 403
Culture, Person Perception, and Attractivenessp. 410
Culture and Interpersonal Attraction: Love, Intimacy, and Intercultural Marriagesp. 414
Culture and Attributionsp. 421
Culture and Aggressionp. 433
Culture and Conformity, Compliance, Obedience, and Cooperationp. 436
Conclusionp. 441
Glossaryp. 442
Culture and Organizationsp. 445
Organizational Culture and Organizational Climatep. 446
Culture and Organizational Structurep. 448
Cultural Differences in Work-Related Valuesp. 449
Recent Research on Organizational Culturep. 458
Culture and the Meaning of Workp. 469
Culture, Motivation, and Productivityp. 470
Culture, Leadership, and Management Stylesp. 473
Culture and Decision-Making Processesp. 476
Intercultural Issues Regarding Business and Workp. 479
Conclusionp. 485
Glossaryp. 486
Conclusion: Implications for Mainstream Psychology and Everyday Lifep. 489
Implications for Mainstream Psychologyp. 490
Implications for Our Everyday Livesp. 495
Conclusionp. 503
Referencesp. 507
Name Indexp. 551
Subject Indexp. 559
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