The Dead Sea Scrolls Today

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-03-30
  • Publisher: Eerdmans Pub Co

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The premier Dead Sea Scrolls guidebook for general readers ever since its original publications in 1994, James VanderKam's Dead Sea Scrolls Today won the Biblical Archaeology Society's Publication Award in 1995 for the Best Popular Book on Biblical Archaeology. In this expanded and updated edition the book will continue to illuminate the greatest archaeological find in modern times. Book jacket.

Author Biography

James C. Vanderkam is the John A. O'Brien Professor of Hebrew Scriptures at the University of Notre Dame and a member of the international team charged with editing and translating the Dead Sea Scroll manuscripts. His other books include An Introduction to Early Judaism.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Editionp. xii
Preface to the First Editionp. xiv
Discoveriesp. 1
Introductionp. 1
The Qumran Discoveriesp. 2
The First Cavep. 2
The Seven Original Scrollsp. 2
The Cave Itselfp. 2
The Other Cavesp. 13
The Ruins of Qumranp. 20
The de Vaux Excavations and Interpretationsp. 21
The Buildingsp. 21
The Cemeteriesp. 25
Subsequent Studies and Interpretationsp. 26
The Buildingsp. 26
The Cemeteriesp. 31
Methods for Dating the Discoveriesp. 33
Methods for Dating the Textsp. 33
Paleographyp. 33
Accelerator Mass Spectrometryp. 35
Internal Allusionsp. 39
Methods for Dating the Other Archeological Remainsp. 41
Carbon 14p. 41
Potteryp. 41
Coinsp. 41
Survey of the Manuscriptsp. 47
Biblical Textsp. 47
Biblical Scrollsp. 48
Targumsp. 50
Tefillin and Mezuzotp. 51
Apocryphal and Pseudepigraphal Textsp. 52
Apocryphap. 52
Tobitp. 52
Sirach (Ecclesiasticus or the Wisdom of Jesus ben Sira)p. 53
Letter of Jeremiah (= Baruch 6)p. 54
Psalmp. 151
Pseudepigraphap. 54
Enoch or 1 Enochp. 55
Jubileesp. 57
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchsp. 58
New Pseudepigraphap. 60
Other Textsp. 61
Commentaries on Biblical Materialp. 62
Continuous Commentariesp. 62
The Habakkuk Commentary (1QpHab)p. 64
The Nahum Commentary (4Q169)p. 67
The Commentary on Psalms (4Q171, 173)p. 69
Thematic Commentariesp. 70
Florilegium (4Q174)p. 70
The Testimonia (4Q175)p. 70
The Melchizedek Text (nQMclch)p. 73
A Commentary on Genesis (4Q252)p. 74
Paraphrasesp. 75
Legal Textsp. 75
The Damascus Documentp. 76
The Rule of the Communityp. 77
The Temple Scrollp. 80
Some of the Works of the Torah (4QMMT)p. 81
Writings for Worshipp. 83
The Cycle of Worshipp. 83
Liturgical Textsp. 84
Calendrical Textsp. 85
Poetic Compositionsp. 86
The Thanksgiving Hymnsp. 86
Other Poemsp. 87
Eschatological Worksp. 88
The War Rulep. 88
Texts about the New Jerusalemp. 90
Wisdom Textsp. 90
4Q184 Wiles of the Wicked Womanp. 91
4Q185 Sapiential Workp. 91
Instructionp. 91
The Copper Scroll (3Q15)p. 92
Documentary Textsp. 93
The Identification of the Qumran Groupp. 97
The Case for the Essene Hypothesisp. 97
The Evidence from Pliny the Elderp. 97
The Contents of the Qumran Texts and Essene Beliefs and Practicesp. 101
Theologyp. 102
Determinismp. 102
The Afterlifep. 105
Practicep. 107
Nonuse of Oilp. 108
Propertyp. 108
The Pure Mealp. 111
Bodily Functionsp. 112
Spittingp. 113
Problems With the Essene Hypothesisp. 114
Entry Proceduresp. 114
Marriagep. 116
The Name Essenep. 118
Other Theoriesp. 119
Sadduceesp. 119
Jerusalem Originsp. 122
The Qumran Essenesp. 127
A Sketch of the Qumran Group's Historyp. 127
The Pre-Qumran Periodp. 128
The Qumran Periodp. 133
Phase Ip. 133
Phase IIp. 136
A Sketch of Qumran Thought and Practicep. 137
Predeterminismp. 137
The Two Waysp. 138
The Community of the New Covenantp. 139
Scriptural Interpretationp. 141
The Latter Daysp. 141
Special Lawsp. 141
The Universep. 142
Worshipp. 144
The End and the Messiahsp. 145
The Qumran Essenes and Their Place in Judaismp. 147
The Scrolls and the Old Testamentp. 157
The Text of the Hebrew Bible/ Old Testamentp. 157
The Period of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testamentp. 158
The Pre-Qumran Textual Witnessesp. 159
The Masoretic Textp. 159
The Septuagintp. 160
The Samaritan Pentateuchp. 161
Qumran Contributionsp. 162
The Great Isaiah Scrollp. 162
Qumran Agreements with the Septuagint against the Masoretic Textp. 163
Minor Examplesp. 163
Major Examplesp. 164
Jeremiahp. 164
Samuelp. 166
An Unusual Casep. 167
Theories about Textual Developmentp. 168
A Theory of Local Textsp. 168
A Theory of Textual Plurality and Varietyp. 169
Successive Literary Editionsp. 171
New Information About the History of Some Textsp. 171
The Book of Psalmsp. 172
Daniel 4p. 176
A Canon of Scripturep. 178
Evidence outside Qumranp. 178
The Prologue to Sirach (the Wisdom of Jesus ben Sira)p. 179
2 Mace 2:13-15p. 181
Philo, On the Contemplative Life 25p. 182
Luke 24:44p. 182
Matt 23:35p. 183
4 Ezra 14:23-48p. 184
Josephus, Against Apion 1.37-43p. 185
Evidence from Qumranp. 186
Authoritative Booksp. 188
Books Quoted as Authoritiesp. 188
Other Authoritative Booksp. 190
Jubileesp. 191
1 Enochp. 192
The Temple Scrollp. 193
The Scrolls and the New Testamentp. 197
Introductionp. 197
Similarities Between the Scrolls and the New Testamentp. 201
Language and Textp. 201
Languagep. 201
The Manyp. 202
The Guardianp. 203
Other Examplesp. 203
Textp. 204
New Testament Papyri in Cave 7?p. 204
Qumran Words and Phrases in the New Testamentp. 204
The Sermon on the Mountp. 205
Charactersp. 206
John the Baptistp. 206
Othersp. 209
Practicesp. 210
Shared Propertyp. 210
The Mealp. 211
Calendarp. 214
Eschatologyp. 215
Messianismp. 215
Biblical Interpretationp. 219
Teachingsp. 222
Conclusionsp. 224
Controversies about the Dead Sea Scrollsp. 227
Editing and Publishing the Scrollsp. 227
Events Since 1989p. 233
Postscriptp. 243
Indexp. 249*********
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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