9780198752639

Demographic Methods and Concepts

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780198752639

  • ISBN10:

    0198752636

  • Edition: CD
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-05-29
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Demographic Methods and Concepts presents the methods most commonly needed to work with statistical materials on population at national, regional, and local levels. Unlike other texts in the field, this book uses clear non-technical language throughout to make demographic techniques accessible to a diverse array of students, regardless of their background in mathematics. All the demographic techniques most relevant to the work of demographers, geographers, sociologists, and planners are covered. Demographic concepts and practical strategies important in the interpretation of population statistics are also included. The book is ideal for undergraduate courses in sociology, geography, economics, and statistics. Features ·Provides techniques for analysis of population at regional, local, and national scales ·Includes chapters on migration and applied demography ·Integrates computer-based learning modules--the nature of demographic concepts and visual comparisons of demographic data--throughout the text ·Employs spreadsheet exercises using demographic statistics at the end of every chapter to help students develop relevant skills Student CD-ROM--Packaged With Every Book ·Fully integrated with the text, this CD-ROM contains Excel spreadsheet modules and applications facilitating demographic studies. Companion Website http://www.oup.co.uk/best.textbooks/geography/rowland

Author Biography


Don Rowland is a Reader in Population Studies at the Australian National University, where he teaches courses on demographic methods, population trends and social changes. He has published monographs, and numerous papers in academic journals and books, focussing on migration, the family, ageing, and national population changes. His research has included many studies undertaken for Australian and international organisations, including the Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography (CICRED), the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) and the United Nations. Like many demographers, his research and teaching is undertaken in an interdisciplinary setting; interests in family sociology and social gerontology supplement his formal academic qualifications in geography and demography.

Table of Contents

Preface v
Acknowledgements vii
Introduction 1(1)
Aims and scope
2(2)
Key considerations
4(3)
Summary
7(1)
How to use this book
8(5)
Section 1 Population dynamics
Population change
13(32)
Origins of demography
14(2)
The demographic transition
16(8)
Sources of data
24(5)
Components of change
29(2)
Comparative measures
31(2)
Basic measures of change
33(2)
Interpreting changes
35(2)
Conclusion
37(8)
Study resources
39(6)
Population growth and decline
45(31)
Concepts of growth
46(11)
Analysing growth
57(4)
Geometric growth
61(3)
Exponential growth
64(4)
Growth and replacement
68(2)
Conclusion
70(6)
Study resources
71(5)
Age-sex composition
76(43)
Statistics on age
79(2)
Population pyramids
81(2)
Further methods of data visualization
83(2)
Summary measures
85(12)
Concepts in the interpretation of age-sex composition
97(10)
Conclusion
107(12)
Study resources
109(10)
Section 2 Analytical approaches
Comparing populations
119(31)
Comparing rates
121(4)
Direct standardization
125(5)
Indirect standardization
130(5)
Period and cohort analyses
135(7)
Conclusion
142(8)
Study resources
143(7)
Demographic writing
150(29)
Types of studies
152(5)
Starting demographic research
157(1)
Interpreting information
158(3)
Writing a paper
161(6)
Conclusion
167(12)
Study resources
169(10)
Section 3 Vital processes
Mortality and health
179(41)
Sources of statistics on mortality and health
180(5)
The epidemiologic transition
185(7)
Measures of mortality
192(14)
Health and illness
206(5)
Conclusion
211(9)
Study resources
213(7)
Fertility and the family
220(45)
Family change
222(1)
The second demographic transition
223(6)
Period and cohort approaches
229(1)
Period measures of fertility
230(8)
Synthetic cohort measures of fertility and replacement
238(12)
Real cohort measures of fertility
250(1)
Measures of marriage and divorce
251(4)
Conclusion
255(10)
Study resources
256(9)
Section 4 Demographic models
Life tables
265(35)
The first life tables
266(1)
Types of life tables
267(3)
Constructing complete life tables
270(15)
Constructing abridged life tables
285(7)
Conclusion
292(8)
Study resources
294(6)
Stable and stationary models
300(47)
Stable populations
301(2)
Constructing stable population models
303(9)
Model life tables
312(13)
Model stable populations
325(2)
Population momentum
327(5)
Population ageing
332(2)
Further applications of stable and stationary models
334(3)
Conclusion
337(10)
Study resources
338(9)
Section 5 Spatial patterns and processes
Population distribution
347(37)
Where people live
348(1)
Types of spatial units
349(3)
Measures of population distribution
352(11)
Housing
363(4)
Population mapping and GIS
367(1)
Types of population maps
368(8)
Conclusion
376(8)
Study resources
377(7)
Migration
384(45)
Concepts and theories
386(5)
Migration statistics
391(3)
Migration rates
394(6)
Migration effectiveness
400(1)
Migration expectancy
401(2)
Estimating migration
403(15)
Calculating survival ratios
418(3)
Conclusion
421(8)
Study resources
422(7)
Section 6 Applied demography
Population projections and estimates
429(40)
Applications and issues
433(3)
Population estimates
436(1)
Projection methods
437(5)
Calculating cohort component projections
442(5)
Elaborating the basic cohort component model
447(8)
Further methods for sub-national populations
455(7)
Conclusion
462(7)
Study resources
464(5)
Population composition
469(56)
Projecting population composition
470(1)
Labour force projections
471(2)
Projections of households and families
473(6)
Summary measures of population composition
479(11)
Multivariate measures
490(5)
Conclusion
495(10)
Study resources
497(8)
Appendices
A Basic maths
505(2)
B Using the Excel modules
507(2)
C Introduction to Excel
509(4)
D Answers to exercises
513(12)
Bibliography 525(15)
Index 540

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