Designing and Conducting Research in Education

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-10-13
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications, Inc

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


The research process in this book begins with identification of the research question and proceeds through each step including planning data collection, actual collection and analysis of the data, and writing the report. This text proceeds through multiple methodologies including experimental and non-experimental, quantitative and qualitative. At every step the emphasis is on planning and executing the study. Key features: o Simulations and feedback that may be used in class sessions for both individual and small group participation o Pedagogy to help students plan and conduct a research project in an actual classroom o Examples that demonstrate and explain what constitutes good and poor research questions o Case studies and 'real life' examples related to education o A Student Web site that provides students with the opportunity to interact with contemporary articles. This book provides an introduction to research that emphasizes the fundamental concepts of planning and design. It is designed to be a core text for the very first course on research methods.

Table of Contents

Toolbox of Educational Research
Pedagogical Features
Organization of the Text
Supplemental Materials
Overview of Researchp. 1
The Foundations of Researchp. 3
Chapter Outlinep. 3
Chapter Objectivesp. 4
Perspectives of Educational Researchp. 5
About Simulationsp. 7
Simulation 1.1p. 8
Defining Ways of Conducting Researchp. 10
Research in Actionp. 13
Foundations of Researchp. 15
Simulation 1.2p. 19
Research Types and Methods in Briefp. 19
The Research Processp. 21
Chapter Summaryp. 25
Key Termsp. 26
Student Study Sitep. 27
Simulation Feedback 1.1p. 27
Simulation Feedback 1.2p. 28
The Research Processp. 29
Chapter Outlinep. 29
Chapter Objectivesp. 30
Finding a Topic to Investigatep. 30
Steps in the Scientific Methodp. 33
Research in Actionp. 37
Simulation 2.1p. 41
Chapter Summaryp. 52
Key Termsp. 53
Student Study Sitep. 53
Simulation Feedback 2.1p. 54
Ethical Issues in Conducting Researchp. 55
Chapter Outlinep. 55
Chapter Objectivesp. 56
Ensuring the Protection of Human Participantsp. 56
Research in Actionp. 61
Simulation 3.1p. 69
Ethical Considerations in Quantitative and Qualitative Researchp. 69
Monitoring Ethics in Research: Institutional Review Boardsp. 72
Ethics and Professionalismp. 74
Chapter Summaryp. 78
Key Termsp. 79
Student Study Sitep. 79
Simulation Feedback 3.1p. 80
Participant Selection and Assignmentp. 81
Chapter Outlinep. 81
Chapter Objectivesp. 82
Participant Selectionp. 82
Research in Actionp. 84
Simulation 4.1p. 87
Participant Assignmentp. 96
Chapter Summaryp. 106
Key Termsp. 107
Student Study Sitep. 108
Simulation Feedback 4.1p. 108
Measures and Instrumentsp. 109
Chapter Outlinep. 109
Chapter Objectivesp. 110
Selection and Definition of a Criterion Measurep. 110
Research in Actionp. 113
Simulation 5.1p. 117
Instruments or Tasksp. 117
Commentsp. 131
Chapter Summaryp. 132
Key Termsp. 133
Student Study Sitep. 134
Simulation Feedback 5.1p. 134
Research Methods and Designsp. 135
Quantitative Research Methodologiesp. 137
Chapter Outlinep. 137
Chapter Obtectivesp. 138
Defining Quantitative Researchp. 138
Basic Experimental Design Formatsp. 142
Traditional Group Experimental Designsp. 150
Research in Actionp. 152
Simulation 6.1p. 155
After the Design: Analysis and Interpretationp. 158
Chapter Summaryp. 161
Key Termsp. 162
Student Study Sitep. 163
Simulation Feedback 6.1p. 164
Designing Nonexperimental Researchp. 165
Chapter Outlinep. 165
Chapter Objectivesp. 166
Defining Experimental and Nonexperimental Researchp. 166
Survey Researchp. 166
Simulation 7.1p. 170
Observation Studiesp. 174
Commentsp. 178
Research in Actionp. 179
Chapter Summaryp. 180
Key Termsp. 180
Student Study Sitep. 181
Simulation Feedback 7.1p. 182
Introduction to Qualitative Research and Mixed-Method Designsp. 183
Chapter Outlinep. 183
Chapter Objectivesp. 184
An Overview of Qualitative Researchp. 184
Simulation 8.1p. 189
Mixed-Method Designsp. 200
Research in Actionp. 202
Chapter Summaryp. 205
Key Termsp. 206
Student Study Sitep. 206
Simulation Feedback 8.1p. 207
Research Design Pitfallsp. 209
Chapter Outlinep. 209
Chapter Objectivesp. 210
Types of Design Validityp. 210
Threats to Experimental Design Validityp. 212
Research in Actionp. 228
Simulation 9.1p. 230
Standards of Rigorp. 233
Commentsp. 236
Chapter Summaryp. 237
Key Termsp. 238
Student Study Sitep. 239
Simulation Feedback 9.1p. 239
Data Analysis and Results Interpretationp. 241
Statistics Choicesp. 243
Chapter Outlinep. 243
Chapter Objectivesp. 244
Statistics: What and Whyp. 244
The Decision Tree: Moving From the Question to the Analysisp. 246
Simulation 10.1p. 249
The Importance of Data Type in Selecting Statisticsp. 249
Research in Actionp. 252
Simulation 10.2p. 254
Chapter Summaryp. 255
Key Termsp. 255
Student Study Sitep. 256
Simulation Feedback 10.1p. 256
Simulation Feedback 10.2p. 257
Data Tabulationp. 259
Chapter Outlinep. 259
Chapter Objectivesp. 260
Aggregating Datap. 260
Research in Actionp. 262
Simulation 11.1p. 264
Tablesp. 266
Graphing Datap. 273
Chapter Summaryp. 284
Key Termsp. 284
Student Study Sitep. 285
Simulation Feedback 11.1p. 285
Descriptive Statisticsp. 287
Chapter Outlinep. 287
Chapter Objectivesp. 288
Categories of Descriptive Statisticsp. 288
Research in Actionp. 289
Simulation 12.1p. 297
Simulation 12.2p. 302
Chapter Summaryp. 302
Key Termsp. 303
Student Study Sitep. 303
Simulation Feedback 12.1p. 304
Simulation Feedback 12.2p. 304
Inferential Statisticsp. 305
Chapter Outlinep. 305
Chapter Objectivesp. 306
General Background of Inferential Statisticsp. 306
Difference Questions: Which Statistic and When?p. 311
Research in Actionp. 314
Simulation 13.1p. 316
Simulation 13.2p. 316
Relationship Questions: Which Statistic and When?p. 328
Commentsp. 332
Chapter Summaryp. 333
Key Termsp. 333
Student Study Sitep. 334
Simulation Feedback 13.1p. 334
Simulation Feedback 13.2p. 334
Analyzing Qualitative Datap. 335
Chapter Outlinep. 335
Chapter Objectivesp. 336
Preliminary Analysisp. 337
Post-Data-Gathering Analysisp. 343
Simulation 14.1p. 344
Research in Actionp. 345
Inductive and Deductive Analysesp. 347
Phenomenological Analytical Techniquesp. 348
Reporting Qualitative Researchp. 350
Chapter Summaryp. 352
Key Termsp. 352
Student Study Sitep. 353
Simulation Feedback 14.1p. 353
Interpreting Resultsp. 355
Chapter Outlinep. 355
Chapter Objectivesp. 356
Research as an Integrated Processp. 356
Interpretation of Resultsp. 361
Simulation 15.1p. 362
Acquiring Interpretation Skills for Researchp. 365
Commentsp. 366
Research in Actionp. 367
Chapter Summaryp. 368
Key Termsp. 368
Student Study Sitep. 369
Simulation Feedback 15.1p. 369
Random Numbers Tablep. 370
Glossaryp. 375
Referencesp. 387
Indexp. 397
About the Authorsp. 405
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