Development Through the Lifespan

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-01-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Laura E. Berk Development Through the Lifespan, 4e What reviewers are sayinghellip; "This is the most engaging textbook I have reviewed or used... truly remarkable in its depth, research and professional, personable, and engaging writing style... This book sets a new standard of excellence....I especially liked the excellent applications-implications included... far superior to nearly all other texts I am familiar with." Dale Lund, University of Utah "One of the strengths of this book is a sense that we are learning from someone who is both a great scholar and a very wise and experienced person. Berk has credibility on both a professional and personal level . . . [The text] also offers a sense that my students are getting exposure to the best research and ideas available in my field. David Shwalb, Southeastern Louisiana University "[I appreciate the] great use of concrete, real-life examples of the various concepts throughout the chapter. This is incredibly helpful for students' learning and retention of the material." Tracie Blumentritt, University of Wisconsin La Crosse I especially like the way Dr. Berk addresses policy in this text... the Social Issues boxes are very useful in engaging students in topics of real-life importance that go beyond the individual." Ashley Maynard, University of Hawaii "This is a high-quality text with wonderful pedagogical features." Laurie Gruntmeir, Redlands Community College "One of the greatest strengths of any Berk book on human development is the quality of the research the author selects for inclusion. The timeliness and relevancy of the selected research goes a long way in enhancing the caliber of the information. The author has created a good blend of historic, classic, contemporary, and practical research, which is appropriate for the topics covered." Lanthan Camblin, University of Cincinnati "Chapter 8 is outstanding . . . The discussion of the factors that influence social and emotional adaptation illustrates the complexity of development, but in a highly readable and understandable fashion." Byron Egeland, University of Minnesota "Chapter 19 is extraordinary. Other textbooks pay lip service to the topic (of death, dying and bereavement) and have the tendency to gloss over the material. Berk has written a phenomenal chapterhellip; it is thorough, sensitive, and well written." Cheryl Anagnopoulos, Black Hills State University

Table of Contents

A Personal Note to Studentsp. xvii
Preface for Instructorsp. xviii
Theory and Research in Human Developmentp. 000
History, Theory, and Research Strategiesp. 2
Human Development as a Scientific, Applied, and Interdisciplinary Fieldp. 5
Basic Issuesp. 5
The Lifespan Perspective: A Balanced Point of Viewp. 7
Historical Foundationsp. 12
Mid-Twentieth-Century Theoriesp. 15
Recent Theoretical Perspectivesp. 20
Comparing and Evaluating Theoriesp. 26
Studying Developmentp. 27
Ethics in Lifespan Researchp. 39
Summaryp. 41
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 43
Foundations of Developmentp. 42
Biological and Environmental Foundationsp. 42
Genetic Foundationsp. 46
Reproductive Choicesp. 53
Environmental Contexts for Developmentp. 59
Understanding the Relationship Between Heredity and Environmentp. 70
Summaryp. 75
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 77
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Babyp. 78
Prenatal Developmentp. 80
Prenatal Environmental Influencesp. 85
Childbirthp. 95
Approaches to Childbirthp. 98
Medical Interventionsp. 100
Preterm and Low-Birth-Weight Infantsp. 101
Birth Complications, Parenting, and Resiliencep. 105
The Newborn Baby's Capacitiesp. 106
Adjusting to the New Family Unitp. 114
Summaryp. 115
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 117
Infancy and Toddlerhood: The First Two Yearsp. 118
Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhoodp. 118
Body Growthp. 120
Brain Developmentp. 121
Influences on Early Physical Growthp. 128
Learning Capacitiesp. 133
Motor Developmentp. 137
Perceptual Developmentp. 141
Summaryp. 148
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 149
Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhoodp. 150
Piaget's Cognitive-Developmental Theoryp. 152
Information Processingp. 160
The Social Context of Early Cognitive Developmentp. 165
Individual Differences in Early Mental Developmentp. 167
Language Developmentp. 172
Summaryp. 179
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 181
Emotional and Social Development in Infancy and Toddlerhoodp. 182
Erikson's Theory of Infant and Toddler Personalityp. 184
Emotional Developmentp. 185
Temperament and Developmentp. 190
Development of Attachmentp. 196
Self-Development During the First Two Yearsp. 206
Summaryp. 209
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 211
Milestones: Development in Infancy and Toddlerhoodp. 212
Early Childhood: Two to Six Yearsp. 214
Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhoodp. 214
Physical Developmentp. 216
Body Growthp. 216
Brain Developmentp. 217
Influences on Physical Growth and Healthp. 219
Motor Developmentp. 224
Cognitive Developmentp. 227
Piaget's Theory: The Preoperational Stagep. 227
Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theoryp. 234
Information Processingp. 236
Individual Differences in Mental Developmentp. 243
Language Developmentp. 248
Summaryp. 251
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 253
Emotional and Social Development in Early Childhoodp. 254
Erikson's Theory: Initiative versus Guiltp. 256
Self-Understandingp. 256
Emotional Developmentp. 259
Peer Relationsp. 261
Foundations of Moralityp. 264
Gender Typingp. 273
Child Rearing and Emotional and Social Developmentp. 279
Summaryp. 284
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 285
Milestones: Development in Early Childhoodp. 286
Middle Childhood: Six to Eleven Yearsp. 288
Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhoodp. 288
Physical Developmentp. 290
Body Growthp. 290
Common Health Problemsp. 291
Motor Development and Playp. 294
Cognitive Developmentp. 298
Piaget's Theory: The Concrete Operational Stagep. 298
Information Processingp. 302
Individual Differences in Mental Developmentp. 308
Language Developmentp. 315
Learning in Schoolp. 319
Summaryp. 325
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 327
Emotional and Social Development in Middle Childhoodp. 328
Erikson's Theory: Industry versus Inferiorityp. 330
Self-Understandingp. 330
Emotional Developmentp. 334
Understanding Others: Perspective Takingp. 336
Moral Developmentp. 336
Peer Relationsp. 339
Gender Typingp. 343
Family Influencesp. 344
Some Common Problems of Developmentp. 351
Summaryp. 355
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 357
Milestones: Development in Middle Childhoodp. 358
Adolescence: The Transition To Adulthoodp. 360
Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescencep. 360
Physical Developmentp. 362
Conceptions of Adolescencep. 362
Puberty: The Physical Transition to Adulthoodp. 363
The Psychological Impact of Pubertal Eventsp. 367
Health Issuesp. 371
Cognitive Developmentp. 380
Piaget's Theory: The Formal Operational Stagep. 381
An Information-Processing View of Adolescent Cognitive Developmentp. 383
Consequences of Adolescent Cognitive Changesp. 384
Sex Differences in Mental Abilitiesp. 386
Learning in Schoolp. 389
Summaryp. 395
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 397
Emotional and Social Development in Adolescencep. 398
Erikson's Theory: Identity versus Role Confusionp. 400
Self-Understandingp. 400
Moral Developmentp. 405
Gender Typingp. 411
The Familyp. 413
Peer Relationsp. 415
Problems of Developmentp. 419
Summaryp. 424
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 425
Milestones: Development in Adolescencep. 426
Early Adulthoodp. 428
Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthoodp. 428
A Gradual Transition: Emerging Adulthoodp. 430
Physical Developmentp. 431
Biological Aging Is Under Way in Early Adulthoodp. 431
Physical Changesp. 432
Health and Fitnessp. 436
Cognitive Developmentp. 449
Changes in the Structure of Thoughtp. 449
Expertise and Creativityp. 452
The College Experiencep. 453
Vocational Choicep. 454
Summaryp. 459
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 461
Emotional and Social Development in Early Adulthoodp. 462
Erikson's Theory: Intimacy versus Isolationp. 464
Other Theories of Adult Psychosocial Developmentp. 464
Close Relationshipsp. 468
The Family Life Cyclep. 474
The Diversity of Adult Lifestylesp. 483
Career Developmentp. 489
Summaryp. 493
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 495
Milestones: Development in Early Adulthoodp. 496
Middle Adulthoodp. 498
Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthoodp. 498
Physical Developmentp. 500
Physical Changesp. 500
Health and Fitnessp. 507
Adapting to the Physical Challenges of Midlifep. 512
Cognitive Developmentp. 515
Changes in Mental Abilitiesp. 515
Information Processingp. 518
Vocational Life and Cognitive Developmentp. 522
Adult Learners: Becoming a College Student in Midlifep. 523
Summaryp. 525
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 527
Emotional and Social Development in Middle Adulthoodp. 528
Erikson's Theory: Generativity versus Stagnationp. 530
Other Theories of Psychosocial Development in Midlifep. 532
Stability and Change in Self-Concept and Personalityp. 536
Relationships at Midlifep. 541
Vocational Lifep. 551
Summaryp. 556
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 557
Milestones: Development in Middle Adulthoodp. 558
Late Adulthoodp. 560
Physical and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthoodp. 560
Physical Developmentp. 562
Life Expectancyp. 562
Physical Changesp. 564
Health, Fitness, and Disabilityp. 573
Cognitive Developmentp. 587
Memoryp. 587
Language Processingp. 590
Problem Solvingp. 591
Wisdomp. 591
Factors Related to Cognitive Changep. 592
Cognitive Interventionsp. 592
Lifelong Learningp. 593
Summaryp. 595
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 597
Emotional and Social Development in Late Adulthoodp. 598
Erikson's Theory: Ego Integrity versus Despairp. 600
Other Theories of Psychosocial Development in Late Adulthoodp. 600
Stability and Change in Self-Concept and Personalityp. 604
Individual Differences in Psychological Well-Beingp. 606
A Changing Social Worldp. 610
Relationships in Late Adulthoodp. 616
Retirement and Leisurep. 625
Successful Agingp. 627
Summaryp. 629
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 631
Milestones: Development in Late Adulthoodp. 632
The End of Lifep. 634
Death, Dying, and Bereavementp. 634
How We Diep. 636
Understanding of and Attitudes Toward Deathp. 638
Thinking and Emotions of Dying Peoplep. 642
A Place to Diep. 646
The Right to Diep. 650
Bereavement: Coping with the Death of a Loved Onep. 655
Death Educationp. 659
Summaryp. 662
Important Terms and Conceptsp. 663
Glossaryp. G-1
Referencesp. R-1
Name Indexp. NI-1
Subject Indexp. SI-1
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