Developmentally Appropriate Play : Guiding Young Children to a Higher Level

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-07-01
  • Publisher: Consortium Book Sales & Dist

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Help children participate in purposeful play to promote the development of a number of important skills.

Author Biography

Gaye Gronlund is an early childhood consultant who trains early childhood educators across the country. She is a former preschool, kindergarten, and primary teacher of both regular and special education and holds a master's degree in adult learning and early childhood education. Gaye is also the author of Make Early Learning Standards Come Alive and Focused Early Learning and the coauthor of Focused Portfolios, Focused Observations, and Early Learning Standards and Staff Development.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introductionp. 1
What Can Teachers Do?p. 3
What's So Important about Play?p. 5
Not just Any Playp. 7
Teachers Are the Keyp. 8
Recognizing Three Levels of Children's Playp. 11
Putting Theory into Practicep. 13
A Hierarchy of Needs and Playp. 13
New Information, New Solutionsp. 15
Imagination, Roles, and Rulesp. 17
Chaotic, Out-of-Control Playp. 18
Simplistic and Repetitive Playp. 20
Productive, High-Level Playp. 24
Optimal Flowp. 26
Planning for Playp. 29
Create a Well-Ordered Environmentp. 31
Provide Materials that Will Engage the Childrenp. 34
Change Materialsp. 38
Write Plans for Playp. 41
Ways to Help Children Make Choicesp. 43
Help Children Make Meaningful Choicesp. 44
Establish Procedures for Making Choicesp. 45
Help Children Make Open Choicesp. 46
Place Limits on Areasp. 48
Use Choosing Boardsp. 50
Make Some Choices for Childrenp. 53
Procedures for Learning Areasp. 57
Signals to Get Children's Attentionp. 58
Allow Enough Time for Deep Play to Developp. 59
Interacting with Children to Enhance Playp. 63
Intentional Teachingp. 66
How to Get Play Startedp. 69
Know When to Enter and Exit the Playp. 71
Sustain Play through Well-Timed Interventionsp. 77
Coach and Mentor the Playersp. 84
Provoking Children into More Complex Playp. 89
Field Trips and Special Visitorsp. 93
Use Books as Provocationsp. 93
Offer New Materialsp. 94
Consider Groupings of Childrenp. 98
Provocations for Younger Preschoolersp. 100
Provocations for Older Preschoolers and Kindergartnersp. 101
Provocations and Emotionsp. 103
The Power of Emotions and Playp. 106
Adding Representation to Further Enrich Playp. 113
Photos and Documentation Displaysp. 118
Writing for Children through Scripts, Anecdotes, and Dictationp. 120
Add Writing and Drawing Materials to Play Experiencesp. 122
Create a Climate of Acceptance and Scaffold Children's Writing Effortsp. 128
Encourage Mathematical Representationp. 138
Incorporating Standards and Goals in Children's Playp. 141
Balancing Play and Standardsp. 142
Seeing Standards and Goals in Actionp. 143
Understanding Standards in Natural and Intentional Waysp. 144
Enhancing Play to Incorporate Standardsp. 149
Observe for Assessment Purposesp. 150
Observe to Determine Next Stepsp. 152
Add Challenging and Achievable Goals to Sustain Children's Interestp. 155
Help Others See Standards and Goals through Documentation Displaysp. 158
Conclusion Play Worksp. 161
Not Just Any Playp. 164
Suggested Provocationsp. 165
Ideas for Writing Materials to Accompany Dramatic Playp. 171
Referencesp. 183
Excerpt Creditsp. 189
Illustration and Photo Creditsp. 191
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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