Direct Social Work Practice Theory and Skills (with InfoTrac)

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-07-07
  • Publisher: Brooks Cole
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Through proven learning experiences that are as close to real-life practice as can be obtained from a book, DIRECT SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE: THEORY AND SKILLS prepares social work students for effective work in the field. Many of the case examples are drawn from social work practitioners as well as the authors' own practice situations. Long praised for its appropriate level of rigor, the book integrates the major theories and skills that direct social work practitioners need to understand and master--thus giving the book its reputation as the classic source for helping students learn direct practice skills. Consisting of four parts, the book begins by identifying the mission of social work, its values, and knowledge base. The authors then differentiate generalist from direct practice and explore roles of direct practitioners. Common elements amongst diverse theorists are then examined while key intervention strategies and various client population and practice settings are presented. Specifically, Part One provides the foundational/values and knowledge base material; Part Two is devoted to the beginning phase of the helping process; Part Three addresses the middle phase (goal attainment strategies), discussing four intervention approaches; and Part Four clarifies the termination phase of direct practice.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xix
Introductionp. 1
The Challenges of Social Workp. 3
The Mission of Social Workp. 5
Purposes of Social Workp. 5
Social Work Valuesp. 8
Knowledge Base of Social Work Practicep. 13
Practicing Competently: An Ethical Requirementp. 15
Summaryp. 21
Internet Resourcesp. 21
Internet Exercisep. 21
Related Online Contentp. 22
Notesp. 22
Direct Practice: Domain, Philosophy, and Rolesp. 23
Domainp. 23
A Philosophy of Direct Practicep. 27
Roles of Direct Practitionersp. 27
Summaryp. 32
Internet Resourcesp. 32
Related Online Contentp. 32
Notesp. 32
Overview of the Helping Processp. 33
Common Elements among Diverse Theorists and Social Workersp. 33
The Helping Processp. 34
The Interviewing Process: Structure and Skillsp. 43
Summaryp. 53
Internet Resourcesp. 53
Related Online Contentp. 53
Notesp. 53
Operationalizing the Cardinal Social Work Valuesp. 54
The Interaction between Personal and Professional Valuesp. 54
The Cardinal Values of Social Workp. 54
Ethicsp. 61
Summaryp. 74
Internet Resourcesp. 74
Related Online Contentp. 74
Skill Development Exercises in Managing Ethical Dilemmasp. 74
Skill Development Exercises in Operationalizing Cardinal Valuesp. 76
Notesp. 78
Exploring, Assessing, and Planningp. 79
Building Blocks of Communication: Communicating with Empathy and Authenticityp. 81
Roles of the Participantsp. 81
Communicating about Informed Consent, Confidentiality, and Agency Policiesp. 86
Facilitative Conditionsp. 86
Empathic Communicationp. 87
Developing Perceptiveness to Feelingsp. 88
Accurately Conveying Empathyp. 94
Responding with Reciprocal Empathyp. 99
Authenticityp. 106
Relating Assertively to Clientsp. 120
Summaryp. 125
Internet Resourcesp. 125
Exercises in Responding Authentically and Assertivelyp. 125
Skill Development Exercises in Empathic Communicationp. 127
Notesp. 131
Verbal Following, Exploring, and Focusing Skillsp. 132
Maintaining Psychological Contact with Clients and Exploring Their Problemsp. 132
Verbal Following Skillsp. 133
Furthering Responsesp. 133
Paraphrasing Responsesp. 134
Closed- and Open-Ended Responsesp. 135
Seeking Concretenessp. 140
Focusing: A Complex Skillp. 148
Summarizing Responsesp. 156
Analyzing Your Verbal Following Skillsp. 159
Summaryp. 161
Internet Resourcesp. 161
Related Online Contentp. 161
Notesp. 162
Eliminating Counterproductive Communication Patternsp. 163
Impacts of Counterproductive Communication Patternsp. 163
Eliminating Nonverbal Barriers to Effective Communicationp. 163
Eliminating Verbal Barriers to Communicationp. 166
Gauging the Effectiveness of Your Responsesp. 175
The Challenge of Learning New Skillsp. 176
Summaryp. 178
Internet Resourcesp. 178
Related Online Contentp. 178
Notesp. 178
Assessment: Exploring and Understanding Problems and Strengthsp. 179
The Multidimensionality of Assessmentp. 179
Defining Assessment: Process and Productp. 180
Assessment and Diagnosisp. 182
Culturally Competent Assessmentp. 183
Emphasizing Strengths in Assessmentsp. 186
Sources of Informationp. 188
Questions to Answer in Problem Assessmentp. 192
Summaryp. 205
Internet Resourcesp. 205
Related Online Contentp. 205
Notesp. 205
Assessment: Intrapersonal and Environmental Factorsp. 206
The Interaction of Multiple Systems in Human Problemsp. 206
Intrapersonal Systemsp. 206
Biophysical Functioningp. 207
Assessing Use and Abuse of Medications, Alcohol, and Drugsp. 210
Assessing Cognitive/Perceptual Functioningp. 214
Assessing Emotional Functioningp. 220
Assessing Behavioral Functioningp. 225
Assessing Motivationp. 227
Assessing Environmental Systemsp. 229
Written Assessmentsp. 235
Summaryp. 238
Internet Resourcesp. 238
Related Online Contentp. 238
Notesp. 238
Assessing Family Functioning in Diverse Family and Cultural Contextsp. 240
The Evolution of Family Systemsp. 240
Social Work Practice with Familiesp. 241
Defining Familyp. 241
Family Stressorsp. 242
A Systems Framework for Assessing Family Functioningp. 244
Systems Conceptsp. 246
Family Rulesp. 247
Content and Process Levels of Family Interactionsp. 251
Assessing Problems Using the Systems Frameworkp. 255
Dimensions of Family Assessmentp. 256
Summaryp. 281
Internet Resourcesp. 281
Related Online Contentp. 281
Notesp. 282
Forming and Assessing Social Work Groupsp. 283
Classification of Groupsp. 284
Formation of Treatment Groupsp. 285
Assessing Group Processesp. 297
Formation of Task Groupsp. 309
Summaryp. 311
Internet Resourcesp. 311
Related Online Contentp. 312
Notesp. 312
Negotiating Goals and Formulating a Contractp. 313
Goalsp. 313
Measurement and Evaluationp. 332
Contractingp. 343
Summaryp. 349
Internet Resourcesp. 354
Related Online Contentp. 354
Notesp. 354
The Change-Oriented Phasep. 355
Planning and Implementing Change-Oriented Strategiesp. 357
Planning Goal Attainment Strategiesp. 357
Models of Practicep. 362
The Task-Centered Systemp. 363
Crisis Interventionp. 380
Cognitive Restructuringp. 391
Solution-Focused Treatmentp. 403
Summaryp. 407
Internet Resourcesp. 408
Related Online Contentp. 408
Notesp. 408
Developing Resources, Planning, and Advocacy as Intervention Strategiesp. 409
Defining Macro Practicep. 410
Opportunities and Challengesp. 412
Developing and Supplementing Resourcesp. 417
Utilizing and Enhancing Support Systemsp. 421
Advocacy and Social Actionp. 425
Social Planning/Community Organizationp. 432
Strategies and Skills of Community Interventionp. 433
Improving Institutional Environmentsp. 437
Organizational Environmentsp. 438
Service Coordination and Interorganizational Collaborationp. 448
Macro Practice Evaluationp. 455
Summaryp. 456
Internet Resourcesp. 456
Related Online Contentp. 456
Notesp. 456
Enhancing Family Relationshipsp. 457
Approaches to Work with Familiesp. 457
Initial Contactsp. 459
Orchestrating the Initial Family Sessionp. 462
Intervening with Families: Cultural and Ecological Perspectivesp. 471
Intervening with Families: Focusing on the Futurep. 475
Giving and Receiving Feedbackp. 476
Intervening with Families: Strategies to Modify Dysfunctional Interactionsp. 480
Intervening with Families: Modifying Misconceptions and Distorted Perceptionsp. 489
Intervening with Families: Modifying Dysfunctional Family Alignmentsp. 491
Summaryp. 493
Internet Resourcesp. 494
Related Online Contentp. 494
Intervening in Social Work Groupsp. 495
Stages of Group Developmentp. 495
The Leader's Role in the Stages of Group Developmentp. 498
Intervention into Structural Elements of a Groupp. 499
Leader Interventions across Stages of Group Developmentp. 505
New Developments in Social Work with Groupsp. 515
Work with Task Groupsp. 517
Summaryp. 519
Internet Resourcesp. 520
Related Online Contentp. 520
Notesp. 520
Additive Empathy, Interpretation, and Confrontationp. 521
The Meaning and Significance of Client Self-Awarenessp. 521
Additive Empathy and Interpretationp. 522
Confrontationp. 528
Summaryp. 536
Internet Resourcesp. 537
Related Online Contentp. 537
Skill Development Exercises in Additive Empathy and Interpretationp. 537
Skill Development Exercises in Confrontationp. 538
Notesp. 541
Managing Barriers to Changep. 542
Barriers to Changep. 542
Relational Reactionsp. 542
Managing Opposition to Changep. 559
Summaryp. 565
Internet Resourcesp. 565
Related Online Contentp. 566
Skill Development Exercises in Managing Relational Reactions and Oppositionp. 566
Notesp. 567
The Termination Phasep. 569
The Final Phase: Evaluation and Terminationp. 571
Evaluationp. 571
Terminationp. 573
Consolidating Gains and Planning Maintenance Strategiesp. 581
Summaryp. 584
Internet Resourcesp. 584
Related Online Contentp. 584
Notesp. 585
Referencesp. 587
Author Indexp. 309
Subject Indexp. 617
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