9780190930523

Disputed Moral Issues A Reader

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780190930523

  • ISBN10:

    0190930527

  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2019-10-02
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

Ideal for courses in contemporary moral problems, applied ethics, and introduction to ethics, Disputed Moral Issues: A Reader, Fifth Edition, offers a unique pedagogical approach that bridges moral theory and applied ethics. Bringing together sixty-eight engaging articles, it also includes an accessible Moral Theory Primer (Chapter 1).

Each selection is enhanced by a host of pedagogical features, including concise summaries, reader cues referring to pertinent moral theories, and reading and discussion questions. A "Quick Guide to Moral Theories" at the front of the book and an extensive glossary of key terms are also included. A "User's Guide," which follows the preface, shows instructors how they can integrate moral theories and applied ethics into their courses.

Author Biography


Mark Timmons is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona. He is the author of Moral Theory: An Introduction, Second Edition (2012), and the editor of Conduct and Character: Readings in Moral Theory, Sixth Edition (2011), and the annually published Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics.

Table of Contents


Chapters 3-15 end with Cases for Analysis and Additional Resources.
*=New to this Edition
Quick Guide to Moral Theories
Preface
User's Guide
1. A MORAL THEORY PRIMER
1. What Is Moral Theory?
2. Eight Essential Moral Theories
A. Consequentialism
B. Natural Law Theory
C. Kantian Moral Theory
D. Rights-Based Moral Theory
E. Virtue Ethics
F. Ethics of Prima Facie Duty
G. Social Contract Theory
*H. Care Ethics
3. Coping with Many Moral Theories
2. MORAL THEORY SELECTIONS
* Mark Timmons, Why I Am Not a Moral Relativist (and Neither Are You)
J. S. Mill, Utilitarianism
St. Thomas Aquinas, Treatise on Law
Immanuel Kant, The Moral Law
John Locke, Natural Rights
W. D. Ross, What Makes Right Actions Right?
John Rawls, A Theory of Justice
Aristotle, Virtue and Character
* Stephanie Collins, Care Ethics: The Four Key Claims
3. SEX
* Immanuel Kant , On the Duties to the Body in Regard to the Sexual Impulse
* Lina Papadaki, Sexual Objectification
John Corvino, What's Wrong with Homosexuality?
* Joan McGregor, What is the Harm of Rape?
* Robin West, The Harms of Consensual Sex
4. FREEDOM OF SPEECH
* J. S. Mill, On the Liberty of Thought and Discussion
* Louise Richardson-Self, Woman-Hating: On Misogyny, Sexism, and Hate Speech
Andrew Altman, Speech Codes and Expressive Harm
* Greg Luikanoff and Jonathan Haidt, The Coddling of the American Mind
5. DRUGS AND ADDICTION
* Michael Huemer, America's Unjust Drug War
Peter de Marneffe, Decriminalize, Don't Legalize
Daniel Shapiro, Addiction and Drug Policy
6. SEXISM AND RACISM
Ann E. Cudd and Leslie E. Jones, Sexism
J. L. A. Garcia, The Heart of Racism
Tommie Shelby, Is Racism in the "Heart"?
* Elizabeth Anderson, The Future of Racial Integration
* Daniel Kelly and Erica Roedder, Racial Cognition and the Ethics of Implicit Bias
7. THE ETHICS OF IMMIGRATION
Stephen Macedo, The Moral Dilemma of U. S. Immigration Policy: Open Borders versus Social Justice
Joseph H. Carens, Migration and Morality: A Liberal Egalitarian Perspective
Christopher Heath Wellman, Immigration and Freedom of Association
Sarah Fine, Freedom of Association Is Not the Answer
8. EUTHANASIA AND PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE
James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia
Philippa Foot, Killing and Letting Die
Daniel Callahan, A Case Against Euthanasia
Michael B. Gill, A Moral Defense of Oregon's Physician-Assisted Suicide Law
David Velleman, Against the Right to Die
9. ABORTION
Patrick Lee and Robert P. George, The Wrong of Abortion
Rosalind Hursthouse, Virtue Theory and Abortion
Don Marquis, Why Abortion Is Immoral
Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion
* Margaret Little, The Moral Complexity of Abortion
10. CLONING AND GENETIC ENHANCEMENT
Leon R. Kass, Preventing Brave New World
Gregory E. Pence, Will Cloning Harm People?
Michael J. Sandel, The Case Against Perfection
Frances M. Kamm, Is There a Problem With Enhancement?
Peter Singer, Parental Choice and Human Improvement
11. THE DEATH PENALTY
Stephen Nathanson, An Eye for an Eye?
Ernest van den Haag, A Defense of the Death Penalty
Jeffrey H. Reiman, Civilization, Safety, and Deterrence
* Thaddeus Metz, African Values and Capital Punishment
12. WAR, TERRORISM, AND TORTURE
* Thomas Nagel, War and Massacre
Michael Walzer, Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses
Andrew Valls, Can Terrorism Be Justified?
Alan M. Dershowitz, Should the Ticking Bomb Terrorist Be Tortured?
Marcia Baron, The Ticking Bomb Hypothetical
13. GLOBAL ECONOMIC JUSTICE
Garrett Hardin, Lifeboat Ethics
Peter Singer, The Life You Can Save
John Arthur, World Hunger and Moral Obligation
* Thomas Pogge, World Poverty and Human Rights
* Elizabeth Ashford, Severe Poverty as an Unjust Emergency
14. THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF ANIMALS
Peter Singer, All Animals Are Equal
Carl Cohen, Do Animals Have Rights?
Peter Carruthers, Against the Moral Standing of Animals
Alastair Norcross, Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases
15. THE ENVIRONMENT, CONSUMPTION, AND CLIMATE CHANGE
William F. Baxter, People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution
Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic
Thomas E. Hill Jr., Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving the Natural Environment
Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, It's Not My Fault: Global Warming and Individual Moral Obligations
* Marion Houdequin, Climate, Collective Action, and Individual Moral Obligation
Glossary

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