The Dobe Ju/'Hoansi

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-02-27
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

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This classic, bestselling study of the !Kung San, foragers of the Dobe area of the Kalahari Desert describes a people's reactions to the forces of modernization, detailing relatively recent changes to !Kung rituals, beliefs, social structure, marriage and kinship system. It documents their determination to take hold of their own destiny, despite exploitation of their habitat and relentless development to assert their political rights and revitalize their communities. Use of the name Ju/'hoansi (meaning "real people") acknowledges their new sense of empowerment. Since the publication of the Third Edition in 2003, Richard Lee has made eight further trips to the Kalahari, the most recent in 2010 and 2011. The Dobe and Nyae Nyae Areas have continued to transform and the people have had to respond and adapt to the pressures of capitalist economics and bureaucratic governance of the Namibian and Botswana states. This Fourth Edition chronicles and bears witness to these evolving social conditions and their impacts on lives of the Ju/'hoansi.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. iii
Author's Preface to the Fourth Editionp. viii
Author's Preface to the Third Editionp. ix
Author's Preface to the Second Editionp. xi
Author's Preface to the First Editionp. xiv
A Note on the Ju Languagep. xvi
A Note on Multimedia Sourcesp. xvii
Acknowledgmentsp. xix
The Ju/'hoansip. 1
Introduction: A Voyage of Discoveryp. 1
A Waterhole Called Dobep. 3
The People of the Dobe Areap. 9
Who Are the San?p. 11
Studies of the Sanp. 11
The Dobe Areap. 14
Exploring the Dobe Areap. 15
A History of Contactp. 19
Environment and Settlementp. 25
The Dune and Molapo Systemp. 26
Water Sourcesp. 27
Faunap. 28
Climatep. 31
The Seasonal Roundp. 31
Settlement Patternsp. 35
Village Typesp. 35
The Layout of the Campp. 37
Hut and Shelter Constructionp. 38
Ethnoarcheologyp. 39
Subsistence: Foraging for a Livingp. 41
Gathering and Carryingp. 44
Carrying Devicesp. 45
Major and Minor Foodsp. 48
Food Classes and Subsistence Strategyp. 51
Huntingp. 51
Tools and Techniquesp. 53
The Joys of Trackingp. 53
Insulting the Meatp. 56
Work Effort and Caloric Returnsp. 58
The Quality and Quantity of the Dietp. 61
Ju/'hoansi Subsistence: Affluence or Anxiety?p. 63
Kinship and Social Organizationp. 65
Ju/'hoansi Living Groupsp. 67
The Kinship Systemp. 70
Kinship Ip. 71
Kinship II: Names and the Name Relationshipp. 76
Kinship III: The Principle of Wip. 79
Tontah Meets /Tontahp. 81
Marriage and Sexualityp. 85
The Arrangement of Marriagesp. 86
The Marriage-by-Capture Ceremonyp. 88
Plural Marriage and Remarriagep. 91
Intergroup Alliance and Conflictp. 94
The "Marriage" of/Tontahp. 95
Sexualityp. 97
Male and Female Among the Ju/'hoansip. 99
Complaint Discourse: Aging and Caregiving Among the Ju/'hoansip. 101
Introductionp. 101
Aging and Social Change in Ju/'hoan Societyp. 104
Field Research on Aging: The 1986-1987 Projectp. 107
Complaint Discoursep. 107
Narratives of Neglect and Abandonmentp. 110
Chu!ko's Storyp. 110
Kasupe's Storyp. 112
Entitlementp. 115
The Social Organization of Carep. 116
Conclusion: The Paradox of Sharing and Complainingp. 119
Future Prospects: How Will "Development" Affect Caregiving?p. 119
Conflict, Politics, and Exchangep. 121
Ownership and Leadershipp. 121
The Problem of the Headmanp. 122
A Fight about Adulteryp. 124
Laughter and Dangerp. 125
Deadly Combat: Ju/'hoan Stylep. 127
The End of the Fightingp. 130
Hxaro Exchangep. 130
Coping with Life: Religion, World View, and Healingp. 137
The World of the //Gangwasip. 138
High God-Low Godp. 141
How Ancestors Become Enemiesp. 142
N/um and the Giraffe Dancep. 143
Becoming a Healerp. 145
The Women's Drum Dancep. 148
Three Medicines: One Bloodp. 150
The Ju/'hoansi and Their Neighborsp. 155
Introducing the Herero and the Tswanap. 156
Ecological Changep. 158
Work Relationsp. 158
Intermarriagep. 161
Swara and the Sarwap. 162
Perceptions and Directions of Social Changep. 165
Perceptions of the White Manp. 167
Transition to Farming and Herdingp. 171
The Case of Debe and Bop. 173
Wage Work and Migrant Laborp. 174
The First Schoolp. 177
Government and the Futurep. 179
The Ju/'hoansi Todayp. 183
Dobe: Three Decades of Changep. 184
Life in the 2000sp. 186
Nyae Nyae: A Straggle for Survivalp. 190
The Plastic Stone Agep. 192
Independence and Afterp. 193
The Nyae Nyae Foundation and the Farmers' Co-opp. 194
The Land Question: A Victory for the Ju/'hoansip. 195
Ju/'hoansi in the New Millennium: Progress and Povertyp. 199
Small Victoriesp. 203
Regional Developments: Mandela and Afterp. 207
The Challenge of HIV/AIDSp. 208
Postscript: Bau Then and Nowp. 210
Tsumkwe at 50: The 2010 Social Survey of a Namibian Ju/'hoan Townp. 215
A Brief Historyp. 215
Methodsp. 218
Subsistence Strategies: Reliance on Wild, Farmed, or Store Bought Foodp. 218
Degree of Dependence on the Cash Economyp. 219
Health Issues: Malaria, TB, HIV/AIDSp. 220
Religious Practices: Indigenous or Missionary Derivedp. 221
Education: Levels of Schoolingp. 222
Attitudes Towards Old and New Ways of Life: Do You Like the Bush?p. 223
Shebeens: Conviviality, or the Road to Ruin?p. 225
Conclusionsp. 226
Anthropological Practice and Lessons of the Ju/'hoansip. 229
The Changing Image of the Ju/'hoansip. 234
Science (Re)Discovers Equalityp. 236
Postscript: The/Gwihaba Dancersp. 239
Eating Christmas in the Kalaharip. 245
The Kalahari Debate: Ju/'hoan Images of the Colonial Encounterp. 253
Glossary of Ju/'hoan and Other Non-English Termsp. 269
Films and Media on the Ju/'hoansi: An Annotated Listp. 271
References Cited and Recommended Readingsp. 277
Indexp. 287
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