Drawing Essentials A Guide to Drawing from Observation

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-03-28
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Ideal for introductory studio art courses in drawing, Drawing Essentials: A Guide to Drawing from Observation thoroughly covers the three drawing subcategories that are most important at the foundation level--basic drawing (non-subject specific), figure drawing, and perspective drawing--explaining clearly and in depth the elements that are essential to depicting form and space on a two-dimensional surface. Addressing and illustrating studio experiences that are not effectively dealt with in other drawing books, this unique text elucidates such fundamental (yet challenging) concepts and methods as the process of sighting; scaling techniques; meaningful and descriptive line variation; observation and development of tonal structure; creation of interesting and instructive still lifes; the conceptual impact of still-life objects; the unique challenges of the human figure and portraiture; basic and advanced perspective systems; brainstorming and the generation of ideas; and the use of photographs as reference. Throughout, award-winning artist, teacher, and author Deborah Rockman focuses on the cultivation of observational skills, increased sensitivity, critical thinking, technical refinement, and knowledge of materials. Drawing Essentials further distinguishes itself from other texts on the market by including many high-quality student works drawn from Rockman's twenty-seven years of teaching experience, as well as carefully selected works from historical masters and numerous contemporary artists for whom drawing is a primary studio practice. In addition, Rockman provides students with invaluable practical material, including coverage of various traditional and nontraditional drawing media and surfaces and information on alternative processes that can be combined with drawing. Drawing Essentials also provides powerful examples of what more advanced students can accomplish with a strong foundation drawing background. An exceptional, all-in-one, and affordable resource on drawing, figure drawing, and perspective, Drawing Essentials helps students to develop a thorough understanding of drawing fundamentals, which in turn will prepare them for more advanced experiences with drawing and the myriad possibilities that it offers.

Table of Contents

Essential Skills and Information
What Every Student Should Know About Drawing Sighting and the Use of a Sighting Stick
Why Use Sighting?
Guidelines for Sighting
Applications of Sighting
Transferring Sighting Observations to a Drawing Surface
The Technique of Scaling to Determine Accurate Size Relationships
Establishing Scale Successfully
The Process of Scaling
General Guidelines for Scaling
The Principles of Composition
Theory Versus Application
Review of Some Simple Definitions
Visual Principles of Composition
Variable Compositional Elements to Consider
Using a Viewfinder
What Does It Do for You?
General Guidelines Concerning Composition
Thumbnail Studies as a Method for Exploring Composition
The Golden SectionWhat Is the Golden Section?
Constructing a Golden Rectangle
The Fibonacci Series
The Illusion of Space and Depth on a Two-Dimensional Surface
Methods for Indicating Space and Depth
Different Kinds of Space
The Volumetric and Spatial Effects of Color
Line Variation and Sensitivity
Working from General to Specific
The Medium and Surface
What Is Meant by Sensitive Line?
Achieving Line Variation and Line Sensitivity
Different Kinds and Functions of Line
Working with Value Structure
A General-to-Specific Approach to Building Value Structure
Using Value to Establish an Effect or a Mood
Value and Texture
Four Things to Look for When Identifying Value Structure on a Form
Various Methods for Applying Value
Exercises for Promoting a General-to-Specific Approach
Controlling Some Variables of Value Structure
Creating an Effective Still Life
What Kind of Objects Should Be Included?
Additional Considerations for Still Lifes
The Meaning of Still-Life Objects
Using Photographic References
Essential Drawing Principles in Relation to the Human Figure
The Human Figure
Why Study the Human Figure?
Classroom Etiquette When Drawing from a Model
The Process of Sighting in Relation to the Human Form
Comparative Proportions in the Male and Female Figure
Gesture Drawing or Rapid Contour DrawingSeeing Is the Key
Using Axis Lines
Keeping It Simple
Setting the Pace
Working from the Inside Out
Enhancing the Illusion of Volume and Space in the Human FormLine Variation in Figure Drawing
Scaling Techniques in Figure Drawing
A General-to-Specific Approach to Form and Value in Figure Drawing
An Introduction to Portraiture
Common Errors
General Guidelines for Locating Facial Features and Other Landmarks
The Features and Other Significant Aspects of Portraiture
An Alternative Viewpoint in Portraiture
Mapping the Figure in SpaceDrawing the Figure in an Observed Environment
Using Straight-Line Construction
Creating Visual Paths of Movement
The Figure and AnatomyArtistic Anatomy Versus Medical Anatomy
Anatomy Reveals Itself
Major Bones of the Human Skeletal Structure
Bony and Other Landmarks in the Figure
Superficial Muscles of the Human Figure
Anatomical Terminology
Spatial Thinking and Visualization
The Essential Principles ofPerspective Drawing
An Introduction to PerspectiveWhat Is Perspective?
Different Types of Perspective
Basic Principles of Linear Perspective
Perspective and Sighting
Limitations of Linear Perspective
Recommended Sequencing for Maximum Comprehension
Suggestions for Effective Perspective Drawing
Perspective Materials List
The Terminology of Perspective
Primary Working Terminology
Related Terminology
Additional Useful Terminology
Perspective and CubesConstructing a Cube in One-Point Perspective
Constructing a Cube in Two-Point Perspective Based on Estimation of
Cube Depth in Relation to Cube Height
Estimating Cube Depth in Two-Point Perspective
Using Perspective Grids
Constructing a Gridded Ground Plane in One-Point Perspective
Constructing a Gridded Ground Plane in Two-Point Perspective
Increasing Complexity in the Perspective Environment
Multiple or Sliding Vanishing Points
Cube Multiplication
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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