The Dynamics of Democratization A Comparative Approach

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-01-31
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
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A systematic comparison of three cases of democratization and regime transformation in Europe since 1945, this book highlights diversities of historical context

Author Biography

Geoffrey Pridham is Professor of European Politics and Director of the Centre for Mediterranean Studies at the University of Bristol.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Theory of regime change and interactive dynamicsp. 1
Democratization studies and new challengesp. 1
Transitology and consolidology: a critical reviewp. 4
Defining democratizationp. 16
Democratization: a model of interactive dynamicsp. 24
Historical determinants of democratizationp. 29
Bringing history back inp. 29
History and democratization theoryp. 31
'Confining conditions': historical patterns and historical memoryp. 34
Historical legacies and 'overcoming the past'p. 42
Political learning and anticipating democratic consolidationp. 53
Regime change and historical perspectivesp. 57
Non-democratic regimes, deconsolidation and authoritarian breakdownp. 59
Focusing on authoritarian breakdownp. 59
Non-democratic regimes: their deterioration and liberalizationp. 63
The emergence of 'preferable alternatives' and societal pressures under authoritarian rulep. 77
Authoritarian collapse and the shift to democratic transitionp. 89
Formal regime change, the constitutional dimension and institutional designp. 93
Institutional design and democratizationp. 93
Motivation in formal regime change: backwards institutionalization and transition dynamicsp. 98
The constituent process and institutional designp. 107
The consequences of institutional choice: forwards institutionalization and the prospects for democratic consolidationp. 127
Actors, linkages and democratizationp. 136
Theorizing about elite choicep. 136
Actor differentiation and elite autonomyp. 140
Political elites, party development and democratic consolidationp. 148
The military, non-political elites and regime change dynamicsp. 164
Inter-elite relations and the democratization processp. 177
Economic transformation, policy performance and new regime consolidationp. 180
Approaching dual transformationp. 180
Policy performance, economic transformation and regime changep. 184
Economic policy consequences for regime consolidationp. 203
New democracies and dual transformationp. 217
Creating democratic traditions: top-down/bottom-up dynamics on the road to consolidationp. 220
Democratization and societyp. 220
Top-down interactions: vertical dynamics in democratizationp. 223
Civil society and the achievement of democratic consolidationp. 233
Fostering democratic traditionsp. 247
Stateness, national identity and democratizationp. 252
Focusing on the third transformationp. 252
The crisis of state authority and the challenge of nation-buildingp. 256
Ethnicity and the prospects for democratic consolidationp. 273
Democratization and the third tranformationp. 282
The international dimensions of democratizationp. 285
Regime change and international factorsp. 285
Theorizing about external causes of democratizationp. 289
European integration and democratic consolidation: external influences and interactions with domestic politicsp. 299
Consolidating new democracies in the international contextp. 312
Conclusionp. 315
Indexp. 324
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