Earth's Climate : Past and Future

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-10-12
  • Publisher: W. H. Freeman
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Written from a multidisciplinary perspective by one of the field's preeminent researcher/instructors,Earth's Climate: Past and Futurebecame a classroom favorite by providing an expert summary of climate change past, present, and future. The text worked equally well as either a nonmajors introduction to Earth system science or climate change, or as an upper-undergraduate-level overview of the processes and techniques in climate science. The new edition incorporates coverage of climatological events and research discoveries in the seven years since the first edition, most importantly the now broadly accepted understanding that humans play a major role in warming the planet. It also incorporates changes designed to make the material more accessible to an introductory-level audience.

Table of Contents

Preface Part I Framework of Climate Science
Overview of Climate Science Climate and Climate Change
Geologic Time
How This Book Is Organized Development of Climate Science
How Scientists Study Climate Change Overview of the Climate System
Components of the Climate System
Climate Forcing
Climate System Responses
Time Scales of Forcing versus Response
Differing Response Rates and Climate-System Interactions
Feedbacks in the Climate System Tools of Climate Science Temperature Scales Climate Interactions and Feedbacks: Positive and Negative Feedbacks
Climate Archives, Data, and Models Climate Archives, Dating, and Resolution
Types of Archives
Dating Climate Records
Climatic Resolution Climatic Data
Biotic Data
Geological and Geochemical Data Climate Models
Physical Climate Models
Geochemical Models Part II Tectonic-Scale Climate Change
CO2 and Long-Term Climate Greenhouse Worlds Faint Young Sun Paradox Carbon Exchanges between Rocks and the Atmosphere
Volcanic Input of Carbon from Rocks to the Atmosphere
Removal of CO2 from the Atmosphere by Chemical Weathering Climatic Factors That Control Chemical Weathering Is Chemical Weathering Earth’s Thermostat?
Greenhouse Role of Water Vapor Is Life the Ultimate Control on Earth’s Termostat?
Gaia Hypothesis Was There a “Thermostat Malfunction”? A Snowball Earth? Looking Deeper into Climate Science Organic Carbon Cycle
Plate Tectonics and Long-Term Climate Plate Tectonics
Structure and Composition of Tectonic Plates
Evidence of Past Plate Motions Polar Position Hypothesis
Glaciations and Continental Positions since 500 Myr Ago Modeling Climate on the Supercontinent Pangaea
Input to the Model Simulation of Climate on Pangaea
Output from the Model Simulation of Climate on Pangaea Tectonic Control of CO2 Input: BLAG Spreading-Rate Hypothesis
Control of CO2 Input by Seafloor Spreading
Initial Evaluation of the BLAG Spreading Rate Hypothesis Tectonic Control of CO2 Removal: Uplift-Weathering Hypothesis
Rock Exposure and Chemical Weathering
Case Study: The Wind River Basin of Wyoming
Uplift and Chemical Weathering
Case Study: Weathering in the Amazon Basin
Weathering: Both a Climate Forcing and a Feedback? Looking Deeper into Climate Science Brief Glaciation 440 Myr Ago
Greenhouse Climate What Explains the Warmth 100 Myr Ago?
Model Simulations of the Cretaceous Greenhouse
What Explains the Data-Model Mismatch?
Relevance of Past Greenhouse Climate to the Future Sea Level Changes and Climate
Causes of Tectonic-Scale Changes in Sea Level
Effect of Changes in Sea Level on Climate Asteroid Impact Large and Abrupt Greenhouse Episode near 50 Myr Ago Looking Deeper into Climate Science Calculating Changes in Sea Level
From Greenhouse to Icehouse: The Last 50 Million Years Global Climate Change Since 50 Myr Ago
Evidence from I
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