Eastern Philosophy: The Basics

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2012-09-11
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Eastern Philosophy: The Basicsis an essential introduction to major Indian and Chinese philosophies, both past and present. Exploring familiar metaphysical and ethical questions from the perspectives of different Eastern philosophies, including Confucianism, Daoism, and strands of Buddhism and Hinduism, this book covers key figures, issues, methods and concepts. Questions discussed include: What is the 'self'? Is human nature inherently good or bad? How is the mind related to the world? How can you live an authentic life? What is the fundamental nature of reality? Throughout the book the relationships between Eastern Philosophy, Western Philosophy and the questions reflective people ask within the contemporary world are brought to the fore. With timelines highlighting key figures and their contributions, a list of useful websites and further reading suggestions for each topic, this engaging overview of fundamental ideas in Eastern Philosophy is valuable reading for all students of philosophy and religion, especially those seeking to understand Eastern perspectives.

Author Biography

Victoria S. Harrison is Reader in Philosophy at the University of Glasgow, UK. She has extensive experience of teaching Indian, and Chinese philosophies at undergraduate level in both the UK and the USA.

Table of Contents

List of figures and tablesp. xiii
Acknowledgementsp. xiv
Introductionp. 1
What is 'eastern philosophy'?p. 1
Philosophy as a cross-cultural phenomenonp. 4
Philosophical questionsp. 6
Philosophy in Indiap. 6
Philosophy in Chinap. 14
Terminology and translationsp. 19
The philosopher's dilemmap. 21
What happens next?p. 22
References and further readingp. 23
Reasonp. 25
Ignorancep. 25
Argumentp. 27
Debatep. 29
Knowledgep. 32
Inferencep. 35
Causationp. 37
Scepticismp. 39
Perspectivesp. 42
Logicp. 43
Summary of Chapter 1p. 47
References and further readingp. 47
Realityp. 49
Originsp. 50
Existencep. 55
Monismp. 55
Dualismp. 62
Pluralismp. 67
Experiencep. 69
The nature of thingsp. 70
Ultimate realityp. 72
Summary of Chapter 2p. 73
References and further readingp. 73
Personsp. 75
Self and worldp. 75
Self in the Upanisadsp. 79
Rebirthp. 80
Karmap. 81
Freedomp. 85
Individualsp. 86
No abiding selfp. 88
Dependent co-arisingp. 95
Liberationp. 98
Summary of Chapter 3p. 99
References and further readingp. 99
Virtuep. 101
Traditionp. 101
The Wayp. 105
Virtue and relationshipsp. 106
Goodnessp. 107
Ritesp. 108
Self-cultivationp. 110
Impartial carep. 112
Human naturep. 117
Altruismp. 123
Summary of Chapter 4p. 125
References and further readingp. 126
Authenticityp. 128
Egoismp. 129
Daop. 131
Naturep. 134
Passivityp. 134
Oppositesp. 135
Vicep. 137
Non-actionp. 138
Ways of beingp. 140
Exemplary personsp. 144
Legalismp. 147
Summary of Chapter 5p. 148
References and further readingp. 149
Mindp. 152
Words and thingsp. 153
Individuals and universalsp. 155
Emptiness and insightp. 155
Enlightenmentp. 163
Principlesp. 165
The problem of the many and the onep. 167
Transcendence and immanencep. 168
Introspectionp. 170
Universal Mindp. 172
Sagelinessp. 174
Summary of Chapter 6p. 175
References and further readingp. 176
Conclusionp. 178
Unexplored terrainp. 182
Global philosophyp. 182
References and further readingp. 183
timelinesp. 185
websitesp. 188
pronunciationp. 190
General bibliographyp. 192
Indexp. 194
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