An EasyGuide to APA Style

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  • Format: Spiral Bound
  • Copyright: 2011-02-15
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications, Inc
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Written by experienced psychology instructors who are respected member of the APA's Teaching of Psychology division, this guide provides an easy alternative for anyone struggling with APA style. Written in a clear, conversational, and sometimes humorous style, this book presents easy-to understand explanations of how to write research papers, cite research, and do any work requiring APA format. The authors demystify the process with easy-to-follow advice, tips, and visual representations of how to use APA style.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Our Reader-Friendly Approachp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
About the Authorsp. xv
Style Versus Format: Why It Matters to Your Audience and Why It Should Matter to Youp. 3
What Is the Difference Between APA Style and APA Format?p. 4
Why APA Style Anyway? Wasn't MLA Good Enough?p. 6
In the Long Run, Attention to Detail Matters (Including APA Style and Format)p. 7
Write for Your Specific Audience: Term Papers Versus Formal Research Papersp. 8
Your Visual Table of Contents QuickFinderp. 10
The Sample Paper With Content and Page Numbersp. 12
Writing with (APA) Style: Big Picture Items
Bare-Bones Fundamentals: General Writing Tips Specific to APA Stylep. 27
Clear and Succinct Writingp. 27
Commonly Confused Words in Psychologyp. 28
Subject-Verb Agreementp. 30
Active Voice Versus Passive Voice in APA Stylep. 31
A Quick Grammar Summary for APA-Style Writingp. 34
Parts of a Sentencep. 35
Parts of Speechp. 36
Common Grammar Mistakes to Avoidp. 38
Thou Shalt Not Steal (or Be Lazy): Plagiarism and How to Avoid Itp. 44
But I Didn't Know …p. 44
It Sounds Like a Bad Wordp. 45
Quoting: More Than Just a Copy and Pastep. 46
Paraphrasing: In Your Own Wordsp. 48
An Author's License (Yours): Modifying Source Materialp. 48
But I Can Freely Use My Own Work, Right?p. 49
How About This for a Plagiarism Awareness Exercise?p. 49
Avoiding Biased Languagep. 50
The Fundamental Lesson: View People as Individuals Firstp. 50
Specifie Recommendations for Reducing Bias: Nonsexist Language and Other Areasp. 51
Sexual Orientationp. 51
Racial and Ethnic Identityp. 52
Disabilitiesp. 53
Occupationsp. 53
Gender and Pronouns: With an Indefinite Recommendationp. 54
Writing with (APA) Style: Getting Down to Business
Whodunnit (or Said It)? Citing References in Textp. 59
A Good Rule of Thumbp. 59
Ready, Cite, GOp. 60
In-Text Citation Basicsp. 61
A Variation on the Themep. 62
What Do I Do When I Need to Cite More Than One Article in the Same Spot?p. 63
What If I Have Two or More Articles by the same Author and Some Are the Same Year?p. 64
What If I Have Two or More Articles by Authors With the Same Last Name?p. 64
How Do I Cite an Article or Document From a Website?p. 64
If I Refer to the Same Article More Than Once in the Same Paragraph Do I Cite It Every Time?p. 65
How Do I Cite an Article That I Read About in Another Article or Book?p. 66
How Do I Cite a Lecture, an E-Mail, or a Conversation?p. 66
There Is a Method to the Madnessp. 67
Where in the Flow of Pages Do You Place the Method Section?p. 67
Where Does This Information Go in the Method Section?p. 69
Subjects/Participants Subsectionp. 69
Materials and Apparatusp. 71
Procedurep. 73
Formatting Your Method Sectionp. 75
And the Winner Is? Writing Your Results and Associated Funp. 76
Let's Talk Statisticsp. 77
Basics and Beyondp. 78
Formatting Your Results Paragraphp. 81
Including Effect Size and Powerp. 82
Everybody Needs Referencesp. 83
A Helpful Notep. 83
Creating Your Reference Sectionp. 83
Using Abbreviationsp. 85
The Basicsp. 86
Basic Reference Section Formatting Rulesp. 92
Some of the Not-So-Basic Rules You Might Needp. 93
Presenting Your Work in APA Format
The Numbers Game: How to Write Numbers (and When the Rules Change)p. 97
When You Use Numeralsp. 98
When You Use Wordsp. 99
Using Both Numerals and Wordsp. 100
How to Use Decimal Pointsp. 101
How Many Numbers Should Be Written After the Decimal Point?p. 101
Additional Rules for Including Numbers in Your Paperp. 102
Metricationp. 102
When Do You Use Abbreviations?p. 103
Formatting: Organizing, Headings, and Making Your Work Look Good to Printp. 106
What Goes Where?p. 106
What Your Paper Should Look Likep. 107
Headingsp. 109
Spelling Matters: Spelling Rules and Capitalizationp. 111
Final Touchesp. 115
Table That Motion: The Special Challenges of Tables and Figuresp. 116
What's Whatp. 116
Getting the Look Downp. 117
A Note on ˘Notes÷p. 121
Figuring It Outp. 121
Get Legendary (and Use Captions)p. 123
Where to Place Tables and Figuresp. 123
But I Am Doing a Literature Review: Coul0d I Use a Table or Figure?p. 124
Don't Forgetp. 124
Make Microsoft Word 2007 Work for You: APA Formattingp. 125
Word 2007 Tabs and Drop-Down Menusp. 125
Setting the Marginsp. 126
Line Spacing and Spacing Between Paragraphsp. 127
Page Headers (First Page and Subsequent Pages) and Page Numberingp. 129
Tabs, Centering, and the Rulerp. 132
References and the Hanging Indentp. 134
Preparing a Table (Rows, Columns, Lines, Centering)p. 136
Fonts and Font Variations (Italics, Bold, Superscript)p. 138
Page Breaks, Orphans, and Widowsp. 139
Spell-Checker and Grammar Checkerp. 140
Developing Good Habits: Autosave, File Naming, File Storage, Frequent Backupsp. 141
Some Nitty-Gritty Details
Making a List, Checking It Twice: Enumeration and Seriationp. l45
Why Bother?p. l45
Keeping Order at the Section Levelp. 146
Order Within Paragraphs or Sentencesp. 147
On a Related Notep. l48
The Devil Is in the Details: Abbreviations, Signs, Symbols, and Punctuationp. 149
OMG: To Abbreviate or Not?p. l49
Blinding You With Science and Latinp. 150
Punctuationp. 151
In Closing: Important Considerations
Using Rubrics: Knowing What It Means to Write a Good Paperp. 155
Follow Rubrics When Providedp. 155
Example Rubricp. 156
Get It Right! Proofreading the Entire Paperp. 158
Sample Student Paper for Practicing Proofreadingp. 163
Complete Sample of an Experimental Paper: Samples, Anyone?p. 170
Sample Paperp. 172
Additional Resources on Writingp. 185
All Together Now: How to Avoid the Most Common Mistakesp. 186
APA Style and Format Checklistp. 187
Be Aware of Professors' Pet Peevesp. 191
Error List for Chapter18p. 193
APA Style and Format Checklistp. 196
Referencesp. 198
Indexp. 202
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