Educational Leadership and Planning for Technology

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-05-13
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Technology in schools has evolved from the predominance of stand-alone computers to a blend of computer, media, communications, and other forms of technology dominated by the ubiquitous Internet and World Wide Web. In addition, K-12 education has evolved into a much more outcomes-driven enterprise that depends upon technology and data to perform many of its basic functions. #xA0; #xA0; The newly revised fifth edition of Educational Leadership and Planning for Technologyprovides educators with both the theoretical and the practical considerations for planning and implementing technology in today#x19;s schools, with an emphasis on the total application of technology including both administrative and instructional uses. Designed for preservice and inservice educators such as administrators, teachers, technology coordinators, and media specialists, this fifth edition text builds a strong foundation from which educators may provide informed leadership and become agents for realizing the powerful potential of technology in their schools. #xA0; "I have used the textbook in teaching my course, Leadership in Educational Technology, in an online format the past four springs.#xA0; I began the course and found this text to be the best available. I am still of that opinion." --Patrick Durow, Creighton University "I have used this text primarily because of it's accessible writing and it's completeness of coverage. I do not use many texts in my teaching, so it is a compliment to any author when I can use their work in my courses." --Steven Smith, Northern Kentucky University

Author Biography

Anthony G. Picciano is the author of nine books in the fields of educational leadership, technology, and research methods, including Blended Learning: Research Perspectives (Sloan Consortium, 2007) and the Educational Research Primer (Continuum, 2004). Picciano is a professor in the Education Administration and Supervision Program in the School of Education at Hunter College. He is also a member of the faculty in the Ph.D. Program in Urban Education, the doctoral program in Interactive Pedagogy and Technology, and the CUNY Online BA Program in Communication and Culture at the City University of New York Graduate Center.  His teaching specialties include educational technology, organization theory, policy, and research methods.

Table of Contents

SECTION I Basic Concepts and Foundations

1 Introduction to Technology and Planning


The Potential in Primary and Secondary Schools

The Beginning Years

Steady Progress in Administrative Systems
Instructional Systems Show Promise

The Need for Planning

The Systems Approach



Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



2 Basic Concepts of Planning

Planning Fundamentals

Schools as Social Systems

Evaluating the Bottom Line: The Social Process and Rational Models

Common Elements of Educational Planning





Planning for Technology

Taking a Positive Attitude to Evaluation

Administrative and Instructional Applications

Planning for Administrative Applications

Planning for Instructional Applications

Case Study


Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



3 Technology, Learning, and Equity Issues
Technocentric Education

When Should Computer Education Begin?

Special Education

Gender Issues

Digital Divide Issues

Case Study


Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



SECTION II Technology in Action

4 Technology for School Leadership

Knowledge Is Power

The Age of Knowledge


Electronic Spreadsheets

Office Automation

Specialized Administrative Applications

Integrating It All Together: Data-Driven Decision Making

Case Study


Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



5 Wisdom and Data-Driven Decision Making

Defining Data-Driven Decision Making

Information Infrastructure  

Hardware for Effective Data Management and Access

Software for Data Management and Analysis

People, Decision Making, and the

Social Nature of Information

The Data Analyst

Data-Driven Decision Making Applications

School Enrollment Projections

Improving Teaching and Learning

The Anatomy of a Survey

Evaluation and Nurturing the Process


Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



6. Technology in Instruction

Instructional Computing: A New Beginning

Instructional Computing: Some History

A Brief Review of the Research

Defining Technology’s Role: A Touch of Philosophy

Classification Systems and Definitions of Terms

Instructional Software Tools


Basic Technology Tools

Word Processing and Desktop Publishing



Electronic Encyclopedias and Reference Works

Specialized Tools and Probeware

Electronic Textbooks (EBooks)

Learning Tools

Drill and Practice



Instructional Gaming, Problem Solvingand MUVEs

Programming and Authoring Tools


High-Level Programming Languages
Authoring Languages

Integrated Learning Systems
Multimedia: A Brief Word
Data Communications
Curriculum Integration and Planning
Case Study
Key Concepts and Questions
Suggested Activities


7 Multimedia in Education
Multimedia Defined
Multimedia for Multiple Intelligences
Multimedia Literacy
Multimedia Technology

Five Levels of Digital Media

The Evolution of Video Technology


Analog Videodisc Technology

Digital Versatile Disc Technology

Multimedia Software


Image, Video, and Sound Editing

Digital Animation

Multimedia for Teaching and Learning

Multimedia Resources and Copyrights

Media Distribution Systems - Whiteboards

Case Study


Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



8 Data Communications, the Internet, and Educational Applications
Data Communications in the Schools

The Internet

A Brief History

The Internet Today

The Future of the Internet

The World Wide Web

Protocols and Client Servers

Uniform Resource Locator (URL)

Web Browsers and Search Engines

Commercial Online Services

Applications on the Internet

Multimedia and the Web

Designing Multimedia for Web-Based Learning

Desktop Videoconferencing

The Internet and Education

Global E-Mail

Information Navigation

Creating Web Sites

Blogging on the Web

Course Management Software (CMS)

The Internet and Distance Learning


Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



9 Distance Learning
Distance Learning Defined

Distance Learning Technologies: An Overview

Blended Learning

The Extent of Distance Learning in K-12 Education

Designing Instructional Materials: A Comparison of Distance Learning Technologies

The Interactive Videoconference

Asynchronous Learning Using the Internet and World Wide Web

Blended Learning Course

Distance Learning Providers

Distance Learning: Some Issues

The Future of K-12 Distance Learning

Case Study


Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



SECTION III Planning and Implementation

10 Hardware and Software Evaluation

Decisions, Decisions, Decisions

A Look at Hardware

A Look at Software

Hardware Evaluation Criteria





Software Availability



Software Evaluation Criteria


Ease of Use


Hardware Requirements



Issues in Evaluating Hardware

Evaluating Hardware for Administrative Applications

Evaluating Hardware for Instructional Applications

Mainframes and Servers

Bulk Purchasing, State Contracts and Life Cycles</INST> </PG></H2>

Issues in Evaluating Software

Administrative Software Evaluation

Instructional Software Evaluation  

Open Source Software

Software Life Cycles 

Case Study


Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



11 People, Technology and Professional Development

A Long Way to Go

The Professional Development Planning Model

Who Learns?

Different Alternatives for Different Needs

Designing and Implementing Effective Staff Development Programs

Hands-On Activities

One-on-One Coaching

Training the Trainer

Teachers Need Equipment, Too!


Evaluation and Review

A Continuous Process


Case Study


Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



12 Facilities, Policies and Procedures
Getting Bigger

Staffing and Administration

Central Laboratories

Physical Environment

Facilities for Administrative Applications

Facilities for Instructional Applications

Data Communications Facilities and Information Infrastructur

Hardware Maintenance

Making Repairs

Providing Preventive Maintenance


Software Maintenance and Distribution

Policies, Procedures, and Documentation





The Helping Place

Case Study


Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



13 Financial Planning

Technology Can Be Expensive

The Cost-Effectiveness of Technology

A Time Line for Financial Planning

The Budget Worksheet

A Budget Modeland Total Cost of Ownership

Special Considerations of Budgeting for Computer Applications

Opting for Centralized or Decentralized

Computer Facilities

Hiring a Consultant

Standardizing on a Common Vendor

Hardware First, Other Needs Later?

Choosing a Purchasing Plan

Sources of Funds

The School District Budget

Bond Issues

Governmental Entities

Gifts and Grants

Case Study


Key Concepts and Questions

Suggested Activities



Appendix A Basic Concepts of Computer Technology

Appendix B Educational Leader Competencies

Appendix C Instructional Software Evaluation Factors



Rewards Program

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