Educational Technology for Teaching and Learning

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-01-01
  • Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
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The third edition of Educational Technology for Teaching and Learning introduces teachers to the approaches, methods, and procedures for integrating not only computers but also other media into the curriculum. This concise book provides the basics for becoming a knowledgeable educator in the 21st century: understanding the foundations of learning and technology; planning technology/media-supported learning experiences, integrating technology and media meaningfully into the curriculum, and ensuring the success of technology/media-supported lessons.

Author Biography

Jim Russell is Professor Emeritus of Educational Technology at Purdue University and Visiting Professor at Florida State University.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Educational Technologyp. 1
Introduction to Learning and Technologyp. 3
Welcomep. 4
Making a Comparison: A Construction Metaphor
Vision of the Text: Where Are We Going?p. 4
Learningp. 5
What Exactly Is Learning?
How Does Learning Typically Occur?
Why Is the Study of Learning Important?
Plan, Implement, Evaluate (PIE): A Reliable Model to Impact Learning
How Can the Learning Experience Be Enhanced?
The Teacher as Instructional Expert
The Learning Environment: Shifts Toward Learner-Centered Instruction
Technologyp. 13
Why Is the Study of Technology Important?
What Exactly Is Educational Technology?
How Is Educational Technology Utilized?
What Is the Meaningful Integration of Technology?
How Is the Meaningful Integration of Technology Accomplished?
The Role of Instructionp. 19
Instructional Design
Instructional Media
Instructional Computing
Summaryp. 22
Suggested Resourcesp. 22
Theory into Applicationp. 24
Introductionp. 25
The Value of Theoryp. 25
Learning Theoryp. 26
Behavioral Perspective
Information Processing Perspective
Constructivist Perspective
Selecting Theoretical Principlesp. 38
Summaryp. 40
Suggested Resourcesp. 40
Computers and Computer Tools for Teaching and Learningp. 42
Introductionp. 43
Understanding Computer Systemsp. 43
Computer Operation
Computer System Evaluation and Acquisitionp. 47
Troubleshooting Computer Problemsp. 49
Computer as Teacher, Learner, and Assistantp. 52
Computer Toolsp. 53
Word Processors
Graphics Tools
Presentation Software
Computer Databases
Electronic Spreadsheets
Telecommunications Tools
Other Tools
Summaryp. 64
Suggested Resourcesp. 64
Planning the Technology-Enhanced Learning Experiencep. 67
Technology and Instructional Situations: Understanding Learners, Learning Objectives, and Learning Environmentsp. 69
Introductionp. 70
Overview of Instructional Planningp. 70
Studentsp. 71
Socioeconomic Status
Culture and Ethnicity
Existing Knowledge of the Content
Learning Style
Special Needs
Technology Literacy
Diversity as an Asset
Objectivesp. 79
Sources of Objectives
Specifying Lesson Objectives
Composing Objectives
Learning Environmentp. 83
Summaryp. 84
Suggested Resourcesp. 84
Technology and Instructional Planning: Identifying the Plan's Key Activitiesp. 86
Introductionp. 86
Developing Instructional Activitiesp. 87
Motivation Activities
Orientation Activities
Information Activities
Application Activities
Evaluation Activities
Instructional Plans as Heuristic Guidesp. 91
Making Plans Congruent
Practical Benefits of Plansp. 95
Before Instruction
During Instruction
After Instruction
Summaryp. 99
Suggested Resourcesp. 99
Instructional Methods: Identifying Ways to Involve Learnersp. 101
Introductionp. 102
What Are Instructional Methods and Why Are They Important?p. 102
Cooperative Learning
Problem Solving
Drill and Practice
Can You Combine Methods?p. 112
Which Method(s) to Use?p. 113
Summaryp. 117
Suggested Resourcesp. 117
Instructional Media: Involving Multiple Senses of Learnersp. 118
Introductionp. 119
Instructional Mediap. 119
Real Objects and Models
Which Medium?p. 132
Summaryp. 138
Suggested Resourcesp. 138
Technology and Instructional Material Selection, Adaptation, and Creationp. 139
Introductionp. 140
Instructional Materialsp. 141
Instructional Materials, Methods, and Media: How They Work Together to Ensure Learningp. 141
When and Where Are Instructional Materials Included within the Learning Plan?p. 141
Determining the Value of Instructional Materialsp. 142
Where Do We Acquire Instructional Materials?p. 143
Selecting Existing Instructional Materials
Modifying Available Instructional Materials
Creating New Instructional Materials
Formative Evaluation of Instructional Materialsp. 150
Locating, Adapting, Creating, and Evaluating Instructional Materials: How Can Technology Help?p. 151
Copyright Issuesp. 152
Summaryp. 157
Suggested Resourcesp. 157
Meaningful Integration of Technologyp. 159
Integration of Computers to Support Learningp. 161
Introductionp. 162
Technology Integration Process: Preparing to Integrate the Computer in the Learning Experiencep. 163
Computer as Teacherp. 163
Scenario: States and Capitals
Categories of Computer-Assisted Instruction
Integrated Learning Systems
Problems and Pitfalls
Computer as Assistantp. 170
Scenario: Stock Market Game
Common Computer Assistant Tools
Problems and Pitfalls
Computer as Learner (Student as Teacher)p. 177
Scenario: Multimedia Reports
Multimedia and Hypermedia Authoring
Problems and Pitfalls
Issues Involved in Integrating the Use of Computersp. 182
Summaryp. 184
Suggested Resourcesp. 184
Integration of the Internet to Support Learningp. 185
Introductionp. 186
Technology Integration Process: Preparing to Integrate the Internet in the Learning Experiencep. 186
What Is the Internet and How Do I Connect?p. 187
Uses of the Internetp. 187
Information Retrieval
Information Publishing
Internet Applications for Communicationp. 190
E-Mail and Mailing Lists
Instant Messaging and Chat
Classroom Applications
Internet Applications for Information Retrievalp. 194
Scavenger Hunts
Classroom Applications
Internet Applications for Information Publishingp. 201
Web Authoring
Classroom Applications
Problems and Pitfallsp. 203
Issues Involved in the Use of the Internet in the Classroomp. 206
Copyright and Fair Use of Materials on the Web
Security and Information Privacy
Evaluating the Quality of Websites
Summaryp. 209
Suggested Resourcesp. 210
Integration of Distance Education to Support Learningp. 211
Introductionp. 212
Technology Integration Process: Preparing to Integrate Distance Education in the Learning Experiencep. 212
What Is Distance Education?p. 213
Distance Education Technologiesp. 213
Audio-Based Technologies
Video-Based Technologies
Computer-Based Technologies
Planning for Distance Educationp. 216
Benefits of Distance Education
Understanding the Distance Education Learner
Preparing for Distance Education
Problems and Pitfalls
Implementing Distance Educationp. 222
Distance Education Examples
Strategies for Teaching at a Distance
Assessing Student Performance in Distance Educationp. 225
Utilization Guidelines for Distance Educationp. 226
Issues Related to Distance Educationp. 227
Policy Issues
Summaryp. 229
Suggested Resourcesp. 230
Ensuring Successful Technology-Enhanced Learning Experiencesp. 231
Evaluation of Students and Materialsp. 233
Introductionp. 234
What Is Evaluation?p. 234
Why Evaluate?p. 235
Evaluating the Students
Evaluating the Instruction
How to Evaluatep. 237
Techniques to Evaluate Student Learning
Techniques to Evaluate Instruction
Summary of Techniques to Evaluate Instruction
Summaryp. 252
Suggested Resourcesp. 253
Technology and Learning Today and Tomorrowp. 255
Issues in Integrating Technologyp. 257
Introductionp. 258
How Can the Integration of Technology Be Effectively Accomplished?p. 258
What Barriers to Integration of Technology May Be Encountered?p. 262
What Are the Costs Involved?
How Can We Address and Overcome the Barriers to Integration?p. 266
What Additional Issues May the Integration of Technology Create?p. 267
Equity and Other Issues of Access
Legal, Ethical, and Security Issues
Why Invest the Time, Energy, and Cost into the Integration of Technology?p. 274
Technology as a Means to Address Difficulties in Teaching and Learning
Technology as a Change Agent
Technology as a Means to Maintain Economic Competitiveness
Summaryp. 276
Suggested Resourcesp. 277
Trends in Educational Technologyp. 278
Introductionp. 279
Educational Technology in the Pastp. 279
Instructional Design Roots
Educational Media Roots
Educational Computing Roots
Educational Technology Todayp. 284
Educational Technology Status
Educational Technology in the Schools of Today
Educational Technology in the Futurep. 288
Horizon Technologies
Schooling and Education in the Future
Summaryp. 295
Suggested Resourcesp. 295
National Educational Technology Standards (NETS) for Teachersp. 297
Kevin Spencer's Sample Lesson Plan (Civil War Unit)p. 299
Glossaryp. 305
Referencesp. 315
Name Indexp. 319
Subject Indexp. 321
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