Electric Circuits

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-09-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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For 25 years, students and instructors have trusted Nilsson and Riedel more than any other text to provide the clearest and most effective introduction to electric circuits while enabling readers to make connections between the core concepts and the world around us. The eighth edition is a carefully planned revision of this modern classic. With a core focus on problem solving, 80% of the homework problems are completely new or revised. Extensive reviews and development produced a cleaner, clearer text design to facilitate reading and navigation. In addition, while increasing the emphasis on real-world applications of circuits, this new edition continues its commitment to being the most accurate text on the market. Book jacket.

Author Biography

Professor James W. Nilsson taught at Iowa State University for 39 years. Since retiring from Iowa State, he has been a visiting professor at Notre Dame, California Polytechnic at San Luis Obispo, and the United States Air Force Academy.

Table of Contents

List of Examplesp. xiii
Prefacep. xvii
Circuit Variablesp. 2
Electrical Engineering: An Overviewp. 3
The International System of Unitsp. 8
Circuit Analysis: An Overviewp. 10
Voltage and Currentp. 11
The Ideal Basic Circuit Elementp. 12
Power and Energyp. 14
Summaryp. 16
Problemsp. 17
Circuit Elementsp. 22
Practical Perspective: Electrical Safetyp. 23
Voltage and Current Sourcesp. 24
Electrical Resistance (Ohm's Law)p. 28
Construction of a Circuit Modelp. 32
Kirchhoff's Lawsp. 36
Analysis of a Circuit Containing Dependent Sourcesp. 42
Practical Perspective: Electrical Safetyp. 46
Summaryp. 47
Problemsp. 48
Simple Resistive Circuitsp. 56
Practical Perspective: A Rear Window Defrosterp. 57
Resistors in Seriesp. 58
Resistors in Parallelp. 59
The Voltage-Divider and Current-Divider Circuitsp. 62
Voltage Division and Current Divisionp. 65
Measuring Voltage and Currentp. 68
Measuring Resistance-The Wheatstone Bridgep. 71
Delta-to-Wye (Pi-to-Tee) Equivalent Circuitsp. 73
Practical Perspective: A Rear Window Defrosterp. 76
Summaryp. 79
Problemsp. 80
Techniques of Circuit Analysisp. 92
Practical Perspective: Circuits with Realistic Resistorsp. 93
Terminologyp. 94
Introduction to the Node-Voltage Methodp. 97
The Node-Voltage Method and Dependent Sourcesp. 100
The Node-Voltage Method: Some Special Casesp. 101
Introduction to the Mesh-Current Methodp. 105
The Mesh-Current Method and Dependent Sourcesp. 107
The Mesh-Current Method: Some Special Casesp. 109
The Node-Voltage Method Versus the Mesh-Current Methodp. 112
Source Transformationsp. 116
Thevenin and Norton Equivalentsp. 119
More on Deriving a Thevenin Equivalentp. 123
Maximum Power Transferp. 126
Superpositionp. 129
Practical Perspective: Circuits with Realistic Resistorsp. 133
Summaryp. 137
Problemsp. 138
The Operational Amplifierp. 154
Practical Perspective: Strain Gagesp. 155
Operational Amplifier Terminalsp. 156
Terminal Voltages and Currentsp. 156
The Inverting-Amplifier Circuitp. 161
The Summing-Amplifier Circuitp. 163
The Noninverting-Amplifier Circuitp. 164
The Difference-Amplifier Circuitp. 165
A More Realistic Model for the Operational Amplifierp. 170
Practical Perspective: Strain Gagesp. 173
Summaryp. 175
Problemsp. 176
Inductance, Capacitance, and Mutual Inductancep. 186
Practical Perspective: Proximity Switchesp. 187
The Inductorp. 188
The Capacitorp. 195
Series-Parallel Combinations of Inductance and Capacitancep. 200
Mutual Inductancep. 203
A Closer Look at Mutual Inductancep. 207
Practical Perspective: Proximity Switchesp. 214
Summaryp. 217
Problemsp. 218
Response of First-Order RL and RC Circuitsp. 228
Practical Perspective: A Flashing Light Circuitp. 229
The Natural Response of an RL Circuitp. 230
The Natural Response of an RC Circuitp. 236
The Step Response of RL and RC Circuitsp. 240
A General Solution for Step and Natural Responsesp. 248
Sequential Switchingp. 254
Unbounded Responsep. 258
The Integrating Amplifierp. 260
Practical Perspective: A Flashing Light Circuitp. 263
Summaryp. 265
Problemsp. 265
Natural and Step Responses of RLC Circuitsp. 284
Practical Perspective: An Ignition Circuitp. 285
Introduction to the Natural Response of a Parallel RLC Circuitp. 286
The Forms of the Natural Response of a Parallel RLC Circuitp. 291
The Step Response of a Parallel RLC Circuitp. 301
The Natural and Step Response of a Series RLC Circuitp. 308
A Circuit with Two Integrating Amplifiersp. 312
Practical Perspective: An Ignition Circuitp. 317
Summaryp. 320
Problemsp. 321
Sinusoidal Steady-State Analysisp. 330
Practical Perspective: A Household Distribution Circuitp. 331
The Sinusoidal Sourcep. 332
The Sinusoidal Responsep. 335
The Phasorp. 337
The Passive Circuit Elements in the Frequency Domainp. 342
Kirchoff's Laws in the Frequency Domainp. 246
Series, Parallel, and Delta-to-Wye Simplificationsp. 348
Source Transformations and Thevenin-Norton Equivalent Circuitsp. 355
The Node-Voltage Methodp. 359
The Mesh-Current Methodp. 360
The Transformerp. 361
The Ideal Transformerp. 365
Phasor Diagramsp. 372
Practical Perspective: A Household Distribution Circuitp. 375
Summaryp. 375
Problemsp. 376
Sinusoidal Steady-State Power Calculationsp. 390
Practical Perspective: Heating Appliancesp. 391
Instantaneous Powerp. 392
Average and Reactive Powerp. 394
The rms Value and Power Calculationsp. 399
Complex Powerp. 401
Power Calculationsp. 403
Maximum Power Transferp. 410
Practical Perspective: Heating Appliancesp. 417
Summaryp. 419
Problemsp. 420
Balanced Three-Phase Circuitsp. 432
Practical Perspective: Transmission and Distribution of Electric Powerp. 433
Balanced Three-Phase Voltagesp. 434
Three-Phase Voltage Sourcesp. 435
Analysis of the Wye-Wye Circuitp. 436
Analysis of the Wye-Delta Circuitp. 442
Power Calculations in Balanced Three-Phase Circuitsp. 445
Measuring Average Power in Three-Phase Circuitsp. 452
Practical Perspective: Transmission and Distribution of Electric Powerp. 455
Summaryp. 456
Problemsp. 457
Introduction to the Laplace Transformp. 466
Definition of the Laplace Transformp. 467
The Step Functionp. 468
The Impulse Functionp. 470
Functional Transformsp. 474
Operational Transformsp. 475
Applying the Laplace Transformp. 481
Inverse Transformsp. 482
Poles and Zeros of F(s)p. 494
Initial- and Final-Value Theoremsp. 495
Summaryp. 498
Problemsp. 499
The Laplace Transform in Circuit Analysisp. 506
Practical Perspective: Surge Suppressorsp. 507
Circuit Elements in the s Domainp. 508
Circuit Analysis in the s Domainp. 511
Applicationsp. 512
The Transfer Functionp. 526
The Transfer Function in Partial Fraction Expansionsp. 528
The Transfer Function and the Convolution Integralp. 531
The Transfer Function and the Steady-State Sinusoidal Responsep. 537
The Impulse Function in Circuit Analysisp. 540
Practical Perspective: Surge Suppressorsp. 548
Summaryp. 549
Problemsp. 550
Introduction to Frequency Selective Circuitsp. 566
Practical Perspective: Pushbutton Telephone Circuitsp. 567
Some Preliminariesp. 568
Low-Pass Filtersp. 570
High-Pass Filtersp. 577
Bandpass Filtersp. 582
Bandreject Filtersp. 593
Practical Perspective: Pushbutton Telephone Circuitsp. 598
Summaryp. 599
Problemsp. 599
Active Filter Circuitsp. 606
Practical Perspective: Bass Volume Controlp. 607
First-Order Low-Pass and High-Pass Filtersp. 608
Scalingp. 612
Op Amp Bandpass and Bandreject Filtersp. 615
Higher Order Op Amp Filtersp. 622
Narrowband Bandpass and Bandreject Filtersp. 636
Practical Perspective: Bass Volume Controlp. 642
Summaryp. 644
Problemsp. 646
Fourier Seriesp. 656
Fourier Series Analysis: An Overviewp. 658
The Fourier Coefficientsp. 659
The Effect of Symmetry on the Fourier Coefficientsp. 662
An Alternative Trigonometric Form of the Fourier Seriesp. 668
An Applicationp. 670
Average-Power Calculations with Periodic Functionsp. 675
The rms Value of a Periodic Functionp. 678
The Exponential Form of the Fourier Seriesp. 679
Amplitude and Phase Spectrap. 682
Summaryp. 685
Problemsp. 686
The Fourier Transformp. 698
The Derivation of the Fourier Transformp. 699
The Convergence of the Fourier Integralp. 701
Using Laplace Transforms to Find Fourier Transformsp. 703
Fourier Transforms in the Limitp. 706
Some Mathematical Propertiesp. 708
Operational Transformsp. 710
Circuit Applicationsp. 714
Parseval's Theoremp. 717
Summaryp. 724
Problemsp. 725
Two-Port Circuitsp. 730
The Terminal Equationsp. 731
The Two-Port Parametersp. 732
Analysis of the Terminated Two-Port Circuitp. 741
Interconnected Two-Port Circuitsp. 747
Summaryp. 751
Problemsp. 752
The Solution of Linear Simultaneous Equationsp. 759
Preliminary Stepsp. 759
Cramer's Methodp. 760
The Characteristic Determinantp. 760
The Numerator Determinantp. 760
The Evaluation of a Determinantp. 761
Matricesp. 764
Matrix Algebrap. 765
Identity, Adjoint, and Inverse Matricesp. 770
Partitioned Matricesp. 772
Applicationsp. 776
Complex Numbersp. 781
Notationp. 781
The Graphical Representation of a Complex Numberp. 782
Arithmetic Operationsp. 783
Useful Identitiesp. 785
The Integer Power of a Complex Numberp. 785
The Roots of a Complex Numberp. 786
More on Magnetically Coupled Coils and Ideal Transformersp. 787
Equivalent Circuits for Magnetically Coupled Coilsp. 787
The Need for Ideal Transformers in the Equivalent Circuitsp. 792
The Decibelp. 797
Bode Diagramsp. 799
Real, First-Order Poles and Zerosp. 799
Straight-Line Amplitude Plotsp. 800
More Accurate Amplitude Plotsp. 804
Straight-Line Phase Angle Plotsp. 805
Bode Diagrams: Complex Poles and Zerosp. 807
Amplitude Plotsp. 809
Correcting Straight-Line Amplitude Plotsp. 810
Phase Angle Plotsp. 813
An Abbreviated Table of Trigonometric Identitiesp. 817
An Abbreviated Table of Integralsp. 819
Answers to Selected Problemsp. 821
Indexp. 839
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