Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-02-15
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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Written to provide an overview of the Electrical Engineer profession to college students and professionals outside the field of Electrical Engineering, this textbook provides information on the necessary technical competencies required within the field. Simple and easy to use, yet complete in rigor and coverage of fundamental concepts, this book teaches the fundamentals of Electrical Engineering without including the typical analytical methods that hold little relevance for non-Electrical Engineers. Many examples explaining concepts and homework problems are included within the chapters to aid with student comprehension and application. A solutions manual is provided as well, upon qualification.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
The Authorsp. xv
What Is Engineering?p. 1
A Brief History of Engineeringp. 4
Engineering as a Professionp. 10
Engineering Educationp. 14
Standards and Codesp. 15
Use of Numbers in Engineeringp. 17
Summaryp. 26
Referencesp. 26
Problemsp. 27
Electrical Circuit Conceptsp. 29
Charge, Current, Voltage, Power, and Energy
Kirchhoff's Lawsp. 33
The Ideal Circuit Elementsp. 36
The dc Modep. 41
The ac Modep. 51
The Periodic Modep. 64
The Transient Modep. 75
A dc Application: An Automotive Electrical Systemp. 83
An ac Example Application: The U.S. Residential Electrical Systemp. 92
Summaryp. 96
Referencesp. 98
Problemsp. 98
Electrical Energyp. 105
Natural Sources of Electricityp. 107
Electromagnetic-Mechanical (EMM) Energy Conversionp. 108
Thermal Prime Moversp. 115
Steam Turbine Prime Moversp. 115
Coalp. 115
Natural Gas (Methane, CH4)p. 118
Oilp. 118
Nuclearp. 118
Heat Ratep. 122
Biomassp. 123
Solar Thermal Energy (STE)p. 124
Geothermal Energyp. 125
Nonturbine Thermal Prime Moversp. l26
Nonthermal Prime Moversp. 127
Hydroelectric Generationp. 127
Tidal Power Generationp. 131
Wave Generationp. 132
Wind Generationp. 132
Chemical to Electric Energy Conversionp. 136
The Primary Cellp. 136
The Secondary Cellp. 136
The Batteryp. 137
The Fuel Cellp. 141
Photovoltaic Energy Conversionp. 143
Thermal to Electric Energy Conversionp. 146
The Thermoelectric Effectp. 146
Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)p. 146
Summaryp. 147
Referencesp. 149
Problemsp. 149
Electrical Generation and Transmissionp. 153
Polyphase ac Circuitsp. 154
The Balanced Three-Phase Circuitp. 158
The Traditional ac Generator: The Three-Phase Synchronous Machinep. 170
The Pumped Storage Applicationp. 180
Some Basic Magneticsp. 191
Power Transformersp. 198
Power Transmission Linesp. 207
Summaryp. 213
Referencesp. 214
Problemsp. 214
Electrical Loadsp. 219
Modeling Loadsp. 220
Electric Heatingp. 223
Electric Lightingp. 228
Electric Motorsp. 231
Three-Phase Synchronous Motorsp. 234
Three-Phase Induction Motorsp. 235
Single-Phase Motorsp. 247
Gearingp. 248
Speed Controlp. 250
Three-Phase Synchronous Motorsp. 251
Three-Phase Induction Motorsp. 254
Dynamic Performancep. 257
An Example Application: The Elevatorp. 260
An Example Application: High-Speed Rail (HSR)p. 265
An Example Application: The Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)p. 269
Summaryp. 274
Referencesp. 274
Problemsp. 275
Semiconductor Devicesp. 281
Semiconductor Fundamentalsp. 282
Bandgap, Temperature, and Free Electronsp. 282
Energy Bandsp. 283
Holesp. 283
Dopingp. 284
The Semiconductor p-n Junctionp. 286
Diodesp. 289
Diode Rectifier Circuits and Simple Dc Power Suppliesp. 292
Half-Wave Rectifier Circuitp. 292
Full-Wave Bridge Rectifier Circuitp. 293
Transistors: An Overviewp. 294
The Field Effect Transistor (FET)p. 298
MOSFET Constructionp. 298
MOSFET Circuit Symbolsp. 301
MOSFET I-V Characteristicsp. 301
MOSFET Switches: Practical Detailsp. 305
The Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT)p. 308
BJT Circuit Symbolsp. 308
BJT I-V Characteristicsp. 308
The BJT in Cutoffp. 309
The BJT in Saturationp. 310
The npn BJT in the Forward Active Regionp. 310
The BJT in the Reverse Active Regionp. 311
BJT Switching and Amplifying Circuitsp. 312
Integrated Circuitsp. 312
Data Sheetsp. 313
Reading a Data Sheet for a Simple Digital Logic ICp. 314
Data Sheet Page 1p. 315
Data Sheet Page 2p. 316
Data Sheet Page 3p. 317
Data Sheet Page 4p. 317
Data Sheet Pages 5-6p. 320
Data Sheet Page 7p. 321
Data Sheet Pages 8 and Followingp. 321
Problemsp. 321
Sensors and Instrumentationp. 327
Mechanical Sensors: Accelerometers and Strain Gaugesp. 331
Accelerometersp. 331
Strain Gaugesp. 332
Acoustic Sensors: Microphones and Sonarp. 332
Microphonesp. 332
Sonar (Ultrasound) Sensorsp. 333
Optical Sensors: IR Sensors and Photoresistorsp. 336
Infrared (IR) Range Sensorsp. 336
Photocellsp. 337
Thermal Sensors: Thermocouples, Thermistors, RTDs, and PTATsp. 337
Thermocouplesp. 338
RTDp. 343
Thermistorp. 344
Semiconductor (PTAT) Temperature Sensorsp. 347
Sensor Interfacing: Bridges, Op-Amps, ADC, and DACp. 348
Bridge Circuitsp. 349
Linearization and Reduction of Errorp. 353
Operational Amplifier (Op-Amp) Circuitsp. 355
Analog-to-Digital Conversion (ADC) and Digital-to-Analog Conversion (DAC)p. 359
Problemsp. 362
Digital Logicp. 367
Binary Arithmetic and Boolean Algebrap. 368
Binary Numbersp. 368
Hexadecimal and Octal Notationp. 369
Binary and Hex Arithmeticp. 370
Boolean Algebrap. 371
Truth Tablesp. 372
Logic Circuitsp. 374
Programming Languagesp. 375
Programmable Logic Controllersp. 376
Microcontrollersp. 384
Input Voltage Sensingp. 387
Description of the S12 Analog-to-Digital Converter Module (S12_ATD)p. 389
Code Segment to Read Power Supply Voltagesp. 389
Code Segment to Display Power Supply Voltagesp. 391
Motor Operationp. 397
Position Sensingp. 399
Digital Signal Processors (DSPs) and Digital Media Processors (DMPs)p. 402
Problemsp. 404
Robotsp. 407
Industrial Robots: Classification and Terminologyp. 408
Overviewp. 408
Degrees of Freedomp. 413
Workspacep. 413
Controlp. 413
Industrial Robots: Safetyp. 420
Industrial Robots: Programmingp. 421
Mobile Robotsp. 423
Mobile Robots: Path Planning and Navigationp. 423
BUG 0p. 424
BUG 1p. 424
Mobile Robots: Localizationp. 425
Mobile Robots: Communicationp. 428
Problemsp. 430
Units and Conversion Factorsp. 433
Data Sheet for SN7400 Series TTL NAND Gatep. 439
Indexp. 447
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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