Elementary Linear Algebra with Applications

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1995-09-08
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

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This edition strives to develop students' geometric intuition as a foundation for learning the concepts of span and linear independence. Applications are integrated throughout to illustrate the mathematics and to motivate the student. Numerical ideas and concepts using the computer are interspersed throughout the text; instructors can use these at their discretion. This textbook allows the instructor considerable flexibility to choose the applications and numerical topics to be covered according to his or her tastes and the students' needs.

Table of Contents

Preface. List of Applications. 1. Introduction to Linear Equations and Matrices. Introduction to Linear Systems and Matrices. Gaussian Elimination. The Algebra of Matrices: Four Descriptions of the Product. Inverses and Elementary Matrices. Gaussian Elimination as a Matrix Factorization. Transposes, Symmetry, and Band Matrices: An Application. Numerical and Programming Considerations: Partial Pivoting, Overwriting Matrices, and Ill-Conditioned Systems. Review Exercises. 2. Determinants. The Determinant Function. Properties of Determinants. Finding det A Using Signed Elementary Products. Cofactor Expansion: Cramer's Rule. Applications. Review Exercises. 3. Vector Spaces. Vectors in 2- and 3-Spaces. Euclidean n-Space. General Vector Spaces. Subspaces, Span, Null Spaces. Linear Independence. Basis and Dimension. The Fundamental Subspaces of a Matrix; Rank. Coordinates and Change of Basis. An Application: Error-Correcting Codes. Review Exercises. Cumulative Review Exercises. 4. Linear Transformations, Orthogonal Projections and Least Squares. Matrices as Linear Transformation. Relationships Involving Inner Products. Least Squares and Orthogonal Projections. Orthogonal Bases and the Gram-Schmidt Process. Orthogonal Matrices, QR Decompositions, and Least Squares (Revisited). Encoding the QR Decompositions: A Geometric Approach. General Matrices of Linear of Linear Transformations; Similarity. Review Exercises. Cumulative Review Exercises. 5. Eigenvectors and Eigenvalues. A Brief Introduction to Determinants. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors. Diagonalization. Symmetric Matrices. An Application - Difference Equations: Fibonacci Sequences and Markov Processes. An Application -Differential Equations. An Application -- Quadratic Forms. Solving the Eigenvalue Problem Numerically. Review Exercises. Cumulative Review Exercises. 6. Further Directions. Function Spaces. The Singular Value Decomposition -- Generalized Inverses, the General Least-Squares Problem, and an Approach to Ill-Conditioned Systems. Iterative Method. Matrix Norms. General Vector Spaces and Linear Transformations Over an Arbitrary Field. Review Exercises. Appendix A: More on LU Decompositions. Appendix B: Counting Operations and Gauss-Jordan Elimination. Appendix C: Another Application. Appendix D: Introduction to MATLAB and Projects. Bibliography and Further Readings. Index.

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