Elementary Surveying : An Introduction to Geomatics

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  • Edition: 12th
  • Format: Hardcover w/CD
  • Copyright: 2008-01-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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List Price: $185.00


Updated throughout, this highly readable best-seller presents basic concepts and practical material in each of the areas fundamental to modern surveying (geomatics) practice. Its depth and breadth are ideal for self-study.Includes a new Chapter 16 on Kinematic GPS. Features several new sections on machine control, localization of GPS surveys, and construction staking using GPS added to Chapters 16, 19, and 23. Moves Astronomical observations chapter to Appendix C to reflect that in recent years, kinematic GPS has replaced astronomical observations for position and azimuth. Emphasizes total stations as the instruments for making angle and distance observations.A useful reference for civil engineers.

Table of Contents

Definition of Surveying
History of Surveying
Geodetic and Plane Surveys
Importance of Surveying
Specialized Types of Surveys
Surveying Safety
Land and Geographic Information Systems
Federal Surveying and Mapping Agencies
The Surveying Profession
Professional Surveying Organizations
Surveying on the Internet
Future Challenges in Surveying
Units, Significant Figures, and Field Notes
Units and Significant Figures
Units of Measurement 25t
International System of Units (SI)
Significant Figures
Rounding Off NumbersPart II Field Notes
Field Notes
General Requirements of Handwritten Field Notes
Types of Field Books
Kinds of Notes
Arrangements of Notes
Suggestions for Recording Notes
Introduction to Data Collectors
Transfer of Files from Data Collectors
Digital Data File Management
Advantages and Disadvantages of Data Collectors
Theory of Errors in Observations
Direct and Indirect Observations
Errors in Measurements
Sources of Errors in Making Observations
Types of Errors
Precision and Accuracy
Eliminating Mistakes and Systematic Errors
Most Probable Value
Occurrence of Random Errors
General Laws of Probability
Measures of Precision
Interpretation of Standard Deviation
The 50, 90, and 95 Percent Errors
Error Propagation
Error of a Sum
Error of a Series
Error in a Product
Error in the Mean
Conditional Adjustment of Observations
Weights of Observations
Least-Squares Adjustment
Leveling-Theory, Methods, and Equipment
Leveling-Theory and Methods
North American Vertical Datum
Curvature and Refraction
Methods for Determining Differences in Elevation
Measuring Vertical Distances by Taping or Electronic Methods
Differential Leveling
Barometric Leveling
Trigonometric Leveling
Equipment for Differential Leveling
Categories of Levels
Level Vials
Tilting Levels
Automatic Levels
Digital Levels
Hand Level
Level Rods
Testing and Adjusting Levels
Requirements for Testing and Adjusting Instruments
Adjusting for Parallax
Testing and Adjusting Level Vials
Preliminary Adjustment of the Horizontal Cross Hair
Testing and Adjusting the Line of Sight
Leveling Field Procedures and Computations
Carrying and Setting Up a Level
Duties of a Rodperson
Differential Leveling
Adjustments of Simple Level Circuits
Reciprocal Leveling
Three-Wire Leveling
Profile Leveling
Staking and Stationing the Reference Line
Field Procedures for Profile Leveling
Drawing and Using the Profile
Grid, Cross-Section, or Borrow-Pit Leveling
Use of the Hand Level
Sources of Error in<$$$>
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