9780534366407

The Elements of Counseling

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780534366407

  • ISBN10:

    0534366406

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2000-02-24
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

This brief, practical, nuts and bolts primer of counseling covers the basic elements of counseling in an abbreviated outline format. Meier presents information that is essential for beginning counselors to know and for experienced counselors to remember, including what counseling is as well as what it is not. This handy reference focuses on relationship building, the counseling process, and self-exploration, the foundation upon which further intervention is laid. This book is unique in that it is not intended to be the primary text for a course, but is rather a quick reference for both counselors in training and practitioners, designed to give them immediate access to information without having to read pages of commentary.

Table of Contents

1 Setting the Stage: Counseling Process 1(22)
Make personal contact
2(1)
Develop a working alliance
3(1)
Explain counseling to the client
4(3)
Pace and lead the client
7(3)
Speak briefly
10(1)
When you don't know what to say, say nothing
11(1)
You may confront as much as you've supported
12(1)
If you want to change something, process it
13(1)
Individualize your counseling
14(1)
Notice resistance
15(2)
When in doubt, focus on feelings
17(2)
Plan for termination at the beginning of counseling
19(2)
Arrange the physical setting appropriately
21(2)
Dress appropriately
21(1)
Attend to physical space
21(1)
Conduct counseling in a quiet setting
21(1)
Avoid interruptions and distractions
21(1)
Be prompt
22(1)
Invest in a box of tissues
22(1)
Remember confidentiality
22(1)
2 Strategies to Assist Clients in Self-Exploration 23(13)
Avoid advice
23(1)
Avoid premature problem solving
24(2)
Avoid relying on questions
26(1)
Listen closely to what clients say
27(2)
Pay attention to nonverbals
29(1)
Focus on the client
30(2)
Be concrete
32(2)
Utilize metaphors
34(1)
Summarize
34(2)
3 A Few Mistaken Assumptions 36(8)
Agreement does not equal empathy
36(1)
Do not assume that changes is simple
37(1)
Positive thinking does not equal rational thinking
38(1)
Make psychological assessments, not moral judgements
39(1)
Do not assume that you know client's feelings, thoughts, and behaviors
40(1)
Do not assume that you know how clients react to their feelings, thoughts, and behaviors
41(3)
4 Important Topics 44(24)
Develop crisis intervention skills
44(6)
Take control of the situation
47(1)
Determine the real client
47(1)
Emphasize strengths
48(1)
Mobilize social resources
49(1)
Pay attention to issues of gender, race/ethnicity, and sexual orientation
50(3)
Be open to group and family approaches
53(1)
Refer carefully
54(2)
Watch for deterioration in clients
56(1)
Establish an interest in counseling research
57(1)
Document your work
58(1)
Persevere with no-shows
59(2)
Learn how to conceptualize clients
61(2)
Learn about managed care
63(2)
Develop technology skills
65(3)
5 Counselor, Know Thyself 68(9)
Become aware of your personal issues
68(5)
How did you decide to become a counselor?
68(1)
With what emotions are you uncomfortable?
69(1)
What amount of progress is acceptable?
70(1)
How will you deal with your clients' feelings for you?
70(1)
How will you handle your feelings for your clients?
71(1)
Can you be flexible, accepting, and gentle?
72(1)
Be open to supervision
73(1)
Don't hide behind testing
74(1)
On ethical questions, consult
75(2)
6 A Brief Introduction to Intervention 77(18)
Basic counseling texts
78(1)
Person-centered counseling
79(1)
Behavioral counseling
80(1)
Cognitive, cognitive/behavioral counseling, and social learning theory
80(2)
Gestalt counseling
82(1)
Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic counseling
83(2)
Existential counseling
85(1)
Group counseling
85(1)
Family/systems counseling
86(2)
Brief therapy
88(2)
Research on counseling and psychotherapy
90(3)
Other important sources
93(2)
References 95(16)
Index 111

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