Elements of Environmental Chemistry

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-04-24
  • Publisher: Wiley

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This reference takes a quantitative approach to environmental chemistry, employing a concise style. The second edition continues the book's original approach, while adding important topics such as climate change, atmospheric chemisty, the reactive fates of organic compounds and organic pollutants associated with oil spills, and the Stockholm "dirty dozen" (DDT, PCBs and dioxins). With new real-world problems added throughout, this updated text provides a short, quantitative resource ideal for an introductory course in environmental chemistry, as well as a quick primer on the subject for professionals.

Author Biography

Ronald A. Hites, PhD, is a Distinguished Professor in the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University. He is a Fellow of the American Chemical Society and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has been an editor of Environmental Science and Technology since 1990. Jonathan D. Raff, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University. He was the recipient of a National Science Foundation American Competitiveness in Chemistry Postdoctoral Fellowship and a United States Environmental Protection Agency STAR Graduate Fellowship.

Table of Contents

Simple Tool Skillsp. 1
Unit Conversionsp. 1
Estimatingp. 5
Ideal Gas Lawp. 9
Stoichiometryp. 14
Problem Setp. 16
Mass Balance and Kineticsp. 23
Steady-State Mass Balancep. 24
Non-Steady-State Mass Balancep. 41
Chemical Kineticsp. 59
Problem Setp. 69
Atmospheric Chemistryp. 77
Atmospheric Structurep. 77
Light and Photochemistryp. 80
Atmospheric Oxidantsp. 86
Kinetics of Atmospheric Reactionsp. 88
Stratospheric Ozonep. 91
Smogp. 105
Problem Setp. 112
Climate Changep. 123
Historical Perspectivep. 123
Blackbody Radiation and Earth's Temperaturep. 125
Absorption of Infrared Radiationp. 130
Greenhouse Effectp. 132
Earth's Radiative Balancep. 134
Aerosols and Cloudsp. 138
Radiative Forcingp. 141
Global Warming Potentialsp. 142
Concluding Remarksp. 144
Problem Setp. 146
Carbon Dioxide Equilibriap. 153
Pure Rainp. 155
Polluted Rainp. 160
Surface Waterp. 169
Ocean Acidificationp. 174
Problem Setp. 181
Pesticides, Mercury, and Leadp. 189
Pesticidesp. 191
Mercuryp. 210
Leadp. 213
Problem Setp. 217
Fates of Organic Compoundsp. 223
Vapor Pressurep. 225
Water Solubilityp. 226
Henry's Law Constantp. 227
Partition Coefficientsp. 228
Lipophilicityp. 229
Bioaccumulationp. 231
Adsorptionp. 232
Water-Air Transferp. 235
Reactive Fates of Organicsp. 240
Partitioning and Persistencep. 242
Problem Setp. 247
PCBs, Dioxins, and Flame Retardantsp. 259
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)p. 259
Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofuransp. 277
Brominated Flame Retardantsp. 297
Lessons Learnedp. 304
Primer on Organic Structures and Namesp. 307
Answers to the Problem Setsp. 325
Periodic Table of the Elementsp. 328
Indexp. 331
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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