Employment Law for the Paralegal

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-12-12
  • Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning

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This practical text covers the laws and applications relating to employment and employment law. It includes coverage of ADA, EOE, Worker's Compensation, the employer/employee relationship, arbitration, anti-discrimination laws, and much, much more. Written in a clear and, concise manner, this book makes employment law accessible to the practitioner and the businessperson alike.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xii
Acknowledgmentsp. xvi
The Employment Relationshipp. 1
Overviewp. 1
Master-Servant Relationshipp. 1
Principal-Agent Relationshipp. 2
Who Is an Employer?p. 4
Common Law Duties of the Employerp. 5
Who Is an Employee?p. 5
Distinguishing Employees from Independent Contractorsp. 5
The Emergence of Temporary or Leased Workers/Employeesp. 22
Doctrine of Joint Employmentp. 24
Common Law Duties of the Employeep. 29
Doctrine of Employment at Willp. 29
Exceptions to Employment at Will Doctrinep. 30
Establishing the Employment Relationshipp. 37
Overviewp. 37
Recruitmentp. 38
Employment Applicationsp. 40
The Interview Processp. 41
Preemployment Testingp. 42
Background Reference Checks and Preemployment Investigationsp. 47
Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Processp. 48
Offer Lettersp. 48
Written Employment Contractp. 49
Statutory Limitations on Employment Contractsp. 53
Affirmative Action and the Employment Relationshipp. 54
Compensation Regulations for Employersp. 61
Overviewp. 61
FLSA Definition of the Employer-Employee Relationshipp. 61
Employee Exemptions under FLSAp. 63
Age Discriminationp. 200
Overviewp. 200
Covered Persons and Entities under the ADEAp. 203
The Effect of the ADEA on Hiring Practicesp. 207
The Effect of the ADEA on Promotion Requirementsp. 208
The Effect of the ADEA on Retirement Issuesp. 208
Reduction-in-Force and the Issue of Age Discriminationp. 211
Waiver of Age Discrimination Claimsp. 215
Proving an Age Discrimination Claimp. 216
Employer's Burden of Proofp. 222
Plaintiff's Ultimate Burden-Proving Pretextp. 225
Personnel Records to be Maintained under the ADEAp. 228
Administrative Procedures under the ADEAp. 228
Remedies Available under the ADEAp. 229
Race and Color Discriminationp. 233
Overviewp. 233
Race Discrimination under Title VIIp. 234
Racial Harassmentp. 235
Reverse Discriminationp. 235
Color Discriminationp. 235
Types of Race and Color Discriminationp. 236
Establishing a Prima Facie Case of Race Discriminationp. 237
Proving Pretextp. 239
Defenses against Race Discrimination Claimsp. 240
Adverse Impact Race Discriminationp. 242
Remediesp. 244
National Origin Discriminationp. 247
Overviewp. 247
Statutory Requirements Affecting National Origin Discriminationp. 247
English Proficiency Rulesp. 259
Religious Discriminationp. 262
Overviewp. 262
Unlawful Employment Practices Relating to Religionp. 263
Protected Activityp. 263
Reasonable Accommodationp. 264
Proving Discriminationp. 269
Defenses to Religious Discrimination Claimsp. 273
Religious Advocacy in the Workplacep. 274
Sex Discriminationp. 278
Overviewp. 278
Definition of Sexual Harassment--Title VIIp. 279
Definition of Sexual Harassment--EEOCp. 279
Categories Of Sexual Harassmentp. 280
Same-Sex Harassmentp. 285
Constructive Dischargep. 286
Preparing to Litigate from the Plaintiff's Perspectivep. 287
Determination of Employer's Liability for Sexual Harassment/Hostile Work Environmentp. 292
Defending Sexual Harassment Claims--EEOC and Courtp. 295
Sex-Plus Discriminationp. 301
Glass Ceiling Issues in Discriminationp. 303
Nonsexual Gender Harassmentp. 304
Overview of Pregnancy Discriminationp. 305
Hiring Issues Relating to Pregnancy Discriminationp. 305
Accommodations for Pregnant Employeesp. 306
Pregnancy Leave and Benefitsp. 306
Positions Held Open for Pregnancy or Maternity Leavep. 307
Health Benefits for Pregnancyp. 308
Proving Pregnancy Discriminationp. 308
Fetal Protection Policiesp. 310
Reproduction Discriminationp. 311
Prima facie Violations of the PDAp. 312
Statistics on EEOC and FEP Pregnancy Discrimination Charges Filedp. 312
The Family and Medical Leave Actp. 316
Overviewp. 316
Employers Covered by FMLAp. 316
Employees Entitled to Leavep. 317
Leave Requirementsp. 317
Qualifying Reasons for FMLA Leavep. 321
Employee Protections under the FMLAp. 323
Limitations and Exceptions to the Employer's FMLA Obligationp. 324
The Employee's Obligations under the FMLAp. 328
The Employer's Obligationsp. 329
Burden of Proof in FMLA Discrimination Casesp. 337
Example of Interference/Discrimination Found by the Courtp. 337
Example of No Interference/Discrimination Found by the Courtp. 338
Recordkeeping Requirements under the FMLAp. 339
Employee Protections under the FMLAp. 340
Enforcement Proceedingsp. 340
The Employer's Rights Versus the Employee's Right to Privacyp. 344
Employee's Right to Privacyp. 344
Guidelines for Monitoring Employeesp. 346
Categories of Monitoringp. 346
Drug and Alcohol Abusep. 350
Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988p. 358
Access to Personnel Informationp. 361
Information Relating to Reason for Discharge or Voluntary Terminationp. 362
Defamation Liability Potentialp. 362
Federal Fair Credit Reporting Actp. 363
Immigrationp. 366
Overviewp. 366
Administration of Immigration Lawsp. 367
Employers' Duties Regarding Alien Employmentp. 368
Independent Contractorsp. 371
North American Free-Trade Agreement (NAFTA)p. 371
Sanctionsp. 373
Recordkeeping Requirementsp. 374
Antidiscrimination Provisionsp. 375
Nonimmigrant Business Visasp. 376
B-Category Visasp. 376
E-Category Visasp. 376
F and M-Category Visasp. 376
H-Category Visasp. 377
L-Category Visasp. 377
O-Category Visasp. 377
P-Category Visasp. 378
Q-Category Visasp. 378
TN-Category Visasp. 378
Derivative Visasp. 378
Permanent Resident Visasp. 378
Citizenship Applicationp. 379
Immigration Forms and Informationp. 380
Safety Regulations in Employmentp. 383
Overviewp. 383
OSHA Coveragep. 385
Employees' Rights under OSHAp. 385
Employer Requirements under OSHAp. 385
General Duty Clausep. 386
Reporting Requirementsp. 386
Enforcement Proceduresp. 390
Penalties for OSHA Violationsp. 390
Inspections and Investigationsp. 391
Abatement Certificationp. 391
Employer Defenses to OSHA Citationsp. 392
Obtaining Information about OSHAp. 392
Compensable Injury under Workers' Compensation Lawsp. 394
Noncompensable Injury under Workers' Compensation Lawsp. 395
Occupational Diseasesp. 395
Infectious Diseasesp. 395
Hearing Lossp. 395
Preexisting Diseasesp. 395
Notice of Injuryp. 396
Filing of Claimsp. 396
Benefitsp. 396
Administrative Hearingsp. 397
Coordination of Benefitsp. 397
Retaliation for Workers' Compensation Claimsp. 398
Minimizing On-the-Job Injuriesp. 398
Employment Handbook Acknowledgmentp. 405
U.S. Department of Labor Regional Officesp. 406
Record Retention Requirementsp. 408
Notices (Posting) Required (Under Federal Employment Law)p. 410
Record Retention Requirements Under ADEAp. 412
Internet Sites Relating To General Legal Topicsp. 413
State Workers' Compensation Agenciesp. 414
EEOC Document Request Under FOIAp. 419
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Agreement of Nondisclosurep. 420
Authorization To Obtain Medical Recordsp. 421
State Fair Employment Practice Officesp. 422
State Laws Prohibiting Discrimination on the Basis of AIDS or HIVp. 429
Glossaryp. 430
Indexp. 439
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