Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines

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  • Edition: Revised
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2014-05-06
  • Publisher: New World Library
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More Than 1,000 Goddesses and Heroines from around the World

Groundbreaking scholar Patricia Monaghan spent her life researching, writing about, and documenting goddesses and heroines from all religions and all corners of the globe. Her work demonstrated that from the beginning of recorded history, goddesses reigned alongside their male counterparts as figures of inspiration and awe. Drawing on anthropology, folklore, literature, and psychology, Monaghan’s vibrant and accessible encyclopedia covers female deities from Africa, the eastern Mediterranean, Asia and Oceania, Europe, and the Americas, as well as every major religious tradition.

Author Biography

Patricia Monaghan (1946–2012) was a pioneer in the contemporary women's spirituality movement and published numerous books on the topic for more than 30 years, including Goddess Paths and The Red-Haired Girl from the Bog. Before retirement, she was an associate professor of interdisciplinary studies at DePaul University in Chicago, and also served as senior fellow at the Black Earth Institute in Wisconsin. She was a poet as well as a scholar, and was awarded the Pushcart Prize in literature and the Paul Gruchow Award for Nature Writing.

Table of Contents


Volume I: Africa, Eastern Mediterranean, Asia
List of Illustrations vii
Acknowledgements ix
Introduction xi
Note on Spelling and Pronunciation xvii
Symbols and Associations xix
Approaches to the Study of Goddess Myths and Images li
Africa 1
Egypt 27
African Diaspora 39
Eastern Mediterranean
Eastern Mediterranean 51
Christian and Jewish 81
China 107
Korea 127
Circumpolar 135
India 151
Southeast Asia and Indonesia 215
Japan 235
The Pacific Islands 247
Australia 269

Volume II: Europe and the Americas
List of Illustrations vii
The Baltic 283
The Celtic World 291
Finno-Ugric Cultures 355
Greece 371
Rome 445
Scandinavia 473
Southeastern Europe 499
The Americas
North America 525
Mesoamerica 577
South America and the Caribbean 589
General Bibliography 609
Index 621

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