Energy Production and Reservoir Water Quality

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-12-31
  • Publisher: Amer Society of Civil Engineers
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The inextricable link between energy production and reservoir water quality poses an ongoing challenge for civil engineers. Energy production processes can influence reservoir water quality, and reservoir water quality can limit energy production. This book on energy production and reservoir water quality brings together the regulatory framework driving the need for technical evaluations and the details of tools presently available for assessing those issues. Along with six case studies, topics discussed in Energy Production and Reservoir Water Quality include: regulatory framework; fundamental water quality processes; numerical hydrodynamic and transport models for reservoirs; water quality modeling theory; and modeling systems and their applications. This report was created by the Environmental Effects Committee of ASCE┬┐s Energy Engineering Division.

Table of Contents

Reservoirs and Energy Production
Hydroelectric Generation
The Future of Hydroelectric Production on Reservoirs
Thermal Generation
The Future of Thermal Energy Production on Reservoirs
Uses of Report
Regulatory Framework
Regulatory Emphasis
Procedural Emphasis
Water Quantity and Use Issues
Water Quality Impairment Lists and Pollution Allocation Issues
Standards and Criteria
Impairment Determination
Total Maximum Daily Loads
Elements of A TMDL and Schedules
TMDL Issues Related to Reservoir Water Quality
Pollutant Allocations and TMDL Implementation
Fish and Wildlife Issues
Effects of Operations on Wildlife And Fisheries
Fish Passage Issues
Entrainment and Impingement Issues
Water Quality and Flow
Endangered Species Act Issues (ESA)
FERC Licensing Issues
Federal Power Act Provisions
FPA Section 4(E), Equal Consideration Standard
FPA Section 10(A)(1) Comprehensive Development Standard
FPA Section 10(J)
FPA Section 30(C)
FPA Section 18
FPA Section 31(A)
Other Applicable Laws and Statutes
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (FWCA)
National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA)
Endangered Species Act (ESA)
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (WSRA) and the CEQ procedures
Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) - 1972
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Clean Water Act (CWA)
Other Regulatory Issues
Fundamental Water Quality Processes
Types of Reservoirs
Mainstem Reservoirs
Storage Reservoirs
Transition Reservoirs
Reservoir Zones
Riverine Zone
Transition Zone
Lacustrine Zone
Reservoir Hydrodynamics
Water Properties
Reservoir Stratification
Reservoir Heat Sources and Sinks
Particle Settling and Transport
Light and Heat Penetration
Dissolved Oxygen in Stratified Reservoirs
Anoxic Reservoir Processes
Manganese Reduction
Iron Reduction
Sulfate Reduction
Acidification of Organics
Methane Formation
Anaerobic Summary
Reservoir Discharge and Operational Effects
Tailwater Quality
Tailwater Temperature
Tailwater Dissolved Oxygen
Tailwater Iron and Manganese Oxidation
Tailwater Nutrients and Other Materials
Numerical Hydrodynamic and Transport Models for Reservoirs
Governing Equations for Mass, Momentum, Constituent Mass and Heat Conservation
Theoretical Basis for Flow Modeling
Coordinate System
Turbulent Time-Averaged Equations
Overview of Turbulence Closure Modeling Approaches
Modeling Approaches
Mathematical solution techniques, computational efficiency and hydrodynamic and water quality model linkages
Solution Techniques
Computational Efficiency
Model Inputs
Use and Linkages for Water Quality Modeling
Water Quality Modeling Theory
Eutrophication Modeling
Eutrophication Processes
Model Formulation and Computational Properties
Evaluation of Kinetic Coefficients
Future Directions in Eutrophication Modeling
Sediment Exchange Processes
Model Framework
Computation of SOD and Sediment Release Rates
Phosphate and Silica
Water Quality Linkage
Toxics modeling
Risk and Hazard Assessments
Modeling Organic Chemicals
Modeling Metals
Slow Reactions
Bioaccumulaton Modeling
Evaluating Sediment Transport and Stability
Heat budget modeling
Modeling Systems and Their Application
Models and modeling systems
The model application procedure
Step 1: Identify the Problem
Step 2: Assess Prototype Conditions
Step 3: Develop the Modeling Plan
Step 4: Build the Model Grid
Step 5: Assemble Boundary Condition Data
Step 6: Assemble Initial Condition Data
Step 7: Assemble calibration and evaluation data
Step 8: Develop Model Input
Step 9: Test and Calibrate the model
Step 10: Apply the model
Data quality issues
Quality Assurance (QA) Planning
Case Studies
Water Quality Modeling of the Tennessee River System to Support Beneficial Water Uses
Site Description
Approach to Water Quality Assessment
Hydrodynamic and Water Quality Models
Model Application
Examples of Model Output and Evaluation Metrics
Limnology and Water Quality in a Multi-Zone Reservoir: Flaming Gorge Reservoir
Description of Project
Geologic Setting-Paleolimnolgy
Longitudinal zonation
Issues involved
Sediment/phosphorus diagenesis in the riverine/transitional zone
Studies and Modeling
Selective Level Outlet works
Old Hickory Reservoir
Time-of-travel tests
Gallatin Steam Plant thermal and water quality impacts
Use of Systems Models in Conjunction with 3-D Models: Gerald Gentlemen Station, Nebraska
Systems Model
Calibration procedure and results
Frequency of exceedance statistics
3-D Model
Calibration procedure and results
Simulated Pond Modifications
Effectiveness of an Internal Weir to Improve Water Quality in a Hydroelectric Reservoir
The Hydrodynamic and Water Quality Model
Input Conditions
Model Simulation Results
Hydrothermal Modeling Studies of Cooling Tower Alternatives
Model Description and Input Data
Model Temperature Results
Verification of Temperature Results from Survey Data
Dissolved Oxygen Simulations and Results
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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