Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Union

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-06-30
  • Publisher: Mit Pr
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The legacy of environmental catastrophe in the states of the former Soviet Union includes desertification, pollution, and the toxic aftermath of industrial accidents, the most notorious of which was the Chernobyl disaster of 1986. This book examines the development of environmental activism in Russia and the former Soviet republics in response to these problems and its effect on policy and planning. It also shows that because of increasing economic, ethnic, and social inequality in the former Soviet states, debates over environmental justice are beginning to come to the fore. The book explores the varying environmental, social, political, and economic circumstances of these countries-which range from the Western-style democracies of the Baltic states to the totalitarian regimes of Central Asia-and how they affect the ecological, environmental, and public health. Among the topics covered are environmentalism in Russia (including the progressive nature of its laws on environmental protection, which are undermined by overburdened and underpaid law enforcement); the effect of oil wealth on Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan; the role of nationalism in Latvian environmentalism; the struggle of Russia's indigenous peoples for environmental justice; public participation in Estonia's environmental movement; and lack of access to natural capital in Tajikistan. Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Unionmakes clear that although fragile transition economies, varying degrees of democratization, and a focus on national security can stymie progress toward "just sustainability," the diverse states of the former Soviet Union are making some progress toward "green" and environmental justice issues separately. Contributors: Julian Agyeman, Caroline Campbell, Susan A. Crate, Brian Donahoe, Jessica K. Graybill, Mati Heidmets, Laura A. Henry, Juri Kruusvall, Katherine Metzo, Yelena Ogneva-Himmelberger, Shannon O'Lear, Maaris Raudsepp, Tamara Steger, Dominic Stucker, Kate Watters Urban and Industrial Environments series

Table of Contents

Contributorsp. vi
Introductionp. 1
The Law as a Source of Environmental Justice in the Russian Federationp. 21
Thinking Globally, Limited Locally: The Russian Environmental Movement and Sustainable Developmentp. 47
Places and Identities on Sakhalin Island: Situating the Emerging Movements for "Sustainable Sakhalin"p. 71
Oil Wealth, Environment, and Equity in Azerbaijanp. 97
Civil Society and the Debate over Pipelines in Tunka National Park, Russiap. 119
The Role of Culture and Nationalism in Latvian Environmentalism and the Implications for Environmental Justicep. 141
The Fight for Community Justice against Big Oil in the Caspian Region: The Case of Berezovka, Kazakhstanp. 153
Viliui Sakha of Subarctic Russia and Their Struggle for Environmental Justicep. 189
Environmental Justice and Sustainability in Post-Soviet Estoniap. 215
Environmental Injustices, Unsustainable Livelihoods, and Conflict: Natural Capital Inaccessibility and Loss among Rural Households in Tajikistanp. 237
Conclusionp. 275
Indexp. 283
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