9780470758038

Essential Forensic Biology

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780470758038

  • ISBN10:

    0470758031

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-03-16
  • Publisher: Wiley

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

This book is an introduction to the application of biology in legal investigations. Fully revised and updated throughout, the second edition of this highly successful textbook offers an accessible overview to the essentials of the subject providing a balanced coverage of the range of organisms used as evidence in forensic investigations; invertebrates, vertebrates, plants and microbes.The book provides an overview of the decay process and discusses the role of forensic indicators - human fluids and tissues, including blood cells, bloodstain pattern analysis, hair, teeth, bones, and wounds. It also examines the study of forensic biology in cases of suspicious death.The coverage of molecular techniques has been expanded throughout with additional material on bioterrorism and wildlife forensics now included. The use of DNA and RNA for the identification of individuals and their personal characteristics is now covered along with a discussion of the ethical issues associated with the maintenance of DNA databases.- Fully revised and updated new edition of this highly successful textbook.- Includes self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter and case studies.- Now in full colour throughout.- Includes a supplementary website (www.wileyeurope.com/college/gunn) covering additional material and self-test questions to reinforce student understanding.From the reviews of the first edition:"The author does an excellent job of demonstrating how biological science can, and does, contribute to legal investigations..." THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY"...a super book ...not a book that will languish on library shelves. Buy it!" JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL EDUCATION"...naturalists and biologists will find much of interest within these books...new light on the application of their own specialism..." THE NATURALIST"Overall, I give it my highest recommendation. I was unable to find a single paragraph that was no fascinating, despite being sad or gruesome at times." E-STREAMS

Table of Contents

Acknowledgementsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Human Remains: Decay, DNA, Tissues and Fluidsp. 9
The decay, discovery and recovery of human bodiesp. 11
The dead bodyp. 11
The stages of decompositionp. 12
Factors affecting the speed of decayp. 28
Discovery and recovery of human remainsp. 35
Determining the age and provenance of skeletonized remainsp. 39
Future developmentsp. 41
Body fluids and waste productsp. 45
Blood Cells and blood typingp. 45
Methods for detecting bloodp. 48
Confirming the presence of bloodp. 51
Bloodstain pattern analysisp. 51
Artificial bloodp. 70
Post mortem toxicological analysis of bloodp. 71
Saliva and semenp. 72
Vitreous humorp. 75
Faeces and urine as forensic indicatorsp. 77
Future directionsp. 82
Molecular biologyp. 85
The structure of DNAp. 86
DNA samplingp. 87
DNA profilingp. 88
Polymerase chain reactionp. 92
Short tandem repeat markersp. 97
Single nucleotide polymorphism markersp. 107
Determination of ethnicityp. 108
Determination of physical appearancep. 109
Determination of personality traitsp. 110
Mobile element insertion polymorphismsp. 110
Mitochondrial DNAp. 112
RNAp. 115
DNA databasesp. 116
Future developmentsp. 120
Human tissuesp. 123
The outer body surfacep. 123
Hairp. 138
Bonesp. 142
Teethp. 151
Future developmentsp. 159
Woundsp. 163
Definitionsp. 163
Blunt force injuriesp. 165
Sharp force traumasp. 172
Bone damagep. 180
Additional aspects of wound interpretationp. 183
Asphyxiap. 184
Pathology associated with drug usep. 190
Gunshot woundsp. 192
Bite marksp. 200
Burns and scaldsp. 203
Ageing of woundsp. 205
Post mortem injuriesp. 207
Future developmentsp. 209
Invertebrates and Vertebratesp. 211
Invertebrates 1: biological aspectsp. 213
An introduction to invertebrate biologyp. 213
Invertebrates as forensic indicators in cases of murder of suspicious deathp. 214
Invertebrates as a cause of deathp. 238
Invertebrates as forensic indicators in cases of neglect and animal welfarep. 241
The role of invertebrates in food spoilage and hygiene litigationp. 243
The illegal trade in invertebratesp. 246
Invertebrate identification techniquesp. 247
Future directionsp. 250
Invertebrates 2: practical aspectsp. 253
Calculating the PMI/time since infestation from invertebrate development ratesp. 254
Complicating factors affecting earliest oviposition date calculationsp. 260
Determination of the PMI using invertebrate species compositionp. 266
Determination of the PMI using ectoparasitesp. 267
Determination of movement from invertebrate evidencep. 267
Invertebrate evidence in cases of wound myiasis and neglectp. 269
Detection of drugs, toxins and other chemicals in invertebratesp. 271
Obtaining human/vertebrate DNA evidence from invertebratesp. 271
Determining the source and duration of invertebrate infestations of food productsp. 272
Collecting invertebrates for forensic analysisp. 273
Killing and preserving techniques for invertebratesp. 276
Future directionsp. 279
Vertebratesp. 283
Introductionp. 284
Vertebrate scavenging of human corpsesp. 284
Vertebrates causing death and injuryp. 291
Neglect and abuse of vertebratesp. 292
Vertebrates and drugsp. 293
Vertebrates and food hygienep. 295
Illegal trade and killing of protected species of vertebratesp. 295
Identification of vertebratesp. 298
Future directionsp. 309
Protists, Fungi, Plants and Microbesp. 313
Protists, fungi and plantsp. 315
Introductionp. 316
Protistsp. 316
Fungip. 321
Plantsp. 324
Plant secondary metabolites as sources of drugs and poisonsp. 347
Illegal trade in protected plant speciesp. 351
Future directionsp. 353
Bacteria and virusesp. 355
Introductionp. 355
The role of microorganisms in the decomposition processp. 356
Microbial profiles as identification toolsp. 357
Microbial infections and human behaviourp. 370
Microbial infections that can be mistaken for signs of criminal activityp. 372
The use of microorganisms in bioterrorismp. 373
Future directionsp. 390
Referencesp. 393
Indexp. 417
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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