9780471298229

Ethics and the Practice of Architecture

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780471298229

  • ISBN10:

    0471298220

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2000-03-07
  • Publisher: Wiley

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Summary

From theory to practicea unique, well-rounded guide to ethics for todays architect How does an architect assist a community in evaluating alternative designs? Resolve a dispute with a contractor? Take into account a projects impact on the natural environment? When it comes to questions like these, making decisions about what ought to be doneor what is the "best" or "right" solutionrequires more than sound technical knowledge and strong design talent. It demands a solid understanding of the ethical issues that lie at the heart of architectural practice. Ethics and the Practice of Architecture offers a complete, broad-based introduction to this crucial subject. First, it examines basic ethical theories and their application to architecture, and discusses different ways of identifying ethical content in architecture. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, the second part of the book surveys different professional settings and building project processes that frequently hold ethical concerns, and charts the ethical mandates that arise from them. In the final section of the book, thirty case studies explore a wide range of ethical dilemmas encountered in architectural practice, with useful guidance on how to work through them effectively. Arranged by topics that span the key phases of a project from pre-design through post-occupancy evaluation, these case studies allow a detailed look at ethical concerns in real-life situations where multiple issues are often at stake. Providing a practical framework for the exploration of ethical issues in architecture today, Ethics and the Practice of Architecture is an excellent resource for present and future architects in all areas of the field.

Author Biography

BARRY WASSERMAN, FAIA, is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Architecture at California State Polytechnic University in Pomona, California, and heads his own architecture, urban design, and community facilitation firm. PATRICK SULLIVAN, FAIA, is a professor in the Department of Architecture at California State Polytechnic University in Pomona, California, and Principal of Patrick Sullivan Associates. GREGORY PALERMO, FAIA, is Associate Professor and Associate Chair for Undergraduate Studies in the Department of Architecture of the College of Design at Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Introduction 1(9)
PART I: AWARENESS 10(94)
Introduction To Awareness
11(11)
Engaging Ethics And Architecture
11(4)
The Event That is Architecture
15(1)
Relationships
15(1)
Special Knowledge
15(1)
Architectural Processes
16(1)
Ethical Issues Embedded In Typical Architectural Practices
16(4)
Arriving At Ethics
20(1)
The Organization And Focus of Part I: Awareness
21(1)
Some Basics About Ethics
22(9)
Initial Comments On The Nature of Ethics
22(2)
Definitions
24(3)
Primary Questions
26(1)
Philosophical Context
26(1)
Ethical Reasoning
26(1)
Texts and Discourse of Ethics
26(1)
Roots Of Ethics
27(2)
The Spectrum Of Ethics
29(2)
Meta-ethics
29(1)
Applied Ethics and Architecture
30(1)
The Ethical Nature of Architecture
31(17)
Architecture's Inherently Ethical Nature
31(1)
Ethics And Architecture
32(3)
Definitions Of Architecture
35(3)
Assertions Of Architecture's Ethical Nature
38(6)
An Architectural Example And Ethical Content
44(4)
An Architectural Example
44(3)
Ethical Content
47(1)
A More In-Depth Look At Ethical Concepts
48(22)
Introduction
48(1)
Four Principal Ethical Theories
48(17)
Action Based Upon Consequences: Teleology and Utility
49(5)
Acting from Moral Rules or Principles: Deontology
54(3)
Virtue: Excellence
57(4)
Contract Theory
61(4)
Other Views On Ethics
65(5)
Religious Morality
66(1)
Relativism
66(1)
Ethical Egoism
66(1)
Feminist Ethics
67(1)
Continental Philosophy
68(2)
Businesses, Professions, And Ethical Obligations
70(9)
What Is A Profession?
70(1)
Duty: Service and Trust
71(1)
The Profession Of Architecture
71(3)
Businesses, Professions, And Ethical Obligations
74(5)
Architects and Business Ethics
75(1)
Architects and Professional Ethics
75(4)
Ethics And Architectural Practices
79(14)
The Architecture/Ethics Nexus
79(1)
Five Framing Lenses
80(12)
The Lens of Architecture's Purposefulness and Social Benefit
80(2)
The Lens of Material Production
82(3)
The Lens of Aesthetics
85(2)
The Lens of Architecture's Rhetoric and Ideologies
87(3)
The Lens of Praxis
90(2)
An Application Example
92(1)
Ethical Reasoning
93(11)
Overview And Process
93(2)
A Case Example: Environmental Sustainability, Ethics, And Policies That Guide Architecture
95(7)
Definition
96(1)
Assessment
96(2)
Speculation and #4 Deliberation
98(4)
Resolution
102(1)
Reflection
102(2)
PART II: UNDERSTANDING 104(74)
Introduction
105(1)
Learning Objectives
105(1)
A Closer Look At Being An Architect
106(21)
A Selected History of the Profession: 1850-1909
106(2)
The Process (Education/Internship/Licensure)
108(3)
NCARB: Ethical Standards/State Laws
111(2)
AIA: Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct
113(4)
Alternative Roles
117(3)
Professional Characteristics: Leadership
120(2)
Character/Integrity/Honesty
122(1)
Community Responsibilities
123(2)
Professional Development
125(2)
A Closer Look At Making Architecture
127(32)
Overview
127(1)
Design
128(3)
Architecture Delivery Processes
131(2)
Construction Delivery Options
133(5)
Organization Issues
138(4)
Management Responsibilities
142(5)
Standard of Care
147(2)
Risk Management
149(2)
Employers/Employees
151(4)
Consultants
155(1)
The Changing Client
156(3)
A Closer Look At Doing Architecture Ethically
159(19)
Overview
159(1)
Professional Roles, Activities, and Ethical Issues
160(6)
Architectural Practice Phases; Societal and Professional Ethical Considerations
166(12)
PART III: CHOICES 178(80)
Introduction To Choices
179(1)
Learning Objectives
179(1)
Making Ethical Judgments
180(4)
Process for Ethical Reasoning
180(2)
Learning Settings
182(1)
Learning Exercises
182(2)
Case Studies
184(74)
Case Studies Organization/Matrix
184(74)
Personal Choices
186(2)
Public Service
188(2)
Cultural Diversity and the Public Architect
190(4)
The Client's House
194(1)
Rezoning
195(2)
The Mayor and the School Board
197(2)
The Neighbor's House
199(3)
The Master-Plan Study
202(3)
Building Codes and City Projects
205(3)
The Elusive Client
208(2)
Employee Rights
210(2)
Two Clients/One Project
212(2)
The Real-Estate-Investment Project
214(2)
Adaptive Reuse/Historic Preservation
216(2)
Life Safety
218(2)
The Fee Proposal
220(2)
The Joint Venture
222(2)
The Cash-Flow Bind
224(3)
The Competition
227(4)
Design Integrity
231(2)
The Client's Project Manager
233(3)
The University Architect
236(4)
Design/Build
240(2)
Building-Material Choices
242(2)
The Building-Code Official
244(3)
The Public-Bid Opening
247(2)
The Private-Bid Opening
249(1)
Construction Observation
250(2)
Post-Occupancy Evaluation
252(2)
Right of Confidentiality and the Public Interest
254(4)
Epilogue 258(1)
Appendix I: NCARB Rules of Conduct: 1998 259(10)
Appendix II: AIA Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct: 1997 269(6)
Appendix III: Intern Development Program Competencies and Ethical Considerations 275(10)
Appendix IV: Architectural-Practice-Organization, Services Delivery, and Ethical Considerations 285(8)
Notes To The Text 293(12)
Works Cited In The Notes 305(4)
Works Recommended For Further Study 309(4)
Additional Architectural References 313(4)
Additional Information About The Photographs 317(2)
Index 319

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