9780199290697

Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780199290697

  • ISBN10:

    0199290695

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-03-15
  • Publisher: Clarendon Press
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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Public health is an important and fast-developing areas of ethical discussion. In this volume a range of issues in public health ethics are explored using the resources of moral theory, political philosophy, philosphy of science, applied ethics, law, and economics. The twelve original papers presented consider numerous ethical issues within public health ethics. To what extent can the public good or the public interests justify state interventions that impose limits upon the freedom of individuals? What role should the law play in regulating risks? Should governments actively aim to change our preferences about such things as food, smoking or physical exercise? What are public goods, and what role (if any) do they play in public health? To what extent do individuals have moral obligations to contribute to protecting the community or the public good? Where is it appropriate to concentrate upon prevention rather than cure? Given the fact that we cannot be protected from all harm, what sorts of harm provide a justification for public health action? What limits do we wish to place upon public health activities? How do we ensure that the interests of individuals are not set aside or forgotten in the pursuit of population benefits?

Table of Contents

Introduction: Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health
The Meaning of 'Public' in 'Public Health'
Public Health and Civic Republicanism: Towards an Alternative Framework for Public Health Ethics
Health of the People: The Highest Law?
Population-level Bioethics: Mapping a New Agenda
Parental Choice and Expert Knowledge in the Debate about MMR and Autism
Ethical Issues in Applying Quantitative Models for Setting Priorities in Prevention
Reasonable Limits to Public Health Demands
Vertical Transmission of Infectious Diseases and Genetic Disorder: Are the Medical and Public Responses Consistent?
Herd Protection as a Public Good: Vaccination and Our Obligations to Others
Tobacco Discouragement: A Non-paternalistic Approach
Informed Consent and the Expansion of Newborn Screening
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