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9780132904872

Ethics Theory and Practice

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780132904872

  • ISBN10:

    013290487X

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1984-11-01
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

This text offers both a clear and thorough introduction to normative ethical theory and an extensive survey of moral issues that show how ethical theory is applied in practice. The first section presents a survey of the main methods of ethical reasoning, introducing four normative theories in four separate chapters. A case study introduces each chapter to provide a background for further explanations and to illustrate relevant features of the theory. The second section of the text presents separate chapters on ten ethical issuesincluding such subjects as nuclear war, euthanasia, sexual ethics and capital punishment.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
PART ONE ETHICAL THEORY: FOUR APPROACHES TO ETHICS
The Nature of Ethics
1(30)
The Classical View of Ethics: Plato
Crito
8(5)
A Contemporary View of Ethics: Edward Westermarck, ``Ethical Relativity''
13(7)
A Second Contemporary View of Ethics: A. J. Ayer, ``Emotivism''
20(2)
A Contemporary Version of the Classical View: James Rachels, ``Can Ethics Provide Answers?''
22(9)
Natural Law Ethics
31(34)
The Classical Version of Natural Law Ethics: Saint Thomas Aquinas, Treatises on Law and Justice
41(13)
A Contemporary Version of Natural Law Ethics: Germain Grisez, ``Ethical Arguments''
54(11)
Kantian Ethics
65(38)
The Classical Version of Kantian Ethics: Immanuel Kant, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals
76(19)
A Contemporary Version of Kantian Ethics: R. M. Hare, ``Moral Reasoning''
95(8)
Utilitarian Ethics
103(19)
The Classical Version of Utilitarian Ethics: J. S. Mill, Utilitarianism
110(8)
A Contemporary Version of Utilitarian Ethics: Richard B. Brandt, ``Toward a Credible Form of Utilitarianism''
118(4)
Social Contract Ethics
122(28)
A Classical Version of Social Contract Ethics: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan
130(6)
A Contemporary Version of Social Contract Ethics: John Rawls, A Theory of Justice
136(14)
PART TWO ETHICS IN PRACTICE: CONTEMPORARY MORAL ISSUES
Applying Moral Theory: The Issue of Torture
150(19)
``The Case for Torture''
Michael Levin
159(2)
``Torture''
Henry Shue
161(8)
The Ethics of Nuclear War
169(45)
``Morality of Nuclear Armament''
John R. Connery
175(4)
``The Hydrogen Bombing of Cities''
John C. Ford
179(4)
``The Morality of Using Nuclear Weapons''
Manuel Velasquez
183(12)
``Ethics and Nuclear Deterrence''
Douglas Lackey
195(8)
``The Ethics of Nuclear Deterrence: A Contractarian Account''
Christopher W. Morris
203(11)
The Ethics of Suicide
214(21)
``Suicide and Causing One's Own Death''
218(4)
Germain Grisez
Joseph M. Boyle, Jr.
``Duties of Human Beings to Themselves''
222(3)
Alan Donagan
``The Morality and Rationality of Suicide''
225(10)
Richard B. Brandt
Ethical Issues in Abortion
235(45)
``Abortion and Infanticide''
243(6)
Michael Tooley
``On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion''
249(3)
Mary Anne Warren
``Abortion: The Moral Status of the Unborn''
252(8)
Richard Werner
``A Defense of Abortion''
260(8)
Judith Jarvis Thomson
``The Rights and Wrongs of Abortion''
268(6)
John Finnis
``Abortion and the Golden Rule''
274(6)
R. M. Hare
The Ethics of Euthanasia
280(30)
``Active and Passive Euthanasia''
285(5)
James Rachels
``A Reply to Rachels on Active and Passive Euthanasia''
290(8)
Tom L. Beauchamp
``The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia''
298(4)
J. Gay-Williams
``Rights, Justice, and Euthanasia''
302(8)
Bertram
Elsie Bandman
Sexual Ethics
310(43)
``Sexual Perversion''
315(4)
Thomas Nagel
``Sex and Perversion''
319(2)
Robert Solomon
``Plain Sex''
321(4)
Alan H. Goldman
``Perversion and the Unnatural as Moral Categories''
325(5)
Donald Levy
``Natural Law and Unnatural Acts''
330(9)
John M. Finnis
``Homosexuality and the `Unnaturalness Argument'''
339(7)
Burton M. Leiser
``A Philosophical Analysis of Sexual Ethics''
346(7)
Raymond A. Belliotti
Aid for the Needy
353(32)
``Famine, Affluence, and Morality''
358(5)
Peter Singer
``Carrying Capacity as an Ethical Concept''
363(6)
Garrett Hardin
``Starvation and Human Rights''
369(6)
Alan Gewirth
``Human Rights: A Social Contract Perspective''
375(6)
James P. Sterba
``The Concept of Health and the Right to Health Care''
381(4)
Joseph M. Boyle
Racism and Sexism
385(32)
``Servility and Self-Respect''
390(5)
Thomas E. Hill, Jr.
``Sex Roles: The Argument from Nature''
395(7)
Joyce Trebilcot
``Preferential Policies in Hiring and Admissions: A Jurisprudential Approach''
402(7)
James W. Nickel
``Justifying Reverse Discrimination in Employment''
409(8)
George Sher
Capital Punishment
417(26)
``Does Capital Punishment Deter?''
422(3)
Steven Goldberg
``Capital Punishment and Deterrence: Some Considerations in Dialogue Form''
425(8)
David A. Conway
``Marxism and Retribution''
433(6)
Jeffrie G. Murphy
``A Utilitarian Theory of Criminal Punishment''
439(4)
Richard B. Brandt
Ethics and the Environment
443(48)
``Ethics and Ecology''
451(2)
William T. Blackstone
``Intergenerational Distributive Justice and Environmental Responsibility''
453(13)
Ronald M. Green
``The Rights of Animals and Unborn Generations''
466(10)
Joel Feinberg
``Not for Humans Only: The Place of Nonhumans in Environmental Issues''
476(15)
Peter Singer
``Ethics and Animal Consciousness''
491
Martin Benjamin

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