Europe as Empire The Nature of the Enlarged European Union

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-12-16
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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This book seeks to comprehend the evolving nature of the European Union following the fall of the Berlin Wall and the failure of the European Constitution. Its prime focus is the last wave of enlargement that has profoundly transformed the EU. Although there are many parallels between the European integration process and state building processes, the Union is nothing like a Westphalian super state. The new emerging polity resembles a kind of neo-medieval empire with a polycentric system of government, multiple and overlapping jurisdictions, striking cultural and economic heterogeneity, fuzzy borders, and divided sovereignty. The book tries to spell out the origin, the shape, and the implications of this empire. The aim of this book is to suggest a novel way of thinking about the European Union and the process of European integration. The book shows 'two Europes' coming together following the end of the cold war. It proposes a system of economic and democratic governance that meets the ever greater challenges of modernization, interdependence, and globalization. It identifies the most plausible scenario of promoting peaceful change in Europe and beyond. The author argues that mainstream thinking about European integration is based on mistaken statist assumptions and suggests more effective and legitimate ways of governing Europe than through adoption of a European Constitution, creation of a European army, or introduction of a European social model. The book covers many fields from politics, and economics to foreign affairs and security. It analyzes developments in both Eastern and Western Europe. It also gives ample room to both theoretical and empirical considerations.

Author Biography

Jan Zielonka is Professor of European Politics at the University of Oxford and Ralf Dahrendorf Fellow at St Antony's College.

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tablesp. xi
Introduction: the neo-medieval paradigmp. 1
Genesis of the bookp. 2
Unidentified political objectp. 4
Should Europe become a state?p. 7
The neo-medieval alternativep. 9
Two types of empirep. 11
Uses and abuses of modelsp. 14
Structure of the bookp. 20
Return to Europep. 23
Assessing Eastern European progressp. 25
Market reforms and social peacep. 29
Constitutional liberalism or praetorianism?p. 33
Flash points that never flashedp. 34
Comparison with other post-Communist statesp. 36
Conclusionsp. 42
European power politicsp. 44
The purpose of accessionp. 49
Imperial design and the process of accessionp. 54
Benign empire in actionp. 57
Agents behind the accessionp. 59
Conclusionsp. 63
Diversity and adaptationp. 65
Diversity and European integrationp. 67
Diversity and European institutionsp. 71
Economic 'fault lines' in the enlarged EUp. 74
Diversity in democracy and political culturep. 78
The American biasp. 83
Conclusionsp. 88
Economic governancep. 91
The challenge of internal cohesionp. 94
The global competition challengep. 100
The cross-border interdependence challengep. 105
Conclusionsp. 115
Democratic governancep. 117
Governance structurep. 120
Majoritarianism versus constitutionalismp. 125
Public space and democratic culturep. 333
Conclusionsp. 137
Governance beyond bordersp. 140
The EU as an international actorp. 143
The emerging international system in Europep. 150
Competing universalistic claims: EU versus United Statesp. 156
Conclusionsp. 162
Conclusions: implications of neo-medievalismp. 164
What makes Europe neo-medievalp. 166
Integration through enlargementp. 171
Governing the neo-medieval Europep. 176
Legitimacy in the neo-medieval Europep. 182
Participation, representation, and contestationp. 186
The case for optimismp. 189
Notesp. 192
Bibliographyp. 272
Indexp. 285
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