European Integration

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-11-17
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
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A fully revised and updated edition of Surpassing Realism: The Politics of European Integration since 1945, this book remains the standard for concise histories of the European Union. Mark F. Gilbert offers a clear and balanced narrative of European integration since its inception to the present, set in the wider history of the post-war period. Imperial decline and decolonization, the threat and then fall of communism, the impact of American policy, and the democratization of the Mediterranean and central European countries are just some of the contemporaneous historical developments whose intersecting stories have been woven into this book'"s fabric. The European Union remains a remarkable experiment in regional cooperation, but the aura of success that has enveloped the process of integration for much of the period since the 1950s is dissipating in the wake of dire economic collapses and heated immigration debates. Gilbert concludes by examining the mood of crisis that has taken hold in the EU since 2005 and considers the Union'"s future.

Author Biography

Mark Gilbert is visiting associate professor of contemporary European history at the Johns Hopkins School for Advanced International Studies in Bologna, on leave from the University of Trento.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Abbreviations and Acronymsp. xi
Chronology 1945-2011p. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Enemies to Partners: The Politics of Cooperation in Western Europe 1945-1950p. 9
The American Vision for Europe: The Marshall Plan and the OEECp. 11
A "Harmonious Society": The Vision of the European Movementp. 16
Cooperation between Governments: The British Visionp. 20
The German Question and the Schuman Planp. 24
Ever Closer Union: From the Schuman Plan to the Economic Community 1950-1958p. 33
The Coal and Steel Communityp. 35
The Defense Communityp. 39
From Messina to Romep. 44
The Treaties of Rome: March 25, 1957p. 51
Washington's Benevolent Gazep. 57
In the Shadow of the General: De Gaulle and the EEC 1958-1969p. 61
The EEC's First Four Yearsp. 62
The "Union of States"p. 65
The First British Negotiation for Entryp. 69
The "Empty Chair" Crisis and the Luxembourg Compromisep. 77
A Certain Vision of Europep. 83
Weathering the Storm: The EC during the 1970sp. 89
The Hague Conference and Its Consequencesp. 90
From Six to Ninep. 92
Monetary Turmoil 1971-1974p. 96
Foreign Policy Initiatives and the Tindemans Reportp. 100
The European Monetary Systemp. 105
Beyond the Common Marketp. 111
The 1992 Initiative and Relaunch of the Communityp. 117
France Sees the Lightp. 118
The British Budgetary Questionp. 121
Mediterranean Enlargementp. 125
The 1992 Initiative and the Dooge Committeep. 129
The Single European Actp. 134
Evaluating the Single European Actp. 139
The Maastricht Compromisep. 143
The "Delors Package" and the Delors Reportp. 144
The Bruges Speechp. 149
German Unification and Its Consequencesp. 152
An Obstacle Removedp. 155
The "Hour of Europe"p. 157
The Treaty on European Unionp. 164
Making Sense of Maastrichtp. 169
EUphoria?p. 173
Adopting the Europ. 174
Enlargementp. 182
The Institutional Questionp. 188
The EU's Growing World Rolep. 198
Toward a Twin-Track Europe?p. 205
Brought Back to Earthp. 206
A PIGS' Breakfast?p. 212
European Normsp. 218
Notesp. 223
Bibliographical Essayp. 253
Indexp. 259
About the Authorp. 269
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