Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.
Purchase Benefits
What is included with this book?
Dr. Sebastian Caban, University of Technology Vienna, Austria
Sebastian Caban finished his PhD with summa cum laude in October 2009 and is now post doctoral fellow at this institute.
Christian Mehlführer, University of Technology Vienna, Austria
Christian Mehlführer received his Dipl.-Ing. degree in electrical engineering from the Vienna University of Technology. In 2009, he finished his PhD about measurement-based performance evaluation of WiMAX and HSDPA with summa cum laude.
Professor Markus Rupp, University of Technology Vienna, Austria
Markus Rupp received his Dipl.-Ing. degree in 1988 at the University of Saarbrücken, Germany and his Dr.-Ing. degree in 1993 at the Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany, where he worked with Eberhardt Hänsler on designing new algorithms for acoustical and electrical echo compensation.
Martin Wrulich, University of Technology Vienna, Austria
Martin Wrulich received his Dipl.-Ing. degree from Vienna University of Technology in March 2006 (diploma thesis: "Capacity Analysis of MIMO systems").
About the Authors | p. xiii |
About the Contributors | p. xv |
Preface | p. xvii |
Acknowledgments | p. xxiii |
List of Abbreviations | p. xxv |
Cellular Wireless Standards | |
Introduction | p. 3 |
References | p. 4 |
UMTS High-Speed Downlink Packet Access | p. 5 |
Standardization and Current Deployment of HSDPA | p. 5 |
HSDPA Principles | p. 6 |
Network Architecture | p. 7 |
Physical Layer | p. 9 |
MAC Layer | p. 13 |
Radio Resource Management | p. 14 |
Quality of Service Management | p. 16 |
MIMO Enhancements of HSDPA | p. 17 |
Physical Layer Changes for MIMO | p. 19 |
Precoding | p. 21 |
MAC Layer Changes for MIMO | p. 25 |
Simplifications of the Core Network | p. 26 |
References | p. 26 |
UMTS Long-Term Evolution | p. 29 |
Contributed by Josep Colom Ikuno | |
LTE Overview | p. 29 |
Requirements | p. 29 |
Network Architecture | p. 31 |
LTE Physical Layer | p. 33 |
LTE Frame Structure | p. 34 |
Reference and Synchronization Symbols | p. 36 |
MIMO Transmission | p. 37 |
Modulation and Layer Mapping | p. 39 |
Channel Coding | p. 41 |
Channel Adaptive Feedback | p. 45 |
MAC Layer | p. 46 |
Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request | p. 46 |
Scheduling | p. 47 |
Physical, Transport, and Logical Channels | p. 48 |
References | p. 51 |
Testbeds For Measurements | |
Introduction | p. 57 |
Reference | p. 58 |
On Building Testbeds | p. 59 |
Basic Idea | p. 60 |
Transmitter | p. 61 |
Receiver | p. 63 |
Synchronization | p. 65 |
Possible Pitfalls | p. 67 |
Digital Baseband Hardware | p. 67 |
Tool and Component Selection | p. 68 |
Analog RF Front Ends | p. 69 |
Cost | p. 70 |
MatlabĀ® Code and Testbeds | p. 70 |
Summary | p. 71 |
References | p. 72 |
Quasi-Real-Time Testbedding | p. 75 |
Basic Idea | p. 75 |
Problem Formulation | p. 77 |
Employing the Basic Idea | p. 78 |
Data Collection | p. 80 |
More Sophisticated Sampling Techniques | p. 81 |
Variance Reduction Techniques | p. 84 |
Bias | p. 85 |
Outliers | p. 86 |
Parameter Estimation | p. 87 |
Evaluating and Summarizing the Data | p. 88 |
Statistical Inference | p. 90 |
Inferring the Population Mean | p. 90 |
Precision and Sample Size | p. 91 |
Reproducibility and Repeatability | p. 92 |
Measurement Automation | p. 95 |
Dealing with Feedback and Retransmissions | p. 96 |
References | p. 97 |
Experimental Link-Level Evaluation | |
Introduction | p. 101 |
HSDPA Performance Measurements | p. 103 |
Mathematical Model of the Physical Layer | p. 104 |
System Model for the Channel Estimation | p. 106 |
System Model for the Equalizer Calculation | p. 106 |
Receiver | p. 107 |
Channel Estimation | p. 107 |
Equalizer | p. 112 |
Further Receiver Processing | p. 113 |
Quantized Precoding | p. 113 |
CQI and PCI Calculation | p. 115 |
HS-PDSCH Interference | p. 115 |
Pilot Interference | p. 116 |
Synchronization and Control Channel Interference | p. 116 |
Post-equalization Noise and SINR | p. 118 |
SINR to CQI Mapping | p. 119 |
Achievable Mutual Information | p. 121 |
Measurement Results | p. 124 |
Alpine Scenario | p. 125 |
Urban Scenario | p. 128 |
Discussion of the Implementation Loss | p. 130 |
Summary | p. 131 |
References | p. 132 |
HSDPA Antenna Selection Techniques | p. 139 |
Contributed by Jos'e Antonio Garc'ia-Naya | |
Existing Research | p. 141 |
Receive Antenna Selection | p. 142 |
Antenna Selection Based on System Throughput | p. 143 |
Hardware Aspects of Antenna Selection | p. 143 |
An Exemplary Measurement and its Results | p. 144 |
Urban Scenario | p. 144 |
Experimental Assessment of Antenna Selection in HSDPA | p. 145 |
Measurement Results and Discussion | p. 147 |
Summary | p. 148 |
References | p. 149 |
HSDPA Antenna Spacing Measurements | p. 153 |
Problem Formulation | p. 153 |
Existing Research | p. 154 |
Experimental Setup | p. 155 |
Measurement Methodology | p. 157 |
Inferring the Mean Scenario Throughput | p. 157 |
Issues Requiring Special Attention | p. 158 |
Measurement Results and Discussion | p. 160 |
Equal Polarization Versus Cross-Polarization | p. 160 |
Channel Capacity | p. 160 |
Channel Capacity Versus Mutual Information | p. 162 |
Mutual Information Versus Achievable Mutual Information | p. 162 |
Achievable Mutual Information Versus Throughput | p. 163 |
Throughput | p. 163 |
Different Transmit Power Levels and Scenarios | p. 163 |
References | p. 164 |
Throughput Performance Comparisons | p. 167 |
Introduction | p. 167 |
Cellular Systems Investigated: WiMAX and HSDPA | p. 168 |
WiMAX and HSDPA | p. 168 |
Throughput Bounds and System Losses | p. 169 |
Measurement Methodology and Setup | p. 172 |
Measurement Results | p. 173 |
WiMAX Results | p. 173 |
HSDPA Results in Standard-Compliant Setting | p. 177 |
HSDPA Results in Advanced Setting | p. 179 |
Summary | p. 179 |
References | p. 182 |
Frequency Synchronization in LTE | p. 183 |
Contributed by Qi Wang | |
Mathematical Model | p. 184 |
Carrier Frequency Offset Estimation in LTE | p. 186 |
Standardized Training Symbols in LTE | p. 186 |
Maximum Likelihood Estimators | p. 188 |
Performance Evaluation | p. 191 |
Estimation Performance | p. 192 |
Post-FFT SINR | p. 194 |
Post-equalization SINR and Throughput | p. 195 |
References | p. 199 |
LTE Performance Evaluation | p. 201 |
Contributed | |
Mathematical Model of the Physical Layer | p. 202 |
Receiver | p. 203 |
Channel Estimation | p. 204 |
Data Detection | p. 205 |
Further Receiver Processing | p. 206 |
Physical Layer Modeling | p. 206 |
Post-equalization SINR | p. 207 |
SINR Averaging | p. 207 |
User Equipment Feedback Calculation | p. 208 |
User Equipment Feedback Indicators | p. 208 |
Calculation of the CQI, PMI, and RI | p. 210 |
Practical Throughput Bounds | p. 216 |
Channel Capacity | p. 216 |
Open-Loop Mutual Information | p. 217 |
Closed-Loop Mutual Information | p. 218 |
BICM Bounds | p. 219 |
Achievable Throughput Bounds | p. 222 |
Prediction of the Optimal Performance | p. 223 |
Simulation Results | p. 224 |
SISO Transmission | p. 225 |
OLSM Transmission | p. 227 |
CLSM Transmission | p. 229 |
References | p. 230 |
Simulators For Wireless Systems | |
Introduction | p. 237 |
References | p. 240 |
LTE Link- and System-Level Simulation | p. 243 |
Contributed | |
The Vienna LTE Link Level Simulator | p. 245 |
Structure of the Simulator | p. 245 |
Complexity | p. 247 |
The Vienna LTE System Level Simulator | p. 250 |
Structure of the Simulator | p. 250 |
Simulator Implementation | p. 252 |
Complexity | p. 253 |
Validation of the Simulators | p. 255 |
3GPP Minimum Performance Requirements | p. 257 |
Link- and System-Level Cross-Comparison | p. 257 |
Exemplary Results | p. 259 |
Link-Level Throughput | p. 259 |
LTE Scheduling | p. 262 |
References | p. 265 |
System-Level Modeling for MIMO-Enhanced HSDPA | p. 271 |
Concept of System-Level Modeling | p. 271 |
Computationally Efficient Link-Measurement Model | p. 273 |
Receive Filter | p. 274 |
WCDMA MIMO in the Network Context | p. 276 |
Equivalent Fading Parameters Description | p. 278 |
Generation of the Equivalent Fading Parameters | p. 284 |
Influence of Non-Data Channels | p. 286 |
Resulting SINR Description | p. 287 |
Link-Performance Model | p. 288 |
Link-Performance Model Concept | p. 289 |
Training and Validation of the Model | p. 293 |
References | p. 296 |
Simulation-Based Evaluation For Wireless Systems | |
Introduction | p. 301 |
Optimization of MIMO-Enhanced HSDPA | p. 303 |
Network Performance Prediction | p. 303 |
Simulation Setup | p. 303 |
Single Network Scenario Investigation | p. 304 |
Average Network Performance | p. 306 |
RLC-Based Stream Number Decision | p. 310 |
UE Decision | p. 310 |
RLC Decision | p. 311 |
System-Level Simulation Results | p. 311 |
Content-Aware Scheduling | p. 313 |
Video Packet Prioritization in HSDPA | p. 313 |
Content-Aware Scheduler | p. 314 |
Simulation Results | p. 315 |
CPICH Power Optimization | p. 316 |
System-Level Modeling of the CPICH Influence | p. 317 |
CPICH Optimization in the Cellular Context | p. 318 |
References | p. 321 |
Optimal Multi-User MMSE Equalizer | p. 325 |
System Model | p. 326 |
Intra-Cell Interference Aware MMSE Equalization | p. 330 |
Interference Suppression Capability | p. 332 |
The Cell Precoding State | p. 334 |
Training-Sequence-Based Precoding State Estimation | p. 336 |
Blind Precoding State Estimation | p. 337 |
Estimator Performance | p. 339 |
Performance Evaluation | p. 340 |
Physical-Layer Simulation Results | p. 340 |
System-Level Simulation Results | p. 341 |
References | p. 343 |
LTE Advanced Versus LTE | p. 347 |
Contributed | |
IMT-Advanced and 3GPP Performance Targets | p. 348 |
Radio Interface Enhancements | p. 349 |
Bandwidth Extension | p. 349 |
Enhanced MIMO | p. 350 |
Uplink Improvements | p. 351 |
Beyond Release 10 | p. 352 |
MIMO in LTE Advanced | p. 354 |
Codebook-Based Precoding | p. 354 |
Non-Codebook-Based Precoding | p. 356 |
Physical-Layer Throughput Simulation Results | p. 359 |
Eight-Antenna Transmission | p. 359 |
Comparison between LTE and LTE Advanced | p. 363 |
Comparison of SU-MIMO and MU-MIMO | p. 363 |
References | p. 366 |
Index | p. 369 |
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved. |