Excellence in Concrete Construction through Innovation: Proceedings of the conference held at the Kingston University, United Kingdom, 9 - 10 September 2008

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-09-03
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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The concrete industry has embraced innovation and ensured high levels of long-term performance and sustainability through creative applications in design and construction. As a construction material, the versatility of concrete and its intrinsic benefits mean it is still well placed to meet challenges of the construction industry. Indeed, concrete has kept evolving to satisfy ever more stringent, as well as demanding design requirements and calls to improve the performance. This has been achieved through the introduction of new constituent materials, technologies and construction methods. The current challenges faced by concrete construction may not necessarily be the same as those in the future. However, an ongoing programme of innovation and product development means that concrete should continue to provide cost effective sustainable solutions that are able to turn a challenge into an opportunity. This book is a collection of papers presented at the International Conference on Excellence in Concrete Construction through Innovation (Kingston-upon-Thames, UK, 910 September 2008). Excellence in Concrete Construction through Innovation deals with recent innovation in concrete science, technology and practice, and discusses challenges from new materials, technologies, environmental concerns and economic factors in maintaining concrete construction excellence. The book will be of interest to engineers, designers, researchers and scientists.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. XI
Organising Committeep. XIII
Scientific and Technical Committeep. XV
Innovation and development in concrete materials/design
Foamed Concrete: Application and specificationp. 3
The estimation of concrete quality by power functionsp. 11
The control of stable concrete qualityp. 17
The design of concrete mixes on limit surfacesp. 21
Improvement in the compressive strength of cement mortar by the use of a microorganism - Bacillus megateriump. 27
Nonlinear analysis of ultra high strength concrete RC structurep. 31
Stiffened deep cement mixing (SDCM) pile: Laboratory investigationp. 39
Relationship between compressive strength and UPV for high strength concrete containing expanded Perlite aggregatep. 49
The effects of the curing technique on the compressive strength of Autoclaved Aerated mortarp. 57
Mechanical properties of concrete encased in PVC stay-in-place formworkp. 63
Study and comparison between numerical and mathematical method for optimizing structuresp. 73
The mathematical explanation of genetics algorithm method for optimizing structuresp. 79
Optimising 3D structure frames using GAp. 85
Excellence in concrete construction - through innovationp. 91
Development of eco earth-moist concretep. 97
Contaminated soil concrete blocksp. 107
Who is the key decision maker in the structural frame selection process?p. 119
Performance of surface permeability on high-performance concretep. 127
Application of nano composites in designing and manufacturing of cement and concretep. 131
Lightening and strengthening of building using structural lightweight concretep. 135
The role of nano particles in self Compacting concretep. 143
Composite materials in concrete construction
Strength properties of high-volume fly ash (HVFA) concrete incorporating steel fibresp. 149
Permeability of high strength concretep. 159
Formulation of Turonien limestone concrete of the Central Saharian Atlas (Algeria)p. 165
Effect of cumulative lightweight aggregate volume in concrete on its resistance to chloride-ion penetrationp. 175
Effect of bagasse ash on water absorption and compressive strength of lateritic soil interlocking blockp. 181
Light-weight TRC sandwich building envelopesp. 187
Thermo-mechanical properties of HSC made with expanded perlite aggregatep. 195
Composition and microstructure of fly ash geopolymer containing metakaolinp. 201
A computed-based model for the alkali concentrations in pore solution of hydrating Portland cement pastep. 207
Research on the absorbing property of cement matrix composite materialsp. 215
Visual examination of mortars containing flue gas desulphurisation waste subjected to magnesium sulphate solutionp. 221
Effect of cement type on strength development of mortars containing limestone finesp. 227
Adiabatic temperature rise of metakaolin mortarp. 233
Cement-based composites for structural use: Design of reactive powder concrete elementsp. 239
Biomass ash and its use in concrete mixturep. 245
Properties of lightweight concretes made from lightweight fly ash aggregatesp. 251
Experimental studies of the effectiveness of mortar modified with latexesp. 263
Effect of crystal cement on concretep. 269
Properties of FRP composite durabilityp. 271
Ultra-high performance concretep. 275
Design and construction in extreme conditions
Suitability of PTC heating sheets for curing foundation concrete in low temperature environmentsp. 281
Improvement of the durability of sand concrete to freezing-thaw and wet-dry cycling by treatment of wood shavingsp. 287
Microstructure characteristics of cementitious composites at elevated temperaturesp. 293
Durability of polyester polymer concrete under varying temperature and moisturep. 299
Microstructure degradation of concrete in extreme conditions of dry and high temperature differencep. 305
Intelligent exothermal Nano concrete with high thermal conductivity and designing and performing the automatic road temperature monitoring systemp. 311
Application of composite in offshore and marine structurep. 317
Protection against deterioration, repair and strengthening
Lateral strength evaluation of seismic retrofitted RC frame without adhesive anchorsp. 325
Assessment of deformation capacity of reinforced concrete columnsp. 335
Ductility of confined reinforced concrete columns with welded reinforcement gridsp. 339
On the effect of FRP sheet composite anchorage to flexural behaviour of reinforced concrete beamsp. 345
FE modelling of the effect of elevated temperatures on the anchoring of CFRP laminatesp. 351
Rehabilitation and strengthening of a hypar concrete shell by textile reinforced concretep. 357
Corrosion mitigation in concrete beams using electrokinetic nanoparticle treatmentp. 365
Long-term durability of reinforced concrete rehabilitated via electrokinetic nanoparticle treatmentp. 373
The use of glass-ceramic bonding enamel to improve the bond between concrete and steel reinforcementp. 381
A new design approach for plate-reinforced composite coupling beamsp. 387
Analytical modeling of FRP-strengthened RC exterior beam-column jointsp. 397
Environmentally-friendly self-compacting concrete for rehabilitation of concrete structuresp. 403
Shrinkage-free fiber-reinforced mortarsp. 409
Comparison between design codes and procedures for concrete beams with internal FRP reinforcement in balanced case failurep. 413
Experimental behavior of repaired and strengthened self-compacted RC continuous beamsp. 419
Performance-based durability testing, design and specification in South Africa: Latest developmentsp. 429
Mechanical properties and durability of FRP rodsp. 435
FRP composites in fabrication, rehabilitation and strengthening of structurep. 439
Environmental, social and economic sustainability credentials
Effect of GGBFS and GSS on the properties of mortarp. 445
Comparative study on behaviour of concrete-filled steel tubular columns using recycled aggregatesp. 453
A comparative study of using river sand, crushed fine stone, furnace bottom ash and fine recycled aggregate as fine aggregates for concrete productionp. 459
Feasibility of using low grade recycled aggregates for concrete block productionp. 465
Utilization of glass cullet for the manufacture of binding material used in the production of concretep. 473
Methodology for the prediction of concrete with recycled aggregates propertiesp. 477
Geopolymeric concrete based on industrial wastesp. 489
Restoration mortars made by using rubble from building demolitionp. 495
High strength products made with high volume of rejected fly ashp. 501
Industrial symbiosis - effective resource recovery within the UK's construction industryp. 505
Effects of different glasses composition on ecosustainable blended cementsp. 511
Possible utilisation of wheat husk ash waste in the production of precast concrete elementsp. 517
Developing viable products using recycled rubber tyres in concretep. 523
Investigation into the potential of rubberised concrete productsp. 533
Self-cleaning surfaces as an innovative potential for sustainable concretep. 545
Pervious concrete pavement: Meeting environmental challengesp. 553
Investigation on the use of burnt colliery spoil as aggregate in low to normal strength concretep. 559
Improvement of characteristics in cement composite sheet with agriculture waste fibrep. 567
Author indexp. 577
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